Calixtus II

Calixtus II
died 1124, French ecclesiastic: pope 1119-24.
Also, Callistus II.

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orig. Guido of Burgundy

died Dec. 13/14, 1124, Rome

Pope (1119–24).

As archbishop of Vienne in Lower Burgundy, he became known as an advocate of reform and an opponent of Holy Roman emperor Henry V. Elected pope in 1119, he condemned lay investiture and excommunicated Henry. They were later reconciled, and the Concordat of Worms (1122) ended the Investiture Controversy. Calixtus called the first Lateran Council (1123), which secured peace between church and empire for the next 35 years. His bull Etsi Judaeis (1120) protected Roman Jews.

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pope
also spelled  Callistus,  original name  Guido, or Guy, Of Burgundy,  French  Gui, or Guy, De Bourgogne 
died Dec. 13/14, 1124, Rome [Italy]

      pope from 1119 to 1124.

      A son of Count William I of Burgundy, he was appointed archbishop of Vienne, in Lower Burgundy, in 1088. He became well known as a spokesman of a reform party within the church and as a foe of the policy of the Holy Roman emperor Henry V. When Pope Gelasius II died at Cluny, Calixtus was elected by the cardinals there to succeed him. He held a synod at Reims that condemned lay investiture and excommunicated Henry and the antipope Gregory VIII (Gregory (VIII)). In 1120 Calixtus was able to enter Rome in triumph. The German princes soon forced Henry to reconcile with Calixtus, and the Concordat of Worms (Worms, Concordat of) (1122), which terminated the investiture controversy, reserved for the pope all spiritual rights in the appointment of bishops. Calixtus called the first Lateran Council (1123), which ratified the Concordat, securing peace between church and empire for the next 35 years. His bull Etsi Judaeis (1120) gave a considerable measure of protection to Roman Jews.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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  • Calixtus — is the name of three popes, * Calixtus I (217 222) * Calixtus II (1119–1124) * Calixtus III (1455–1458)There is also * George Calixtus, a Lutheran theologian …   Wikipedia

  • Calixtus — Calixtus, Name von vier Päpsten. 1) C. I. (eigentlich Callistus), Bischof von Rom, 217–222, soll nach der Mitteilung seines Gegners Hippolytus (s.d.) Sklave eines christlichen Beamten gewesen, dann in unehrenhafte Geldgeschäfte verwickelt und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calixtus — Calixtus. I. Päpste: 1) St. C. I., 219 bis 223 (222), starb als Märtyrer; Tag: 14 Oct. 2) C. II., eigentlich Guido, Graf von Burgund, vorher Erzbischof von Vienne u. päpstlicher Legat in Frankreich, regierte 1119–1124; unter ihm wurde der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Calixtus — Calixtus, 4 Päpste [s. Beilage: ⇒ Päpste]. – C. II., 1119 24, endigte 1122 den Investiturstreit durch Abschluß des Wormser Konkordats mit Kaiser Heinrich V. – Vgl. Maurer (2 Bde., 1886 89). – C. (III.), Kardinalbischof von Tusculum, von Kaiser… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calixtus [2] — Calixtus, Georg, eigentlich Callisen, luth. Theolog, geb. 14. Dez. 1586 zu Medelbye (Schleswig), 1614 Prof. der Theologie zu Helmstedt, 1636 Abt von Königslutter, gest. 19. März 1656, veranlaßte durch seine Bemühungen um die Einigung der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calixtus — Calịxtus,   Kalịxt, Päpste:    1) Calịxtus I. (217 222), eigentlich Kallịstus, ✝ Rom 222; ursprünglich Sklave; dann Diakon einer Begräbnisstätte, der späteren Kallistkatakombe. Als Bischof von Rom wurde Calixtus von dem Presbyter Hippolyt,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • CALIXTUS I — I. CALIXTUS I. Monachus in Monte Athos, Isidoro successit, A. c. 1350. seditque ann. 4. Cantracuz. l. 4. c. 26. II. CALIXTUS I. Romanus, post Zephyrinum martyrem, Episcopus Romanus. Impertratô Severi indulagentiâ Christiapis locô. ubi prius… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • CALIXTUS II — I. CALIXTUS II. Angelo Corrario, in eodem munere, successit. A. c. 1406. per ann. 13. Item Antipapa a Friderici Imperator. amicis, Alexandro III. oppositus, Calixti III. nomen accepit, A. C. 1170. II. CALIXTUS II. Gallus, prius Guido, fil.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Calixtus, S. (2) — 2S. Calixtus, (14. Oct.), römischer Papst. S. S. Callistus5 …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon


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