bore


bore
bore1
boreable, borable, adj.
/bawr, bohr/, v., bored, boring, n.
v.t.
1. to pierce (a solid substance) with some rotary cutting instrument.
2. to make (a hole) by drilling with such an instrument.
3. to form, make, or construct (a tunnel, mine, well, passage, etc.) by hollowing out, cutting through, or removing a core of material: to bore a tunnel through the Alps; to bore an oil well 3000 feet deep.
4. Mach. to enlarge (a hole) to a precise diameter with a cutting tool within the hole, by rotating either the tool or the work.
5. to force (an opening), as through a crowd, by persistent forward thrusting (usually fol. by through or into); to force or make (a passage).
v.i.
6. to make a hole in a solid substance with a rotary cutting instrument.
7. Mach. to enlarge a hole to a precise diameter.
8. (of a substance) to admit of being bored: Certain types of steel do not bore well.
n.
9. a hole made or enlarged by boring.
10. the inside diameter of a hole, tube, or hollow cylindrical object or device, such as a bushing or bearing, engine cylinder, or barrel of a gun.
[bef. 900; ME; OE borian; c. OHG boron, ON bora, L forare]
Syn. 1. perforate, drill. 10. caliber.
bore2
/bawr, bohr/, v., bored, boring, n.
v.t.
1. to weary by dullness, tedious repetition, unwelcome attentions, etc.: The long speech bored me.
n.
2. a dull, tiresome, or uncongenial person.
3. a cause of ennui or petty annoyance: repetitious tasks that are a bore to do.
[1760-70; of uncert. orig.]
Syn. 1. fatigue, tire, annoy.
Ant. 1. amuse; thrill, enrapture.
bore3
/bawr, bohr/, n.
an abrupt rise of tidal water moving rapidly inland from the mouth of an estuary.
Also called tidal bore.
[1275-1325; ME bare < ON bara wave]
bore4
/bawr, bohr/
v. pt. of BEAR1.

* * *

▪ firearms
      in weaponry, the interior of the barrel of a gun or firearm. In guns that have rifled barrels, e.g., rifles, pistols, machine guns, and artillery or naval guns, the diameter of the bore is termed the calibre. (The term “calibre” also designates the outside diameter of the projectile or ammunition used in the gun.) In these weapons, the calibre is normally obtained by measuring between the faces of opposite lands (i.e., the ridges between the grooves in the barrel). In the traditional Anglo-U.S. system, calibre (or caliber) is measured in inches for cannons and hundredths of an inch for small guns. Thus the bore diameter of a .30-calibre rifle is 30/100 of an inch, and that of a .50-calibre weapon is 1/2 inch. In Great Britain it has been common practice to carry the figure to another decimal point, as in the calibre .303 Lee-Enfield rifle, which was widely used in both World Wars. In the armed forces of both Britain and the United States, however, the trend since 1950 has been to follow the metric system, in which millimetres and occasionally centimetres are the units of measurement. The use of this system allowed NATO weapons of various makes and national origins to use ammunition of standardized size. In comparing the two systems, a rifle or pistol with a calibre of 7.62 mm corresponds to one of calibre .30 in the old Anglo-U.S. system.

      The measurement of the bore in shotguns (shotgun) is expressed in terms of gauge. The gauge of a shotgun originally was expressed as the number of round lead balls of bore diameter necessary to make a total weight of one pound. Thus, if eight lead balls of bore diameter added up to one pound, the shotgun was designated an eight-gauge gun. The smaller the gauge number, therefore, the larger the bore. Gauge, however, later became standardized in terms of diameter and no longer relates directly to the original method of determination. Under this standardized system, a 12-gauge shotgun has a bore diameter of .729 inch.

      The word calibres (always in the plural) has also been used by some navies to indicate the length of big guns in relation to their bore diameter. The number of calibres is determined by dividing the length of the bore (from muzzle to breech face) by the bore diameter. Thus a gun with a bore diameter of 5 inches and a length of 200 inches is said to be 40 calibres long.

▪ tidal current
also called  Tidal Bore,  

      body of water that, during exceptionally high sea tides, rushes up some rivers. Traveling upstream about two or three times as fast as the normal tidal current, a bore usually is characterized by a well-defined front of one or several waves, often breaking, followed by the bore's main body, which rises higher than the water level at its front. The height of the bore is greater near the banks of a river than at midstream. Because of momentum, some bores continue to move upstream for about one-half hour after high water. Not arising in estuaries, tidal bores are formed at a position a short distance upstream, where the river channel has become sufficiently narrow or shallow to concentrate the momentum of the rising tide. Bores occur at spring tides and at several tides preceding and following spring tides but never at neap tides. The formidable tidal bore that occurs on the lower Seine in France between Rouen and the sea is known as the Mascaret.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • BORE — Le bore est l’élément chimique de symbole B et de numéro atomique Z = 5. Bien que sa chimie soit mal connue et en pleine évolution, les emplois de ses dérivés sont anciens, nombreux et importants. Au début du Moyen Âge, on importait en Europe du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bore — bore; bore·cole; bore·dom; bore·mat·ic; bore·scope; bore·some; bore·tree; hel·le·bore; wild·bore; coun·ter·bore; bore·some·ly; …   English syllables

  • Bore — may refer to:* Bore (engine), the diameter of a cylinder in a piston engine * Bore (wind instruments), the interior chamber of a wind instrument * Bore (woreda), a district of Ethiopia that includes the town of Bore * Bore, Italy * Gauge (bore… …   Wikipedia

  • Bore — Bore, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bored}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Boring}.] [OE. borien, AS. borian; akin to Icel. bora, Dan. bore, D. boren, OHG. por?n, G. bohren, L. forare, Gr. ? to plow, Zend bar. [root]91.] 1. To perforate or penetrate, as a solid body,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bore — Bore, v. i. 1. To make a hole or perforation with, or as with, a boring instrument; to cut a circular hole by the rotary motion of a tool; as, to bore for water or oil (i. e., to sink a well by boring for water or oil); to bore with a gimlet; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bore — ‘make a hole’ [OE] and bore ‘be tiresome’ [18] are almost certainly two distinct words. The former comes ultimately from an Indo European base *bhor , *bhr , which produced Latin forāre ‘bore’ (whence English foramen ‘small anatomical opening’),… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • bore — ‘make a hole’ [OE] and bore ‘be tiresome’ [18] are almost certainly two distinct words. The former comes ultimately from an Indo European base *bhor , *bhr , which produced Latin forāre ‘bore’ (whence English foramen ‘small anatomical opening’),… …   Word origins

  • Bore — steht für: ein stark ausgeprägte Gezeitenwelle das Laufquerschnittsvolumen (engl. bore) einer Feuerwaffe, siehe Liste der Feuerwaffen Fachbegriffe Bore (Emilia Romagna), eine Gemeinde in der italienischen Provinz Parma Bore (Äthiopien), Stadt im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bore — bore1 [bôr] vt. bored, boring [ME boren < OE borian, to bore < bor, auger < IE base * bher , to cut with a sharp point > Gr * pharein, to split, L forare, to bore, ferire, to cut, kill] 1. to make a hole in or through with a drill or… …   English World dictionary

  • Bore — (b[=o]r), n. 1. A hole made by boring; a perforation. [1913 Webster] 2. The internal cylindrical cavity of a gun, cannon, pistol, or other firearm, or of a pipe or tube. [1913 Webster] The bores of wind instruments. Bacon. [1913 Webster] Love s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bore —   [indisch »Flut«] die, / n, Sprungwelle, eine Gezeitenwelle mit fast senkrechtem vorderem Fluthang, die besonders bei Springflut in trichterförmig verengte Flussmündungen stromauf dringt, z. B. die Bore im Severn (Südwestengland), die Mascaret… …   Universal-Lexikon


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