Bantam


Bantam
/ban"teuhm/; Du. /bahn tahm"/, n.
a village in W Java, in S Indonesia: first Dutch settlement in the East Indies.

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Former city and sultanate, Java.

It was located at the western end of Java between the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean. In the early 16th century it became a powerful Muslim sultanate, which extended its control over parts of Sumatra and Borneo. Invaded by the Dutch, Portuguese, and British, it ultimately recognized Dutch sovereignty in 1684. The city was Java's most important port for the European spice trade until its harbour silted up in the late 18th century. It suffered severely from the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883.

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▪ former city, Indonesia
Bahasa Indonesia  Banten 

      former city and sultanate of Java, Indonesia. It lay near the site of present-day Banten, on Banten Bay, at the extreme northwest of the island, just north of Serang. Now in ruins, Bantam was the most important Javanese port for the spice trade with Europe from the 16th century until the end of the 18th, when its harbour silted up. Its site is now more than 1 mile (1.6 km) from the sea. Ruined buildings include the Pakuwonan palace (1680), Fort Speelwijk, and several mosques, the oldest of which dates from 1562. Under Dutch occupation Bantam was the westernmost residency of Java, comprising the districts of Pandeglang, Serang, and Lebak. The people of the region are still known for their fervid devotion to Islām. Bantam fowl were erroneously thought to have originated there.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bantam — may refer to:* Bantam (chicken), a small (or miniaturized) domestic chicken * Bantam (adjective) an adjective used to suggest that the subject is powerful despite its diminutive size Places* Bantam, Connecticut, United States * Bantam (city), a… …   Wikipedia

  • bantam — ⇒BANTAM, subst. et adj. I. Subst., AVICULTURE. Poule ou coq de très petite taille. Emploi adj. Poule, coq bantam; race bantam. II. Emploi subst. apposé avec valeur adj., p. métaph., BOXE, vx. Qui appartient à la catégorie des poids coq. Poids… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bantam — bántam adj. f., pl. bántame Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  BÁNTAM s.n. 1. Rasă de găini pitice, originare din insula Djawa. 2. (Box) Categoria cocoş (boxeri cu o greutate între 51 şi 54 kg.) [< engl. bantam].… …   Dicționar Român

  • Bantam — Bantam, CT U.S. borough in Connecticut Population (2000): 802 Housing Units (2000): 376 Land area (2000): 1.010797 sq. miles (2.617953 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.010797 sq. miles (2.617953 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bantam, CT — U.S. borough in Connecticut Population (2000): 802 Housing Units (2000): 376 Land area (2000): 1.010797 sq. miles (2.617953 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.010797 sq. miles (2.617953 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • bantam — [ban′təm] n. [after Bantam, former Du residency in Java] 1. any of various small, domestic fowls 2. a small but aggressive person adj. like a bantam; small and aggressive …   English World dictionary

  • Bantam — Ban tam, n. A variety of small barnyard fowl, with feathered legs, probably brought from Bantam, a district of Java. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bantam — 1749, after Bantam, former Dutch residency in Java, from which the small domestic fowl were said to have been first imported. Extension to small person is 1837. As a light weight class in boxing, it is attested from 1884, probably from the birds …   Etymology dictionary

  • bantam — ► NOUN ▪ a chicken of a small breed. ORIGIN apparently named after the province of Bantam in Java …   English terms dictionary

  • Bantam — Bantam, 1) niederländische Provinz westlich auf der Insel Java, 150 QM., 250,000 Ew.; Berg Karang; reich an Pfeffer, Holz; sonst eigenes Reich, gehört aber seit 1803 den Niederländern; Hauptstadt Ceram (Sirong), s.d.; 2) Bai darin; 3) früher… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bantam — Bantam, niederländ. Residentschaft auf Westjava, mit den Inseln der Sundastraße 7906 qkm. Der nördliche Teil ist eine Ebene, auf die südlich das urwaldbedeckte Hügelland Kandang folgt. Die vulkanischen Kegel Karang (1900 m) und Pulasari (1275 m)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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