coir


coir
/koyr/, n.
the prepared fiber of the husk of the coconut fruit, used in making rope, matting, etc.
[1575-85; < Malayalam kayaru cord; r. cairo < Pg < Tamil kayiru rope]

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▪ plant fibre
      seed-hair fibre obtained from the outer shell, or husk, of the coconut, the fruit of Cocos nucifera (coconut palm), a tropical plant of the Arecaceae (Palmae (palm)) family. The coarse, stiff, reddish brown fibre is made up of smaller threads, each about 0.01 to 0.04 inch (0.03 to 0.1 centimetre) long and 12 to 24 microns (a micron is about 0.00004 inch) in diameter, composed of lignin, a woody plant substance, and cellulose. Sri Lanka is the centre of coir preparation, with hand processing, believed to produce a superior fibre, concentrated in the southwestern part of the island.

      The processed fibres, ranging from about 4 to 12 inches (10 to 30 centimetres) in length, are light in weight, brittle, strong, and elastic, with a tendency to curl. They are resistant to abrasion and can be dyed. They are used to make brushes, are woven into matting, and are spun into yarns for marine cordage and fishnets.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Coir — Le coir malayalam kayaru, corde est le nom que l on donne a l épais mésocarpe fibreux entourant la noix de coco, fruit du Cocotier (Cocos Nucifera). Coir ? Le Coir représente les deux tiers de l enveloppe de la noix de coco, appelée aussi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • coir — ● coir nom masculin Synonyme de coco. ● coir (homonymes) nom masculin couard adjectif et nom masculin ● coir (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : coco coir n. m …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • coir — s. m. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  COIR s.m. 1. Plantă textilă exotică. 2. Fibră elastică extrasă din această plantă. [pron. coir. / < engl. coir]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 19.12.2004. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • Coir — (koir), n. [Tamil kayiru.] 1. A material for cordage, matting, etc., consisting of the prepared fiber of the outer husk of the cocoanut. Homans. [1913 Webster] 2. Cordage or cables, made of this material. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Coir — (Coirshanf), der verarbeitete Bast der Cocosnuß, daraus gefertigt ist das Coirtanwerk, s. u. Cocosnüsse …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Coïr — Coïr, soviel wie Kokosfaser, s. Cocos, S. 208 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Coïr — Coïr, s. Spinnfasern (pflanzliche) …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Coïr — Coïr, die Fasern der Kokosnuß (s. Kokospalme) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • coir — [kɔıə US kɔır] n [U] [Date: 1500 1600; : Tamil; Origin: kayivu rope ] the rough material that covers the shell of a ↑coconut, used for making ↑mats, ropes etc …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • coir — [ kɔır ] noun uncount thick rough fibers from the shell of a COCONUT, used for making ropes and covering floors …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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