- organic compound
Substance whose molecules contain one or more (often many more) carbon atoms (excluding carbonates, cyanides, carbides, and a few others; see inorganic compound).Until 1828 (see urea), scientists believed that organic compounds could be formed only by life processes (hence the name). Since carbon has a far greater tendency to form molecular chains and rings than do other elements, its compounds are vastly more numerous (many millions have been described) than all others known. Living organisms consist mostly of water and organic compounds: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, nucleic acids, hormones, vitamins, and a host of others. Natural and synthetic fibres and most fuels, drugs, and plastics are organic. Hydrocarbons contain only carbon and hydrogen; organic compounds with other functional groups include carboxylic acids, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, phenols, ethers, esters, and other, more complex, molecules, including heterocyclic compounds, isoprenoids, and amino acids.
* * *any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. The few carbon-containing compounds not classified as organic include carbides, carbonates, and cyanides. See chemical compound.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Organic compound — Methane is one of the simplest organic compounds An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon. For historical reasons discussed below, a few types of carbon… … Wikipedia
organic compound — organinis junginys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Anglies junginys su kitais elementais (išskyrus CO, CO₂, metalų karbonatus, karbidus). atitikmenys: angl. organic compound rus. органическое соединение … Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
organic compound — organinis junginys statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. organic compound vok. organische Verbindung, f rus. органическое соединение, n pranc. composé organique, m … Fizikos terminų žodynas
organic compound — compound derived from living material … English contemporary dictionary
organic compound — noun any compound of carbon and another element or a radical • Hypernyms: ↑compound, ↑chemical compound • Hyponyms: ↑aldehyde, ↑aliphatic compound, ↑alkylbenzene, ↑alkyl halide, ↑haloalk … Useful english dictionary
organic compound — noun Any compound containing carbon atoms covalently bound to other atoms. Ant: inorganic compound … Wiktionary
organic compound — a compound containing carbon, except for certain binary and ternary carbon compounds and metallic carbonates; see also inorganic c … Medical dictionary
Organic compound — Органическое соединение … Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии
Volatile organic compound — Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary, room temperature conditions. Their high vapor pressure results from a low boiling point, which causes large numbers of molecules to evaporate or… … Wikipedia
Volatile organic compound — Flüchtige organische Verbindungen (Abk.: VOC bzw. VOCs nach volatile organic compound[s]) ist die Sammelbezeichnung für organische, also kohlenstoffhaltige Stoffe, die leicht verdampfen (flüchtig sind) bzw. schon als Gas bei niedrigen… … Deutsch Wikipedia