clan


clan
clanless, adj.
/klan/, n.
1. a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor: the Mackenzie clan.
2. a group of people of common descent; family: Our whole clan got together for Thanksgiving.
3. a group of people, as a clique, set, society, or party, esp. as united by some common trait, characteristic, or interest: a clan of actors and directors.
4. Anthropol.
a. the principal social unit of tribal organization, in which descent is reckoned exclusively in either the paternal or the maternal line.
b. a group of people regarded as being descended from a common ancestor.
[1375-1425; late ME (Scots) < ScotGael clann < OIr cland offspring < L planta scion, PLANT, perh. directly < Brit. Celtic; cf. Welsh plant children]

* * *

Kinship group based on actual or purported descent from a common ancestor, as traced through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line.

Clans are normally exogamous, marriage within the clan being regarded as incest. Clans may segment into subclans or lineages, and genealogical records and myths may be altered to incorporate new members who lack kinship ties with the clan. Clan membership may be useful in ensuring mutual support and defense as well as in the mediation of disputes over property rights and the mode of residence after marriage. Some clans express their unity by means of a common emblem. See also exogamy and endogamy.

* * *

▪ kinship group
 kin (kinship) group used as an organizational device in many traditional societies. Membership in a clan is traditionally defined in terms of descent from a common ancestor. This descent is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line. Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous (exogamy), or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. Clans may segment into subclans or lineages (lineage), and genealogical (genealogy) records or myths (myth) may be altered to incorporate new members who have no biological relation to the clan.

      Until the later 20th century, clans were a phenomenon of great interest to anthropologists (anthropology), but since then they have generally become less important in analyses of cultural organization. From a functional perspective, clans help to unify groups by cross-cutting other forms of social organization, such as the settlement, postmarital residence patterns, or age sets (age set). Allied clans generally have reciprocal relations, providing each other with mutual support and defense and with emotionally or financially taxing services such as funerals. Some clans express their unity in terms of the possession of a common emblem, which may represent the ancestral being or common origin of the members and, as such, is often an object of reverence.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • clan — clan …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Clan — clan …   Dictionary of sociology

  • CLAN — Dans son acception minimale, qui est aussi celle du langage courant, le terme «clan» désigne un groupement fondé sur la parenté: ses membres se reconnaissent descendants d’un même ancêtre. Cette signification fondamentale du clan en fait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • clan — clan·des·tine; clan·des·tine·ly; clan·des·tine·ness; clan·des·tin·i·ty; clan·gu·la; clan·jam·frey; clan·less; clan·nish; clan·ship; clan·wil·liam; cy·clan·thus; le·clan·ché; matri·clan; pat·ri·clan; cy·clan·de·late; clan; clan·nish·ness; …   English syllables

  • Clan So — Clan Sō Le clan Sō (宗氏 shi) était un clan du Japon médiéval qui a gouverné l île Tsushima de la période Kamakura à la période Edo les historiens pensent que le clan descend du clan Koremune, qui occupait le poste de dazaifu dans la province de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • clan — CLAN, clanuri, s.n. 1. Comunitate gentilică caracteristică comunei primitive, formată din oameni legaţi prin relaţii de rudenie şi de limbă. 2. (peior.) Clică. – Din fr. clan. Trimis de hai, 21.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  CLAN s. v. bandă. Trimis de …   Dicționar Român

  • Clan (TV) — Création 12 décembre 2005 Propriétaire Radio Televisión Española Slogan « Parte de ti » Format d image …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clan — (kl[a^]n), n. [Gael. clann offspring, descendants; akin to Ir. clann, cland, offspring, tribe, family; perh. from L. plania scion, slip, cutting. Cf. {Plant}, n.] 1. A tribe or collection of families, united under a chieftain, regarded as having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • clan — 1. (klan) s. m. En Écosse et en Irlande, parmi les Gaëls, tribu formée d un certain nombre de familles, régie par des coutumes déterminées, et ayant un chef appartenant à une famille éminente qui le fournit héréditairement. Un clan de montagnards …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • clan — s.m.inv. 1a. TS stor. presso i popoli gaelici, gruppo familiare i cui membri discendono in linea maschile da un progenitore comune: i clan scozzesi, il clan dei McDonald 1b. TS etnol. gruppo sociale chiuso, l appartenenza al quale si basa su… …   Dizionario italiano

  • clan — [klæn] n [Date: 1400 1500; : Scottish Gaelic; Origin: clann family, race, clan , from Old Irish cland new growth on a plant, offspring , from Latin planta; PLANT1] 1.) a large group of families that often share the same name ▪ the Campbell clan ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.