/in"doh chuy"neuh/, n.a peninsula in SE Asia, between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea, comprising Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, W Malaysia, and Burma (Myanmar). Also called Farther India. Cf. French Indochina.
* * *or Indochinese PeninsulaRegion of mainland Southeast Asia.The term, now largely superseded by the name Southeast Asia, was used mainly by Westerners to describe the intermingling of Indian and Chinese cultural influences in the region. Indochinese Peninsula typically referred to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam (see French Indochina), though it was sometimes expanded to include Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and the mainland portion of Malaysia.
* * *also called (until 1950) French Indochina , French Indochine Françaisethe three states of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union. The term Indochina refers to the intermingling of Indian and Chinese influences in the culture of the region.After gradually establishing suzerainty over Indochina between 1858 and 1893, the French created the first Indochinese Union to govern it. Except in Cochinchina (French: Cochinchine), the southernmost portion of Vietnam, the original Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Laotian royal houses continued under a federal-type central government that had exclusive authority in foreign affairs, finance, defense, customs, and public works and was headed by a French governor-general responsible to the French minister for trade. In Cochinchina the administration was under a prefect and a French bureaucracy.In 1940 the Japanese occupied the Tonkin area of northern Vietnam and in the following year the rest of Indochina. But, except for Vietnam and the western provinces of Cambodia, which the Japanese ceded to their Thai ally, Indochina was unaffected by the Japanese invasion. The local French Vichy government was even allowed to remain in office until March 1945, when the Japanese interned the local French personnel and proclaimed the autonomous state of Vietnam.This regime collapsed after the Japanese surrender in August 1945, and in the north a party called the Viet Minh under the Vietnamese nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh at once proclaimed a Democratic Republic of Vietnam and assumed power. The monarchies in Laos and Cambodia hesitated to follow suit, and they were soon reoccupied by the French. The French then founded the Indochinese Federation, which was to be part of a new, greater French Union and in which the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was to be treated as an independent state. The French Union, however, was not established for several years, and then it provided for control of the area from Paris.The conflict known as the First Indochina War soon erupted, and, during a lull in the fighting in 1949–50, the French, in an attempt to retain their holdings in the area, ratified separate treaties that recognized Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia as independent, self-governing states within the French Union. Thus ended the conception that these states were united to form “French Indochina.” The leaders of the states were puppet rulers; real independence did not come to the region until after the Geneva Conference of 1954, which finally ended the fighting between the French and the Viet Minh.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Indochina — 1886 Indochina: Dark green: always included, Light green: usu … Wikipedia
Indochina — 1886 Der Begriff Indochina wurde erstmals von dem dänisch französischen Geographen Conrad Malte Brun (auch Malthe Konrad Bruun; 1775–1826) in seinem 1810 in Paris erschienenen Werk „Précis de la Géographie Universelle“ verwendet. Damit sollte der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Indochina — Indochina, s. Französisch Indochina … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Indochina — 1886, from Indo , comb. form of Gk. Indos India + CHINA (Cf. China). Name proposed early 19c. by Scottish poet and orientalist John Leyden, who lived and worked in India from 1803 till his death at 35 in 1811 … Etymology dictionary
Indochina — [in′dō chī′nə] 1. large peninsula south of China, including Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, & the Malay Peninsula 2. E part of this peninsula, formerly under French control, consisting of Laos, Cambodia, & Vietnam … English World dictionary
Indochina — En este artículo se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. La veracidad de su información está discutida. Requiere una revisión ortográfica y gramatical. P … Wikipedia Español
Indochina — Derived from Indochine française, a common label for French territories in Southeast Asia, Indochina included present day Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. French interest in the region dated to the establishment of the Compagnie de Chine in 1660.… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Indochina — Se denomina Indochina a la península ubicada al sur del continente asiático, situada entre la India y China. Actualmente esta formada por Camboya, Vietnam y Laos, Birmania, Myanmar y Tailandia. Esta ubicada aproximadamente entre los 25º de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Indochina — In|do|chi|na; s: (die heutigen Staaten Vietnam, Laos u. Kambodscha umfassendes) ehemaliges französisches Kolonialgebiet in Südostasien. * * * Ịndochina, Französisch Ịndochina, die im Zuge der französischen Kolonialexpansion in Asien 1887… … Universal-Lexikon
Indochina — In|do|chi|na a name given in the past to part of southeast Asia by Europeans. During the 19th century, Indochina included Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, and Laos, but in the 20th century Indochina came to mean the countries ruled … Dictionary of contemporary English