Southworth & Hawes

Southworth & Hawes

▪ American firm
 firm established by two American photographers who collaborated to produce some of the finest daguerreotypes (daguerreotype) of the first half of the 19th century. Albert Sands Southworth (b. March 12, 1811, West Fairlee, Vt., U.S.—d. March 3, 1894, Charlestown, Mass.) and Josiah Johnson Hawes (b. Feb. 20, 1808, East Sudbury [now Wayland], Mass., U.S.—d. Aug. 7, 1901, Crawford's Notch, N.H.) were especially known for portraits that captured the character of the sitter.

 Southworth was moderately wealthy and had attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass., before beginning a career as a pharmacist, whereas Hawes was an apprentice carpenter and amateur painter. Both men decided to become daguerreotypists when, in 1840, they independently viewed the first daguerreotype brought to the United States. They learned the process from François Gouraud, the U.S. agent of the French inventor Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (Daguerre, Louis-Jacques-Mandé), and in 1843 they opened a portrait studio together in Boston.

      Unlike most portrait daguerreotypists of the mid-19th century—who were often more concerned with the quantity of their sales than with the quality of their portraits—Southworth and Hawes avoided contrived poses and painted backdrops. Instead, they gave each customer personal attention, making spontaneous portraits that revealed the personality of the sitter. For example, Lemuel Shaw (Shaw, Lemuel), then chief justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court, was captured under a shaft of light that brought out rugged features that gave some sense of his dominant character. Southworth and Hawes were known for such creative use of light, which was in marked contrast to the bright, unflattering light then prevalent among daguerreotypists. They also developed methods that reduced exposure time, so as to avoid the stiff poses seen in most portraits of the time. The high quality of the work of Southworth and Hawes attracted many of the most prominent Americans of the day to their studio, including Senators Daniel Webster (Webster, Daniel) and Henry Clay (Clay, Henry) and the writer Harriet Beecher Stowe (Stowe, Harriet Beecher). The two men also made daguerreotypes of landscapes, cityscapes, and scenes that were not then accepted as proper subjects of photography, such as hospital operating rooms.

      In 1849 Southworth went to California in a futile attempt to find gold. When he returned to Boston, his failing health prevented him from working actively. In 1861 he ended his partnership with Hawes, who continued to photograph independently until his death.

Additional Reading
Robert A. Sobieszek and Odette M. Appel, The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862 (1976; also published as The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, 1980).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Southworth & Hawes — was an early photographic firm in Boston, 1843 1863. Its partners, Albert Sands Southworth (1811 1894) and Josiah Johnson Hawes (1808 1901), have been hailed as the first great American masters of photography, whose work elevated photographic… …   Wikipedia

  • Hawes (disambiguation) — Hawes is a small market town in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.Hawes may also refer to:Places*Hawes County, New South Wales, Australia *Hawes Township, Michigan, USA *Hawes Junction, the former name of Garsdale railway… …   Wikipedia

  • Southworth — Places= * Southworth, Washington unincorporated community on Puget Sound in Kitsap County, Washington. * Point Southworth on Kitsap Peninsula on the western side of the northern entrance to Colvos Passage in Puget Sound.People* E. D. E. N.… …   Wikipedia

  • Josiah Johnson Hawes — (ca.1845–1850) Josiah Johnson Hawes (* 1808 in East Sudbury (heute Wayland), Massachusetts; † 1901 in Boston) war ein US amerikanischer Fotopionier. Er und sein Partner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Sands Southworth — (ca.1845–1850) Albert Sands Southworth (* 1811 in West Farliegh, Vermont; † 1894) war ein US amerikanischer Fotopionier. Er und sein Partner Josiah Johnson Hawes gelten als die bedeutendsten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Southworth — Albert Sands Southworth (1811–94) was half of the important and influential Southworth Hawes daguerreotype studio, which he operated with Josiah Johnson Hawes (1808–1901) from 1843 to 1863.Southworth was a student of Samuel F.B. Morse, who, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Daguerreotype — 1840 1841 Camerae obscurae and plates for Daguerreotype called Grand Photographe produced by Charles Chevalier (Musée des Arts et Métiers) …   Wikipedia

  • photography, history of — Introduction       method of recording the image of an object through the action of light, or related radiation, on a light sensitive material. The word, derived from the Greek photos (“light”) and graphein (“to draw”), was first used in the… …   Universalium

  • Charles Morris (naval officer) — For other people named Charles Morris, see Charles Morris (disambiguation). Charles Morris Commodore Char …   Wikipedia

  • John Collins Warren — (August 1, 1778 – May 4, 1856), of Boston, was one of the most renowned American surgeons of the 19th century. In 1846 he gave permission to William T.G. Morton to provide ether anesthesia while Warren performed a minor surgical procedure. News… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»