State nicknames and symbols


State nicknames and symbols

Table
State nicknames and symbols
state state tree state bird state flower state nickname(s) motto
United States — bald eagle* rose — In God We Trust
Alabama southern (longleaf) pine yellowhammer camellia Cotton State, Yellowhammer State, Heart of Dixie We Dare Defend Our Rights
Alaska Sitka spruce willow ptarmigan forget-me-not The Last Frontier North to the Future
Arizona paloverde cactus wren saguaro cactus blossom Grand Canyon State Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
Arkansas pine mockingbird apple blossom The Natural State, Land of Opportunity Regnat Populus (The People Rule)
California California redwood California valley quail golden poppy Golden State Eureka (I Have Found It)
Colorado Colorado blue spruce lark bunting Rocky Mountain columbine Centennial State Nil Sine Numine (Nothing Without Providence)
Connecticut white oak American robin mountain laurel Nutmeg State, Constitution State Qui Transtulit Sustinet (He Who Transplanted Still Sustains)
Delaware American holly blue hen chicken peach blossom First State, Diamond State Liberty and Independence
District of Columbia (Washington) scarlet oak woodthrush American Beauty rose — Justitia Omnibus (Justice For All)
Florida Sabal palm (cabbage palmetto) mockingbird orange blossom Sunshine State In God We Trust
Georgia live oak brown thrasher Cherokee rose Empire State of the South, Peach State Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation
Hawaii kukui (candlenut) nene (Hawaiian goose) hibiscus Aloha State Ua Mau Ke Ea O Ka Aina I Ka Pono (The Life of the Land Is Perpetuated in Righteousness)
Idaho western white pine mountain bluebird syringa Gem State Esto Perpetua (Let It Be Perpetual)
Illinois white oak cardinal native violet Prairie State, Land of Lincoln State Sovereignty, National Union
Indiana tulip tree (yellow poplar) cardinal peony Hoosier State Crossroads of America
Iowa oak eastern goldfinch wild rose Hawkeye State, Corn State Our Liberties We Prize and Our Rights We Will Maintain
Kansas cottonwood western meadowlark native sunflower Sunflower State, Jayhawker State Ad Astra Per Aspera (To the Stars Through Difficulties)
Kentucky Kentucky tulip poplar cardinal goldenrod Bluegrass State United We Stand, Divided We Fall
Louisiana bald cypress eastern brown pelican magnolia Pelican State, Creole State, Sugar State Union, Justice, Confidence
Maine eastern white pine chickadee white pine cone and tassel Pine Tree State Dirigo (I Direct)
Maryland white oak Baltimore oriole black-eyed Susan Free State, Old Line State Fatti Maschii, Parole Femine (Manly Deeds, Womanly Words)
Massachusetts American elm chickadee mayflower (trailing arbutus) Bay State, Old Colony State Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem (By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty)
Michigan white pine American robin apple blossom Wolverine State, Great Lake State Si Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice (If You Seek a Pleasant Peninsula, Look About You)
Minnesota red, or Norway, pine loon pink and white lady's slipper North Star State, Gopher State, Land of 10,000 Lakes, Land of Sky-blue Waters L'Étoile du Nord (The North Star)
Mississippi magnolia mockingbird magnolia Magnolia State Virtute et Armis (By Valor and Arms)
Missouri dogwood bluebird hawthorn Show Me State Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto (The Welfare of the People Shall Be the Supreme Law)
Montana ponderosa pine western meadowlark bitterroot Treasure State, Big Sky Country Oro y Plata (Gold and Silver)
Nebraska cottonwood western meadowlark goldenrod Cornhusker State, Beef State Equality Before the Law
Nevada single-leaf piñon mountain bluebird sagebrush Sagebrush State, Silver State, Battle Born State All For Our Country
New Hampshire white birch purple finch purple lilac Granite State Live Free or Die
New Jersey red oak eastern goldfinch purple violet Garden State Liberty and Prosperity
New Mexico piñon (nut pine) roadrunner yucca flower Land of Enchantment Crescit Eundo (It Grows As It Goes)
New York sugar maple bluebird rose Empire State Excelsior (Ever Upward)
North Carolina longleaf pine cardinal dogwood Tar Heel State, Old North State Esse Quam Videri (To Be Rather Than To Seem)
North Dakota American elm western meadowlark wild prairie rose Flickertail State, Sioux State, Peace Garden State, Rough Rider State Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
Ohio buckeye cardinal scarlet carnation Buckeye State With God, All Things Are Possible
Oklahoma redbud scissor-tailed flycatcher mistletoe Sooner State Labor Omnia Vincit (Labor Conquers All Things)
Oregon Douglas fir western meadowlark Oregon grape Beaver State She Flies With Her Own Wings
Pennsylvania hemlock ruffed grouse mountain laurel Keystone State Virtue, Liberty, and Independence
Rhode Island red maple Rhode Island red chicken violet Little Rhody, Ocean State Hope
South Carolina cabbage palmetto Carolina wren yellow jessamine Palmetto State Animis Opibusque Parati (Prepared in Mind and Resources)
South Dakota Black Hills spruce ring-necked pheasant pasqueflower Mount Rushmore State, Coyote State, Sunshine State Under God the People Rule
Tennessee tulip poplar mockingbird iris Volunteer State Agriculture and Commerce
Texas pecan mockingbird bluebonnet Lone Star State Friendship
Utah blue spruce seagull sego lily Beehive State Industry
Vermont sugar maple hermit thrush red clover Green Mountain State Freedom and Unity
Virginia flowering dogwood cardinal dogwood Mother of Presidents, The Old Dominion Sic Semper Tyrannis (Thus Always To Tyrants)
Washington western hemlock willow goldfinch western rhododendron Evergreen State, Chinook State Alki (By and By)
West Virginia sugar maple cardinal big rhododendron Mountain State Montani Semper Liberi (Mountaineers Are Always Free)
Wisconsin sugar maple robin wood violet Badger State, America's Dairyland Forward
Wyoming cottonwood meadowlark Indian paintbrush Equality State Equal Rights
*Unofficial.
See as table:

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Universalium. 2010.

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