coccidioidomycosis


coccidioidomycosis
/kok sid'ee oy'doh muy koh"sis/, n. Pathol.
a disease caused by inhaling spores of Coccidioides fungi, characterized by fever, respiratory infection, and reddish bumps on the skin, common in hot, semiarid regions, esp. in southwestern U. S. and Mexico. Also called cocci, desert fever, San Joaquin Valley fever, valley fever.
[1935-40; < NL Coccidioid(es) name of the genus (see COCCIDIUM, -OID) + -O- + MYCOSIS]

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also called  San Joaquin fever  or  Valley fever 
 an infectious disease caused by inhalation of spores of the fungus Coccidioides immitis. C. immitis can be found in the soil, and most infections occur during dry spells in semiarid regions of the southwestern United States, especially around the San Joaquin Valley, and in the Chaco region of Argentina; dust storms have caused outbreaks of the infection in humans.

      Coccidioidomycosis may be benign and self-limiting, or it may be progressive, spreading throughout the body. In about 50 percent of the cases of benign coccidioidomycosis there are no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they resemble symptoms of influenza or pneumonia: fever, chills, headache, severe pain in the joints, chest pain, and coughing. In a few instances after recovery there are solid lesions or cavities in the lungs. Disseminated coccidioidomycosis, or coccidioidal granuloma, is a progressive form of infection that can result in skin ulcers, many nodules or cavities in the lungs, widespread involvement of lymph nodes, lesions of the bones, and osteomyelitis (infection of the bone). meningitis is usually the immediate cause of death.

      Diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis is made by serologic tests or by culture of the organism. Most cases do not require treatment, but patients with widespread disease can be treated with amphotericin B. See also cryptococcosis.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • coccidioidomycosis — ☆ coccidioidomycosis [käk sid΄ē oi΄dō mī kō′sis ] n. [< ModL Coccidioides + MYCOSIS] an infectious disease of people and animals, caused by a fungus (Coccidioides immitis) and characterized by respiratory difficulties, fever, and, rarely, skin …   English World dictionary

  • Coccidioidomycosis — Coccidioïdomycose La coccidioïdomycose, également connu sous le nom de fièvre de la vallée (valley fever), fièvre de la vallée de San Joaquin, fièvre de la vallée de Californie ou encore fièvre du désert est une infection mycosique causée par le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • coccidioidomycosis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Coccidioides, genus of fungi (from coccidium) + mycosis Date: 1937 a disease especially of humans and domestic animals caused by a fungus (Coccidioides immitis) and marked especially by fever and pulmonary symptoms …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • coccidioidomycosis — (kok sid e oi do mi ko sis) A fungal disease caused by Coccidioides immitis that exists in dry, highly alkaline soils. Also known as valley fever, San Joaquin fever, or desert rheumatism …   Dictionary of microbiology

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  • coccidioidomycosis — n. disease which affects man and some animals and is caused by the spores of a certain fungus …   English contemporary dictionary


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