Adolf


Adolf
/ad"olf, ay"dolf/; Ger. /ah"dawlf/, n.
a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "noble" and "wolf."
Also, Adolph, Adolphe, Adolphus /euh dol"feuhs/.

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(as used in expressions)
Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von
Eichmann Karl Adolf
Galland Adolf Joseph Ferdinand
Oscar Gustaf Adolf
Hitler Adolf
Krebs Sir Hans Adolf
Loos Adolf
Meyer Adolf
Nordenskiöld Nils Adolf Erik Frihere baron
Reinhardt Adolf Frederick
Carl Adolf von Sydow

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▪ grand duke of Luxembourg
also called  Adolf, Duke (Herzog) von Nassau , in full  Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich 
born July 24, 1817, Biebrich, Nassau [Germany]
died Nov. 17, 1905, Hohenberg, Württemberg, Ger.

      duke of Nassau from 1839 to 1867, who, as grand duke of Luxembourg from 1890 to 1905, was the first ruler of that autonomous duchy.

      The son of Duke William of Nassau-Weilburg and Charlotte of Saxony, Adolf became duke of Nassau upon his father's death (1839). Educated in Vienna and a military supporter of the Habsburgs, he sided with Austria against Prussia in the Seven Weeks' War (over hegemony in German affairs); and, upon the defeat of Austria (1866), Nassau was annexed by Prussia. He formally abdicated as duke of Nassau (Sept. 9, 1867) and was granted 8,500,000 thalers and a few castles as compensation. He served as regent of Luxembourg for King William III of The Netherlands in 1889; when the male line of Orange-Nassau ended with William III's death (1890) and the personal union between Luxembourg and The Netherlands ceased, the grand duchy reverted, according to the 1783 Nassau Succession Agreement, to him as the head of the ducal house of Nassau-Weilburg. Ruling until his death, he was succeeded by his son, Grand Duke William IV.

▪ king of Germany
also called  Adolf, Count (Graf) Von Nassau  
born c. 1250
died July 2, 1298, Göllheim, near Worms [Germany]
 German king from May 5, 1292, to June 23, 1298, when he was deposed in favour of his Habsburg opponent, Albert I.

      Adolf, who was count of Nassau from 1277 and a mercenary soldier of repute, was chosen king at Frankfurt by the German electors, who preferred him to Albert as successor to Albert's father, Rudolf I, the first Habsburg king. After his coronation at Aachen on June 24, 1292, Adolf had to face exorbitant demands by his electors and the hostility of Albert, who as duke of Austria commanded great financial and territorial resources.

      Adolf seized Meissen as a vacant fief and purchased the right of succession in Thuringia from the landgrave Albert. His alliance with King Edward I of England against France (Aug. 24, 1294) brought him a cash subsidy, which he spent in defeating the landgrave's disinherited sons, Frederick the Dauntless and Dietzmann (Dietrich). The German electors, alarmed by Adolf's growing power, decided to transfer the crown to Albert, with whom they had been negotiating. Albert's large army was present at Mainz when the sentence of deposition was pronounced. Adolf attempted to regain the throne in battle against his rival's superior forces but was defeated and killed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adolf I. — Adolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Adolf 1.1 Adolf I. 1.2 Adolf II./III. 1.3 Adolf IV. VII. 1.4 Adolf VIII. XI. 2 A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf II. — Adolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Adolf 1.1 Adolf I. 1.2 Adolf II./III. 1.3 Adolf IV. VII. 1.4 Adolf VIII. XI. 2 A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf IV. — Adolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Adolf 1.1 Adolf I. 1.2 Adolf II./III. 1.3 Adolf IV. VII. 1.4 Adolf VIII. XI. 2 A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf V. — Adolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Adolf 1.1 Adolf I. 1.2 Adolf II./III. 1.3 Adolf IV. VII. 1.4 Adolf VIII. XI. 2 A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf VI. — Adolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Adolf 1.1 Adolf I. 1.2 Adolf II./III. 1.3 Adolf IV. VII. 1.4 Adolf VIII. XI. 2 A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf — oder Adolph ist ein männlicher Vorname und Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name stammt aus dem Althochdeutschen und ist zusammengesetzt aus adal (edel, vornehm) und wolf (Wolf). Dies kann zusammen als „edler Wolf“ oder „Edelwolf“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf — (Adolph), altdeutscher Name, so v.w. Edelwolf; merkwürdig sind: I. Deutscher Kaiser: 1) A. von Nassau, 2. Sohn des Grafen Walram IV. von Nassau, geb. zwischen 1250 u. 1255, folgte seinem Vater in Nassau, erwarb sich unter Rudolf von Habsburg… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Adolf — (entstanden aus dem got. Ataulf), 1) A. von Nassau, deutscher König, Sohn des Grafen Walram von Nassau, geboren um 1255, gest. 2. Juli 1298, ein tapferer und gebildeter Ritter, ward nach dem Tode Rudolfs von Habsburg von den Kurfürsten 5. Mai… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adolf — (der edle Helfer) von Nassau, zweiter Sohn des Grafen Walram, von 1292–98 deutscher König, von den Fürsten gewählt, weil er eine sehr unbedeutende Hausmacht hatte. Adolf wollte aber die Königswürde benützen, um eine Hausmacht zu gründen und… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Adolf — Adolf, Adolph althochdeutscher Ursprung, Bedeutung: edler Wolf. Der Name wurde nach 1945 in Deutschland wegen Adolf Hitler kaum noch vergeben. Namensträger: Adolf Muschg, schweizerischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch namen

  • Adolf — m German: composed of the Germanic elements adal noble + wolf wolf. This form of the name was first introduced into Britain by the Normans, displacing the Old English cognate Æthelwulf, but it did not become at all common until it was… …   First names dictionary


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