- European Court of Justice
(also the Court of Justice of the European Communities)
the court of law of the European Union since 1958. Its base is in Luxembourg, with judges from each of the member countries. It interprets EU law and decides when individual member countries have broken that law.Compare European Court of Human Rights.
* * *Judicial branch of the European Union (EU), established in 1958 to ensure the observance of international agreements negotiated by predecessor organizations of the EU. Headquartered in Luxembourg, it reviews the legality of the acts of EU executive bodies and rules on cases of civil law between member states or private parties.It can invalidate the laws of EU members when they conflict with EU law. Its bench, which is appointed by member governments, consists of 25 judges and 8 advocates-general. Prior to 2004, the ECJ met as a full chamber for all cases, but it now may sit as a "grand chamber" of 11 judges. See also International Court of Justice.
* * *also called Court of Justice of the European Communitiesthe judicial branch of the European Union (EU). Its headquarters are in Luxembourg. The ECJ originated in the individual courts of justice established in the 1950s for the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Economic Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community. The function of these courts was to ensure the observance of law in those organizations' interpretation and application of their treaties. In 1958 a single, unified ECJ was created to serve all three of the European Communities (later called the European Community). In 1989 the Court of First Instance was established to reduce the court's workload.The ECJ reviews the legality of the acts of the Commission and the Council of Ministers of the EU, which are the executive bodies of that organization. The court typically hears cases involving disputes between member states over trade, antitrust, and environmental issues, as well as issues raised by private parties, compensations for damages, and so on. The court has the power to invalidate the laws of EU member states when those laws conflict with EU law. The ECJ serves as the final arbiter of the growing body of international law that has accompanied the economic and political integration of Europe. The court's full bench consists of 25 judges, who are appointed to renewable 6-year terms, and 8 advocates-general. Prior to 2004, the ECJ met as a full chamber for all cases, but it now may sit as a “grand chamber” of 11 judges.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
European Court of Justice — Court of Justice of the European Communities or European Court of Justice the principal court of the European Union, charged with ensuring that in the interpretation and application of the treaties the law is observed. It is a collegiate body and … Law dictionary
European Court of Justice — ˌEuropean ˌCourt of ˈJustice noun LAW one of the institutions of the European Union, that explains and decides the meaning of European law, decides if member states have broken the law, and deals with complaints from people and organizations that … Financial and business terms
European Court of Justice — noun The court of the European Union whose jurisdiction covers the hearing of disputes on issues of European Union law • • • Main Entry: ↑European European Court of Justice An EU institution whose function is to ensure that the laws embodied in… … Useful english dictionary
European Court of Justice — Not to be confused with the European Court of Human Rights, the court of the Council of Europe. ECJ redirects here. For the collective judicial institutions of the European Union, see Court of Justice of the European Union. For other uses, see… … Wikipedia
European Court of Justice — European Court of Jus|tice, the the court of law for the ↑EU (=the European Union) , based in Luxembourg … Dictionary of contemporary English
European Court of Justice — (ECJ) The Court is based in Luxembourg and is not to be confused with the European Court (the body which has responsibility for enforcing the European Convention on Human Rights), which is located in Strasbourg. It rules on matters of European … Glossary of UK Government and Politics
European Court of Justice — in Luxembourg, is a European Union institution dealing exclusively with disputes involving member states. European Organization for Nuclear Research is more commonly called CERN (from Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
(the) European Court of Justice — the European Court of Justice [the European Court of Justice] (also the Court of Justice of the European Communities) the court of law of the ↑ … Useful english dictionary
List of European Court of Justice rulings — The following is a list of notable judgments of the European Court of Justice. Principles of Community Law Primacy * Costa v ENEL 6/64  ECR 585Community law takes precedence over the Member States own domestic law.*Simmenthal II 106/77… … Wikipedia
the European Court of Justice — UK US noun LAW, POLITICS ► an organization of the European Union, formed of one judge from each member country, that decides on the laws that all its members should follow. It has the power to change decisions made by a national courts … Financial and business terms