Algonquin


Algonquin
/al gong"kin, -kwin/, n., pl. Algonquins, (esp. collectively) Algonquin for 1, 3, adj.
n.
1. a member of a group of North American Indian tribes formerly along the Ottawa River and the northern tributaries of the St. Lawrence.
2. their speech, a dialect of Ojibwa, of the Algonquian family of languages.
3. Algonquian.
adj.
4. Algonquian.
Also, Algonkin.
[1615-25; < F; earlier Algoumequin, presumably < an Algonquian language]

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people
 North American Indian tribe of closely related Algonquian-speaking bands originally living in the dense forest regions of the valley of the Ottawa River and its tributaries in present-day Quebec and Ontario, Can. The tribe should be differentiated from the Algonquian (Algonquian languages) language family, as the latter term refers to a much larger entity composed of at least 24 tribes of Northeast Indians (Northeast Indian) and Plains Indians (Plains Indian).

 Traditionally, Algonquin people shared many cultural traits with the tribes flanking them on the east, the Innu, and with the Ojibwa to the west. Before colonization by the French, Dutch, and English, the Algonquin were probably organized in bands of patrilineal extended families. Each band resided in a semipermanent longhouse village during the summer, tending gardens of corn (maize), fishing, and collecting wild plant foods. During the winter, bands dispersed across the landscape to hunt terrestrial mammals. In the spring, some Algonquin bands tapped maple trees to make syrup. Military activities, particularly skirmishes with warriors from the Iroquois Confederacy, occurred throughout the year.

      During colonization, the Algonquin became heavily involved in the fur trade. As the first tribe upriver from Montreal, they had a strategic market advantage as fur trade intermediaries; in addition to trading pelts they obtained directly from the hunt, the Algonquin traded corn and furs from tribes in the North American interior for French manufactured goods.

      Algonquin descendants numbered more than 5,000 in the early 21st century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • algonquin — algonquin, ine [ algɔ̃kɛ̃, in ] adj. et n. VAR. vx algonkin, ine • 1612; de l algonquin algumakin « où l on pêche au harpon » ♦ Qui appartient à la tribu indienne du Canada portant ce nom. La nation algonquine. ⇒ iroquois. Les langues algonquines …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Algonquin — Lugar designado por el censo de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Algonquin — Algonquin, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 23276 Housing Units (2000): 7952 Land area (2000): 9.832020 sq. miles (25.464813 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.163586 sq. miles (0.423687 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.995606 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Algonquin, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 23276 Housing Units (2000): 7952 Land area (2000): 9.832020 sq. miles (25.464813 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.163586 sq. miles (0.423687 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.995606 sq. miles (25.888500 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Algonquin, MD — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maryland Population (2000): 1361 Housing Units (2000): 606 Land area (2000): 1.067079 sq. miles (2.763721 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.048084 sq. miles (5.304512 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.115163 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Algonquin — one of an Indian people living near the Ottawa River in Canada, 1620s, from Fr. Algonquin, perhaps a contraction of Algoumequin, from Micmac algoomeaking at the place of spearing fish and eels. But Bright suggests Maliseet (Algonquian)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Algonquin — Al*gon quin, Algonkin Al*gon kin, n. One of a widely spread family of Indians, including many distinct tribes, which formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of North America. The name was originally applied to a group of Indian… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Algonquin — (also Algonkin) ► NOUN 1) a member of an American Indian people living in Canada along and westwards of the Ottawa River. 2) the Algonquian language of this people. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to this people. ORIGIN French, from a Micmac word meaning… …   English terms dictionary

  • Algonquin — [al gäŋ′kin, al gän′kin, al gäŋ′kwin, al gän′kwin] n. [Fr, earlier Algoumequin < ? an Algonquian place or group name] 1. a member of an Algonquian people living near the Ottawa River, Canada 2. a dialect of Ojibwa spoken by this people 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • Algonquin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Algonquin (homonymie). Algonquin Anicinapemiȣin / Anishinàbemiwin [1] Omâmiwininimowin Parlée au Canada Région Québ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Algonquin — Infobox Ethnic group group=Algonquin poptime=11,000 popplace=Quebec, Ontario langs=French, English, Algonquin rels=Midewiwin related= Abnaki, Innu, Anicinàpek (Nipissing, Ojibwa, Mississaugas, Saulteaux, Odawa and Potawatomi)The Algonquins (or… …   Wikipedia


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