Colima


Colima
/kaw lee"mah/, n.
1. a state in SW Mexico, on the Pacific Coast. 317,000; 2010 sq. mi. (5205 sq. km).
2. a city in and the capital of this state, in the E part. 72,074.
3. a volcano NW of this city, in Jalisco state. 12,631 ft. (3850 m).

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I
City (pop., 2000: 119,639), capital of Colima state, Mexico.

Located in west-central Mexico, it lies on the Colima River in the foothills of the Sierra Madre. Founded in 1522, it has played only a minor role in Mexican history because of its inaccessibility. Its industries centre on processing local agricultural products. It is the site of the University of Colima (1867).
II
State (pop., 2000: 542,627), western Mexico.

Covering 2,004 sq mi (5,191 sq km), which includes the Revillagigedo Islands, its capital is Colima city. Situated along the Pacific coast, most of the small state lies in the narrow coastal plain, beyond which it rises into the foothills of the Sierra Madre. The soil is generally fertile and productive, but a lack of transportation has impeded development. Agriculture is the principal occupation; livestock raising is important in the highlands.

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Mexico
      city, capital of Colima estado (state), west-central Mexico. It lies along the Colima River in the northeastern part of the state, in the Sierra Madre foothills some 1,700 feet (520 metres) above sea level. Founded close to the coast in 1523 by an envoy sent by the conquistador Hernán Cortés (Cortés, Hernán, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca), Colima was later moved to its present location. It was an early base for the Spanish conquest of the Pacific coastal plain, although it was subsequently overshadowed by Acapulco. In the 19th century it was connected by rail to Guadalajara and the port of Manzanillo. It is now also linked by highway. Industries centre on the processing of local agricultural products—cotton, rice, coconuts, bananas, and corn (maize)—together with salt refining, alcohol distilling, and the manufacture of shoes and leather goods. Tourists are attracted by the city's well-preserved colonial centre, by its lush tropical setting, and by its proximity to Nevado de Colima National Park, 25 miles (40 km) north. The city is the site of the University of Colima (founded 1940; reorganized 1962). Pop. (2000) city, 119,639; urban agglom., 210,766.

 estado (state), west-central Mexico. It is bounded by the states of Jalisco to the northwest and north and Michoacán to the east and by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. Colima city is the state capital.

      Most of Colima lies on a hot, humid coastal plain, but conditions are drier and cooler in the northeast, where the Armería and Coahuayana rivers descend from the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental and Nevado de Colima National Park, which the state shares with Jalisco. Colima also administers the Revillagigedo Islands, lying about 500 miles (800 km) off the coast.

      At the time of Spanish contact in 1522, Colima had been inhabited for several thousand years by indigenous populations. In 1523 the conquistador Hernán Cortés (Cortés, Hernán, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca) sent one of his captains to conquer the region, and he founded a town that was called Colima; it was later moved to its present location. The region of Colima became a state in 1823, two years after Mexico achieved independence.

      Colima is one of the smallest and least-populous Mexican states, but its population density is high. The vast majority of its residents live in the capital city and other urban areas, including Tecomán and coastal Manzanillo, a resort and fishing port. Agriculture is less important to the economy than it was in the past, although some communities still depend on cattle, rice, corn (maize), coffee, and other crops. Nearly one-fourth of the state's income derives from salt and food processing and other light manufacturing. A large share of the state's income and employment depends on the service sector, including banking, retail trade, tourism, and the government. The executive branch of state government is led by a governor, who is elected to a single term of six years. Members of the unicameral legislature, the State Congress, are elected to three-year terms. Colima is divided into local governmental units called municipios (municipalities), each of which is headquartered in a prominent city, town, or village.

      A railroad and a highway traverse the state, leading from Guadalajara and Mexico City through Colima city to Manzanillo. The state's cultural institutions include the University of Colima (founded 1940; reorganized 1962). Area 2,004 square miles (5,191 square km). Pop. (2000) 542,627; (2005) 567,996.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colima — • The city of Colima, the capital of the state of the same name in Mexico, is situated on the Colima River, at an altitude of 1400 feet, and was founded in the year 1522 by Gonzalo de Sandoval Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Colima… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Colima — es el nombre de un pequeño estado de México así como el de una ciudad y su capital. El estado se ubica en la costa oeste del territorio nacional y limita al norte con el estado de Jalisco, al sur con el estado de Michoacán y al oeste con el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Colima — bezeichnet einen Vulkan in Mexiko, siehe Colima (Vulkan) eine Spinnengattung Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Colima (Georgia) Colima (Kalifornien) in Mexiko: Colima (Stadt) Colima (Bundesstaat) Siehe auch: Colima Sperlingskauz (Glaucidium… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • colima — COLIMÁ, colimez, vb. I. intranz. (fiz.) A transforma un fascicul de raze divergent sau convergent într unul paralel. ♦ A determina, a viza o anumită direcţie. – Din lat. collimare. Trimis de hai, 28.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  colimá vb., ind. prez …   Dicționar Român

  • Colima — [kə lē′mə] 1. state of SW Mexico, on the Pacific: 2,106 sq mi (5,455 sq km); pop. 429,000 2. its capital: pop. c. 116,000 3. inactive volcano in Jalisco state, near the Colima border: c. 14,000 ft (4,267 m): in full Nevado de Colima [nə väd′ō de] …   English World dictionary

  • Colĭma — Colĭma, 1) Territorium im Westen der nordamerikanischen Föderativ Republik Merico; 1571/2 (QM; grenzt im SW. an den Stillen Ocean, im N. u. NO. an den Staat Xalisco, im O., SO. u. S. an Mechoacan. Eine von Hügelketten durchzogene Ebene, nur im NO …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cólima — Cólima, mexikan. Freistaat, zwischen 18°33 und 19°10 nördl. Br. (s. Karte »Mexiko«), von Jalisco, Michoacan und dem Stillen Ozean begrenzt, enthält mit den Revilla Gigedoinseln 6073 qkm und (1900) 65,026 Einw. (11,4 auf 1 qkm). An der Küste sind… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colima — Colīma, Staat der Republik Mexiko, an der Westküste, mit den Revilla Gigedo Inseln 5887 qkm, (1900) 65.115 E., im Innern gebirgig (Nevado de C. 4450 m, Pico de C. 3940 m). Die Hauptstadt C., 20.698 E.; Hafenplatz Puerto de C. oder Manzanillo …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Colima — Colima, mexik. Territorium am stillen Ocean, außerordentlich fruchtbar, größtentheils eben od. hügelig; im Nordosten erhebt sich jedoch der Pico de C., ein thätiger Vulcan, zu einer Höhe von 10000 . Hauptstadt ist C. mit 16000 E., ihr Hafen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Colima — This article is about the Mexican state. For its capital, see Colima, Colima. For other uses, see Colima (disambiguation). Colima Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima   State   …   Wikipedia

  • Colima — Para otros usos de este término, véase Colima (desambiguación). Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima Estado de México …   Wikipedia Español


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