/brunz"wik/, n.1. a former state of Germany: now part of Lower Saxony in Germany.2. a city in Lower Saxony, in N central Germany. 247,800.3. a town in NE Ohio. 27,689.4. a city in SE Georgia. 17,605.5. a town in SW Maine. 17,366. German, Braunschweig (for defs. 1, 2).
* * *IFormer duchy, central Germany.A possession of the Welf family, the duchy of Brunswick-Lüneberg was created by Emperor Frederick II and included the lands surrounding the town of Brunswick (founded late 9th century). The electorate of Hanover was included in 1692; its rulers established the English royal house of Hanover. The duchy became part of the German Empire in 1871 and a German state after 1919. After World War II the region was incorporated into the state of Lower Saxony. The city of Brunswick (pop., 2002 est.: 245,500) is today an important industrial centre.II(as used in expressions)New Brunswick University ofOtto of Brunswick
* * *city, seat (1777) of Glynn county, southeastern Georgia, U.S. It lies on St. Simons Sound and the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, about 75 miles (120 km) southwest of Savannah. Mark Carr, a friend of Georgia colony founder James Edward Oglethorpe, established a tobacco plantation in the 1740s on the site (then known as Plug Point) across from Fort Frederica (1736) on St. Simons Island; the fort became the southernmost British outpost in North America after King George's War (1744–48). Brunswick, founded in 1771 by Georgia's Royal Provincial Colonial Council, was named for the ancestral home in Germany of England's then-reigning house of Hanover (Hanover, House of). During the American Civil War the city was evacuated in 1862, but it was reoccupied the following year by the Confederates, who repulsed the only Union attack on it.Brunswick's deepwater port supports thriving seafood and shipping industries. Naval stores, pulp and wood products, and tourism based on the nearby Golden Isles (St. Simons, Little St. Simons, Jekyll, and Sea islands) are also important to its economy. Coastal Georgia Community College, founded as Brunswick College in 1961, has an enrollment of about 2,000, and Glynn Academy (1788) in the city is the second oldest high school in the state. Fort Frederica National Monument (established 1945) preserves the site of the old fort. Also nearby are Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge (north) and Cumberland Island National Seashore (south). The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center is at Glynco, 6 miles (10 km) north. Inc. 1856. Pop. (1990) 16,433; (2000) 15,600.town, Cumberland county, southwestern Maine, U.S., at the falls of the Androscoggin River, 26 miles (42 km) northeast of Portland. First known as Pejepscot, the town originated in 1628 as a trading post, but Indian hostility retarded its early development. Growth began with its incorporation as a township in 1717, when it was named for the duchy of Brunswick, to which the king of England belonged. Control of municipal affairs by town meetings open to all registered voters continued until 1969, when a council-town manager government was adopted. The falls of the Androscoggin River furnished power for lumber and cotton milling and the manufacture of paper, textiles, and other products, but the closing of the last mill in 1955 ended the textile era. Manufactures now include shoes, composites, and candles. Bowdoin College was founded there in 1794; the Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum on its campus displays memorabilia of explorers Robert E. Peary (Peary, Robert Edwin) and Donald B. MacMillan, who are Bowdoin alumni. The Brunswick Naval Air Station, established during World War II, was reactivated in 1951. The town is the site of the Stowe House (1807), where Harriet Beecher Stowe (Stowe, Harriet Beecher) wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). Facilities for both summer and winter recreation are nearby. Inc. 1739. Area 47 square miles (121 square km). Pop. (1990) 20,906; (2000) 21,172.
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Brunswick — may refer to:Places;Australia * Brunswick, Victoria, suburb of Melbourne;Canada * New Brunswick, Canadian province * Mount New Brunswick, Yukon Territory * Brunswick Mountain aka Mount Brunswick, North Shore Mountains, British Columbia;Chile *… … Wikipedia
Brunswick — Brunswick, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 179 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 0.592848 sq. miles (1.535469 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.592848 sq. miles (1.535469… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Brunswick — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Datos básicos Estado: Baja Sajon … Wikipedia Español
BRUNSWICK — (Ger. Braunschweig), city and former duchy in Germany. Jews were living in the duchy at the beginning of the 12th century, and in 1137 the emperor gave jurisdiction over them to the duke. The only specific information concerning the Jews living… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Brunswick — (en alemán Braunschweig), ciudad de Baja Sajonia (Alemania), a orillas del río Oker. * * * Brunswick, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, duque de Ducado y estado ant. del N de Alemania, hoy incluido en la Baja Sajonia. Tomó su nombre de la ciudad de… … Enciclopedia Universal
BRUNSWICK — Centre géographique de la Basse Saxe, Brunswick (Braunschweig en allemand) en est une ville importante par sa population, estimée à 259 127 hab. en 1992, et par son économie. Les bombardements ont détruit son vieux noyau urbain, dans lequel seuls … Encyclopédie Universelle
BRUNSWICK (C. G. F. de) — BRUNSWICK CHARLES GUILLAUME FERDINAND duc de (1735 1806) Prince libéral et cultivé, le duc de Brunswick, qui s’est déjà distingué pendant la guerre de Sept Ans, passe depuis la mort de son oncle, Frédéric II, pour le plus illustre guerrier de son … Encyclopédie Universelle
Brunswick, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 15600 Housing Units (2000): 6952 Land area (2000): 17.218480 sq. miles (44.595657 sq. km) Water area (2000): 7.975632 sq. miles (20.656792 sq. km) Total area (2000): 25.194112 sq. miles (65.252449 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Brunswick, MD — U.S. city in Maryland Population (2000): 4894 Housing Units (2000): 1957 Land area (2000): 2.105617 sq. miles (5.453522 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.020021 sq. miles (0.051855 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.125638 sq. miles (5.505377 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Brunswick, ME — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maine Population (2000): 14816 Housing Units (2000): 6192 Land area (2000): 12.579159 sq. miles (32.579870 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.458165 sq. miles (3.776631 sq. km) Total area (2000): 14.037324 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Brunswick, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 925 Housing Units (2000): 536 Land area (2000): 1.190858 sq. miles (3.084307 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.052920 sq. miles (0.137063 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.243778 sq. miles (3.221370 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places