Anzio


Anzio
/an"zee oh'/; It. /ahn"tsyaw/, n.
a town in Italy, S of Rome on the Tyrrhenian coast: site of Allied beachhead in World War II. 23,421.

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Seaport and resort town (pop., 2001 prelim.: 36,468) southeast of Rome, Italy.

It was founded, according to legend, by Anteias, son of Odysseus and Circe. It was a stronghold of the Volsci in the 5th century BC. Conquered by Rome in 338 BC, Antium (as it was then known) became a resort for wealthy Romans. Nero and Caligula were born there. Destroyed by the Saracens in the 9th–10th centuries, it remained virtually deserted until 1698, when Pope Innocent XII built a new port nearby. In 1944 it was the scene of a bloody but successful amphibious landing by Allied forces during World War II.

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Italy
Latin  Antium  

      town, Roma province, Lazio (Latium) region, Italy, on a peninsula jutting into the Tyrrhenian Sea. Of uncertain origin, it was founded, according to legend, by Anteias, son of the Greek chieftain Odysseus, and the enchantress Circe. It was a stronghold of the Volsci, an ancient people prominent in the 5th century BC, and was older than Rome, which conquered it in 338 BC. Antium became an all-season resort where many wealthy Romans owned villas. Augustus, the first Roman emperor, was proclaimed “father of the Roman nation” there, and the emperors Caligula and Nero were born there. A key commercial centre under the Volsci, its importance increased after AD 59, when Nero built a port there. The town was destroyed by the Saracens in the early European Middle Ages and was virtually deserted until a new port to the east of the old one was built by Pope Innocent XII in 1698.

      Anzio was the scene of heavy fighting late in World War II. On January 22, 1944, the Allies achieved what probably was the most complete tactical surprise of the war by landing in excess of 36,000 troops and 3,000 vehicles before midnight, securing a beachhead only 37 miles (60 km) from Rome. However, the Allied force took so long—most of a week—to consolidate its position that German Field Marshal Albert Kesselring (Kesselring, Albert) was able to surround the beachhead, keeping its eventual force of six Allied divisions penned there while he mounted a succession of massive attacks on them during February. Only in late May, when Kesselring withdrew most of his troops, were the Allies able to break out of the beachhead (May 25); then the Allied force greatly facilitated the advance on Rome and its capture. Casualties during the four-month operation approximated 25,000 for the Allies and 30,000 for the Axis forces.

      Anzio's extensive Roman remains include the ruins of the port, a theatre, and Nero's villa, where valuable works of art, including the famous Greek statue of Apollo Belvedere, were found.

      Anzio is now a seaside resort with long sandy beaches and a small port for yachts and fishing boats. It is connected with the main Rome–Naples railway by a branch line from Campoleone. Fishing is the chief industry; there is also a frozen fish processing plant and a soap and detergent factory. Pop. (2001 prelim.) 36,952.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anzio — Anzio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anzio — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anzio — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Anzio Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anzĭo — (Porto d Anzio), Fischerstädtchen in der ital. Provinz Rom, am Mittelländischen Meer an der Stelle des alten Antium (s. d.) und an der Eisenbahn Rom Cecchina Nettuno gelegen, hat einen von Papst Innocenz XII. angelegten, durch einen teilweise… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anzio — (Población(2003): 36,400) es una ciudad ubicada en la costa de la región del Lazio, Italia, a unos 53 kilómetros al sur de Roma. Actualmente es una ciudad turística con una hermosa bahía, y es punto de salida de ferrys e hidroplanos a las islas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Anzio — Anzĭo, das alte Antium, Fischerstadt und Badeort in der ital. Prov. Rom, den Borghese gehörend, (1901) 3561 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anzio — [an′zē ō΄; ] It [ än′tsyō̂] port on the W coast of Italy, south of Rome: pop. 31,000: site of Allied beachhead (Jan., 1944) in the invasion of Italy in WWII …   English World dictionary

  • Anzio — Infobox CityIT img coa = Anzio stemma.png official name = Comune di Anzio region = Lazio province = Rome elevation m = 3 area total km2 = 43.43 population as of = December 31, 2004 population total = 46074 population density km2 = 1011 timezone …   Wikipedia

  • Anzio — Ạnzio,   Badeort und Hafenstadt in der Provinz Rom, Italien, südlich der Tibermündung, 37 200 Einwohner. Anzio, die altlatinische, von Volskern bewohnte Küstenstadt Ạntium, wurde 338 v. Chr. von den Römern endgültig erobert und zur Kolonie… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Anzio — Original name in latin Anzio Name in other language Ancio, Antium, Anzio, antsuAnzioio, Анцио, Анціо State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 41.44749 latitude 12.62707 altitude 13 Population 36952 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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