Ivan VI


Ivan VI
Russian Ivan Antonovich

born Aug. 23, 1740, St. Petersburg, Russia
died July 16, 1764, Shlisselburg Fortress, near St. Petersburg

Infant emperor of Russia (1740–41).

The grandnephew of Empress Anna, Ivan was proclaimed her heir and then emperor, with his mother as regent, when he was only eight weeks old. In 1741 they were deposed by Elizabeth, daughter of Peter I, and for the next 20 years he remained in solitary confinement in various prisons. In 1764, when an army officer tried to free Ivan to restore him to power and remove Catherine II, who had seized the throne in 1762, Ivan was assassinated by his jailers.

* * *

▪ emperor of Russia
in full  Ivan Antonovich  
born Aug. 12 [Aug. 23, New Style], 1740, St. Petersburg, Russia
died July 5 [July 16], 1764, Shlisselburg Fortress, near St. Petersburg

      infant emperor of Russia in 1740–41.

      The son of Prince Anton Ulrich of Braunschweig-Bevern-Lüneburg and Anna Leopoldovna, the niece of Empress Anna (reigned in Russia 1730–40), Ivan Antonovich was named heir to the throne by the empress on Oct. 16 (Oct. 27), 1740, and proclaimed emperor the next day. The empress' favourite, Ernst Johann Biron, the Duke of Courland, became regent for him. Although Biron was overthrown by the vice-chancellor, Andrey Osterman, and Field Marshal Burkhard Christoph, Count von Münnich, three weeks later, Ivan remained the nominal ruler of Russia, and his mother was installed as regent.

      On Nov. 25 (Dec. 6), 1741, however, Elizabeth, the daughter of Emperor Peter I the Great (reigned in Russia 1682–1725), organized a group that opposed Anna Leopoldovna's foreign policy and her German advisers and deposed the regent, the ruling German clique, and Ivan VI. For the next 20 years Ivan remained in solitary confinement in various prisons. Although his mental and emotional development were thereby retarded, a second lieutenant of the Shlisselburg garrison, Vasily Yakovlevich Mirovich, tried in 1764 to free Ivan in order to remove Catherine II the Great, who had recently seized the throne (1762), and to restore him to power. In the course of Mirovich's mutiny, however, Ivan was assassinated by his jailers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ivan IV — ( Ivan the Terrible ) 1530 84, first czar of Russia 1547 84. * * * Russian Ivan Vasilyevich known as Ivan the Terrible born Aug. 25, 1530, Kolomenskoye, near Moscow died March 18, 1584, Moscow Grand prince of Moscow (1533–84) and first tsar of… …   Universalium

  • Ivan IV — de Russie Portrait d Ivan le Terrible par Viktor Vasnetsov, 1897 (Galerie Tretiakov, Moscou) Ivan IV Vassiliévitch (en russe : Иван IV Васильевич), dit Ivan le Terrible (en russe  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ivan — is a Slavic first name that etymologically corresponds to John.People*Ivan Asen I of Bulgaria *Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria *Ivan I of Russia *Ivan II of Russia *Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria *Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria *Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria *Ivan… …   Wikipedia

  • Ivan VI — de Russie Ivan VI Empereur de Russie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ivan — Ìvan DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. (Giovanni) ime 23 papa, (João) 6 portugalskih kraljeva (15 19. st.), (Jan) 3 poljska kralja (15 17. st.), (Jan) 1 češkog kralja (14. st.), 6 ruskih careva (14 18. st.), dva bugarska cara (12. i 13. st.), (Yves) 6… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ivan II — de Russie Иван II Иванович Красный Naissance 30 mars 1326 Décès 13 novembre 1359 Moscou Prédécesseur Siméon le fier S …   Wikipédia en Français

  • IVAN — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Ivan est : un prénom qui est la version slave (russe, bulgare, serbe) de Jean L acronyme du nom du jeu vidéo Iter Vehemens ad Necem Personnalités… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ivaň — Ivaň …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ivan V — de Russie Ivan V Ivan V, en russe Иоанн V Алексеевич, (né le 6 septembre 1666 mort le 8 février 1696). Fils d Alexis Ier dit « le tsar très paisible » (1629 1676) et de Maria Miloslavskaïa (1625 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iván — (Ivan) ► Nombre de varios monarcas de Rusia. ► Iván I Kalita (1304? 41) Principe de Moscú en 1328 41 y de Vladimir en 1331 41. Convirtió Moscú en el centro de toda Rusia ► Iván III, el Grande (1440 1505) Gran príncipe de Rusia en 1462 1505. Se le …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Iván — Administration …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.