Pontormo, Jacopo da


Pontormo, Jacopo da
orig. Jacopo Carrucci

born May 24, 1494, Pontormo, Republic of Florence
buried Jan. 2, 1557, Florence

Florentine painter.

The son of a painter, he was apprenticed to Leonardo da Vinci and later to Piero di Cosimo and Andrea del Sarto (who exerted the greatest influence on him). The agitated, almost neurotic emotionalism of his work reflects a departure from the balance and tranquillity of the High Renaissance. His expressive style is sometimes considered an early manifestation of Mannerism. Primarily a religious painter, he also did sensitive portraits and was employed by the Medici family to decorate their villa at Poggio a Caiano with mythological subjects.

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▪ Florentine artist
original name  Jacopo Carrucci  
born May 24, 1494, Pontormo, near Empoli, Republic of Florence [Italy]—buried Jan. 2, 1557, Florence

      Florentine painter who broke away from High Renaissance classicism to create a more personal, expressive style that is sometimes classified as early Mannerism.

      Pontormo was the son of Bartolommeo Carrucci, a painter. According to the biographer Giorgio Vasari, he was apprenticed to Leonardo da Vinci and afterward to Mariotto Albertinelli and Piero di Cosimo. At the age of 18 he entered the workshop of Andrea del Sarto, and it is this influence that is most apparent in his early works. In 1518 he completed an altarpiece in the Church of San Michele Visdomini, Florence, that reflects in its agitated—almost neurotic—emotionalism a departure from the balance and tranquillity of the High Renaissance. His painting of “Joseph in Egypt” (c. 1515), one of a series for Pier Francesco Borgherini, suggests that the revolutionary new style appeared even earlier.

      Pontormo was primarily a religious painter, but he painted a number of sensitive portraits and in 1521 was employed by the Medici Family to decorate their villa at Poggio a Caiano with mythological subjects. In the Passion cycle (1522–25) for the Certosa near Florence (now in poor condition), he borrowed ideas from Albrecht Dürer, whose engravings and woodcuts were circulating in Italy. His mature style is best exemplified in the “Deposition” painted soon after this for Santa Felicità, Florence.

      Pontormo became more and more of a recluse in later life. A diary survives from 1554 to 1557, but the important frescoes in San Lorenzo on which he worked during the last decade of his life are now known only from drawings; in these the influence of Michelangelo is apparent. Numerous drawings survive, and paintings are to be found in various galleries in Europe and America, as well as in Florence.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pontormo, Jacopo da — (Jacopo Carucci; 1494 1557)    Mannerist Florentine painter who studied under Leonardo da Vinci, Piero di Cosimo, and Andrea del Sarto. Pontormo s personal diary has survived and reveals that the man had a neurotic personality. At the end of his… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Pontormo, Jacopo da — orig. Jacopo Carrucci (24 may. 1494, Pontormo, República de Florencia–sepultado 2 ene. 1557, Florencia). Pintor florentino. Hijo de un pintor, fue aprendiz de Leonardo da Vinci y posteriormente de Piero di Cosimo y Andrea del Sarto (quien ejerció …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pontormo, Jacopo da — (1494 1556/7)    Florentine painter, as sociated with the mannerist reaction against the monumental spirit of High Renaissance art, even though his development was strongly influenced by the work of two of the greatest figures of the High Re… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • PONTORMO (Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo) — (1494 1557) Pontormo was the leading master of the Florentine Mannerist style of painting in the second quarter of the sixteenth century. Born in a small town outside Florence, Pontormo was trained primarily by Andrea del Sarto* in the High… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Pontormo — Jacopo Carrucci conocido como Jacopo da Pontormo El personaje de José de Arimatea en el cuadro El descendimiento de la Cruz se considera un autorretrato …   Wikipedia Español

  • PONTORMO — JACOPO CARUCCI dit (1495 1557) La redécouverte de Pontormo a montré que l’histoire de l’art, plus que tout autre discipline, dépend des conditions historiques dans lesquelles elle s’élabore et de l’évolution du goût. Dès Vasari, en effet,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacopo — may refer to: * Jacopo Bassano, Italian painter * Jacopo Comin, Italian painter otherwise known as Tintoretto * Jacopo Carucci, Italian painter otherwise known as Pontormo * Jacopo Corsi, Italian composer * Jacopo Peri, Italian composer * Jacopo… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacopo Carrucci Pontormo — Die Heimsuchung Mariä (Fresko) Jacopo Pontormo (* 24. Mai 1494 in Pontormo, heute ein Vorort von Empoli in der Provinz Florenz; † 2. Januar 1557 in Florenz; eigentlich Jacopo Carrucci) war ein italienischer Maler und neben Rosso Fiorentino,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacopo Pontormo — Die Heimsuchung Mariä (Fresko) Jacopo Pontormo (* 24. Mai 1494 in Pontormo, heute ein Vorort von Empoli in der Provinz Florenz; † 2. Januar 1557 in Florenz; eigentlich Jacopo Carrucci) war ein italienischer Maler und neben Rosso Fiorentino,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pontormo — Die Heimsuchung Mariä (Fresko) Jacopo Pontormo (* 24. Mai 1494 in Pontormo, heute ein Vorort von Empoli in der Provinz Florenz; † 2. Januar 1557 in Florenz; eigentlich Jacopo Carrucci) war ein italienischer Maler und neben Rosso Fiorentino,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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