ko-


ko-
Stem of demonstrative pronoun meaning “this.” Oldest form *k̑o-, becoming *ko- in centum languages.
Derivatives include he1, et cetera, and behind.
I. Variant form *ki-.
1.
a. he1, from Old English , he;
b. him, from Old English him, him (dative of );
c. his, from Old English his, his (genitive of );
d. her, from Old English hire, her (dative and genitive of heo, she);
e. it, from Old English hit, it (neuter of );
f. here, from Old English hēr, here;
g. hence, from Old English heonane, heonon, from here. a-g all from Germanic *hi-.
2. Suffixed form *ki-tro-. hither, from Old English hider, hither, from Germanic *hi-thra-.
3. Suffixed form *ki-s. cis-, from Latin cis, on this side of.
II. Variant form *ke-.
1. Preposed in *ke-etero- (*e-tero-, a second time, again; see i-). et cetera, from Latin cēterus (neuter plural cētera), the other part, that which remains.
2. Postposed in Latin -ce (see nu-).
1. behind, hind1, from Old English behindan, in the rear, behind (bi, at; see ambhi).
2. hinterland, from Old High German hintar, behind.
3. hinder1, hindrance, from Old English hindrian, to check, hinder, from Germanic derivative verb *hindrōn, to keep back. 1-3 all from Germanic root *hind-, behind, attributed by some to this root (but more likely of obscure origin).
 
[Pokorny 1. ko- 609.]

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Universalium. 2010.


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