Staunton


Staunton
/stan"tn/, n.
a city in N Virginia. 21,857.

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      city, seat (1738), of Augusta county (though administratively independent of it), north-central Virginia, U.S. It lies along the Shenandoah River, between Shenandoah National Park (east) and George Washington National Forest (west), 39 miles (63 km) northwest of Charlottesville. Settled by John Lewis in 1736 and laid out by his son, Thomas, in 1747, it was named for Lady Rebecca Staunton, wife of Sir William Gooch, a colonial governor of Virginia. From 1738 to 1770 it was the capital of what was then the Northwest Territory. During the American Revolution the Virginia legislature met for a brief period in Staunton's Trinity Episcopal Church, rebuilt in 1855 as the Old Trinity Church. Staunton became a transportation centre after the arrival of the Virginia Central Railroad in 1854. An important supply base during the American Civil War, the town was twice occupied by Union troops. Staunton was the first U.S. community to adopt the city-manager (city manager) plan of municipal government (1908).

      Staunton is a market and shipping point for fruit, poultry, cattle, grain, and vegetables. The city's diversified manufactures include medical supplies, razors, furniture, textiles, and air conditioners. Mary Baldwin College (1842) and the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind (1838) are in the city. President Woodrow Wilson (Wilson, Woodrow) was born in Staunton, and his birthplace, a Presbyterian manse (1846), was made a national shrine in 1941. Adjacent to the manse is the Woodrow Wilson Museum (1990). A memorial to Cyrus Hall McCormick (McCormick, Cyrus Hall), inventor of the mechanical reaper (1831), that includes his restored farm and workshop is nearby. Inc. town, 1801; city, 1871. Pop. (1990) 24,461; (2000) 23,853.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Staunton — ist der Name mehrerer Personen: George Leonard Staunton (1737–1801), britischer Reisender und Diplomat in West und Ostindien George Thomas Staunton (1781–1859), britischer Reisender und Sinologe Howard Staunton (1810–1874) , britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Staunton — Staunton, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 5030 Housing Units (2000): 2153 Land area (2000): 2.281585 sq. miles (5.909279 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.027373 sq. miles (0.070895 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.308958 sq. miles (5.980174… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Staunton, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 5030 Housing Units (2000): 2153 Land area (2000): 2.281585 sq. miles (5.909279 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.027373 sq. miles (0.070895 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.308958 sq. miles (5.980174 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Staunton, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 550 Housing Units (2000): 217 Land area (2000): 0.340774 sq. miles (0.882600 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.340774 sq. miles (0.882600 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Staunton, VA — U.S. city in Virginia Population (2000): 23853 Housing Units (2000): 10427 Land area (2000): 19.708131 sq. miles (51.043823 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 19.708131 sq. miles (51.043823 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Staunton [1] — Staunton (spr. Stahnt n), 1) Sir George Leonard, geb. um 1740 zu Galway in Irland, ließ sich als Arzt in London nieder, ging aber 1762 als Arzt nach Ostindien, wurde Secretär des Lord Macartney, ging mit demselben nach Madras, wo er sich bei den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Staunton [2] — Staunton (spr. Stahnt n), 1) S. River, Fluß im Staate Virginia (Nordamerika), entspringt auf den Alleghanies in der Grafschaft Montgomery, durchbricht die Blue Ridge u. vereinigt sich bei Clarksville in der Grafschaft Mecklenburg mit dem Dan… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Staunton [1] — Staunton (spr. ßtaont n), Fluß im nordamerikan. Staate Virginia, von den Alleghanies, durchbricht bei Roanoke die Blue Ridge und vereinigt sich nahe bei Clarksville mit dem Dan River zum Roanoke (s. d. 1) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Staunton [2] — Staunton (spr. ßtaont n), Stadt im nordamerikan. Staat Virginia, am Lewis Creek, einem Nebenflusse des Shenandoah, Bahnknotenpunkt, von Touristen viel besucht, mit Militärakademie und andern höhern Schulen, Irren , Taubstummen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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