Ritschl, F.W.

Ritschl, F.W.

▪ German scholar
in full  Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl  
born April 6, 1806, Grossvargula, near Erfurt, Prussia [now in Germany]
died Nov. 9, 1876, Leipzig, Ger.
 German classical scholar remembered for his work on Plautus and as the founder of the Bonn school of classical scholarship. Influenced by the textual criticism of the English and German classicists Richard Bentley and Gottfried Hermann, he made exhaustive studies that laid the scholarly foundations for research in archaic Latin. (Latin language)

      Following his education at the universities of Leipzig and Halle, Ritschl was professor at Halle (1832–33) and Breslau (1833–39). He traveled for a year in Italy (1836), gathering materials on Plautus with which he worked for the remainder of his life. He was later appointed professor of Latin at the University of Bonn (1839), and his research on Plautus attracted many students and stimulated Latin studies in Germany. He conceived of a new critical edition based on new manuscript evidence, and to this end he edited nine comedies of Plautus, Plauti Comoedia, 4 vol. (1848–54; incomplete), and an important prolegomena, Prolegomena de Rationibus Criticis Grammaticis Emendationis Plautinoe (1848; “Critical Grammatical Reasons for Correcting Plautus”). The complete text of Plautus' comedies was published in 1871–74 but contains only one translation by Ritschl, the Trinummus, the rest having been prepared by his pupils and collaborators.

      At Bonn, Ritschl published, with Theodor Mommsen, the Priscae Latinitatis Monumenta Epigraphica (1862; “Epigraphical Records of Ancient Latin”), an edition of Latin inscriptions from the earliest times to the end of the Roman Republic and a work that established Ritschl as one of the founders of modern epigraphy. He was named chief librarian at Bonn (1854) and director of the Museum of Antiquities of the Rhine. Ritschl resigned from Bonn (1865) after an academic quarrel with his colleague Otto Jahn and became professor at the University of Leipzig, where he remained until his death. His numerous studies, including papers on early Latin grammar and metre, and the manuscript tradition of Plautus, are collected in his Opuscula Philologica, 5 vol. (1867–79; “Philological Works”).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ritschl — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albrecht Ritschl (Theologe) (1822–1889), deutscher evangelischer Theologe Albrecht Ritschl (Wirtschaftshistoriker) (* 1959), deutscher Wirtschaftshistoriker Alexander Ritschl (1861 1945), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ritschl — may be*Albrecht Ritschl, theologian *Otto Ritschl, theologian and his son *Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl, classical scholar …   Wikipedia

  • Ritschl — Ritschl, 1) Friedrich Wilhelm, Philolog, geb. 6. April 1806 in Großvargula bei Erfurt, gest. 9. Nov. 1876 in Leipzig, studierte seit 1825 in Leipzig unter Hermann und seit 1826 in Halle unter Reisig, wurde 1829 Privatdozent und 1832… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ritschl — Ritschl, 1) Georg Karl Benjamin, geb. 1. November 1783 in Erfurt, studirte seit 1799 daselbst u. in Jena Theologie, wurde 1804 in Berlin Collaborator u. dann Subrector an der Kölnischen Schule u. 1810 Prediger an der St. Marienkirche, zugleich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ritschl — Ritschl, Albrecht, prot. Theolog, geb. 25 März 1822 zu Berlin, 1852 Prof. in Bonn, 1864 in Göttingen, gest. das. 20. März 1889; Begründer der sog. Ritschlschen Schule, die unter Ausscheidung der Metaphysik und Philosophie aus dem Bereich der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ritschl [2] — Ritschl, Friedr. Wilh., Philolog, geb. 6. April 1806 zu Großvargula in Thüringen, 1832 Prof. in Breslau, 1839 in Bonn, seit 1865 in Leipzig, gest. das. 9. Nov. 1876; Hauptwerk die (unvollendete) kritische Bearbeitung des Plautus (1848 71).… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ritschl — Ritschl, Friedr. Wilh., geb. 1806 zu Großvargula in Thüringen, seit 1839 Professor zu Bonn, ausgezeichneter Philolog, bekannt durch seine Bearbeitung des Plautus und seine Leistungen für latein. Epigraphik. – R., Albrecht, geb. 1822, Theolog, ist …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ritschl — Ritschl, Albrecht …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ritschl — Rịtschl,   1) Albrecht, evangelischer Theologe, * Berlin 25. 3. 1822, ✝ Göttingen 20. 3. 1889, Vetter von 2), Großvater von 3); war 1852 64 Professor in Bonn, ab 1864 in Göttingen. Zunächst von der Tübinger Schule (F. C. Baur) und damit von der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ritschl, Albrecht — ▪ German theologian born March 25, 1822, Berlin died March 20, 1889, Göttingen, Ger.       German Lutheran theologian who showed both the religious and ethical relevance of the Christian faith by synthesizing the teaching of the Scriptures and… …   Universalium


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»