Bonnie and Clyde


Bonnie and Clyde
a pair of young US criminals, Bonnie Parker (1911–34) and Clyde Barrow (1909–34). They met in 1932 and robbed banks and murdered 12 people in the south-western US before being shot dead by police in Louisiana. Their story was made romantic in the film Bonnie and Clyde (1967) with Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty in the main parts.

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in full Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow

born March 24, 1909, Telico, Texas, U.S.
died May 23, 1934, near Gibsland, La.

born Oct. 1, 1910, Rowena, Texas, U.S.
died May 23, 1934, near Gibsland, La.

U.S. criminals.

After Barrow spent time in prison (1930–32), he and Parker began a 21-month crime spree, robbing gas stations, restaurants, and small-town banks in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Missouri and murdering a number of people. Their exploits received wide coverage in the press. Betrayed by a friend, they were ambushed by police officers along a highway in Gibsland, La.; as they attempted to flee, police opened fire, killing them. Their exploits inspired numerous books and films.

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▪ American criminals
Respectively,
 
born October 1, 1910, Rowena, Texas, U.S.
died May 23, 1934, Gibsland, Louisiana
born March 24, 1909, Telico, Texas, U.S.
died May 23, 1934, Gibsland, Louisiana

      robbery team that became notorious in the United States through their flamboyant encounters with police and the sensationalization of their exploits by the country's newspapers.

      Barrow had been a criminal long before he met Parker in January 1930. After 20 months in prison in 1930–32, he teamed up with Parker, and the two began a crime spree that lasted 21 months. Often working with confederates—including Barrow's brother Buck and Buck's wife, Blanche, as well as Ray Hamilton and W.D. Jones—Bonnie and Clyde, as they were popularly known, robbed gas stations, restaurants, and small-town banks—their take never exceeded $1,500—chiefly in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Missouri.

      In December 1932 the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) learned of an abandoned automobile in Michigan that had been stolen in Oklahoma. A search in Oklahoma of a second stolen car linked both automobiles to Barrow and Parker through a prescription bottle that had been filled for Barrow's aunt. Further investigation led the FBI to issue a warrant against the couple for interstate transportation of the second stolen automobile on May 20, 1933. During that year Barrow and Parker engaged in several shootouts with police. In November 1933 police in Dallas, Texas, attempted to capture them near Grand Prairie, but they escaped. In January 1934 in Waldo, Texas, they helped engineer the escape of five prisoners, during which two guards were killed. On April 1, 1934, Barrow and Parker murdered two police officers in Grapevine, Texas, and five days later they killed a police constable in Miami, Oklahoma, and kidnapped a police chief. They were eventually betrayed by a friend, and police officers from Texas and Louisiana ambushed the couple along a highway in Gibsland, Louisiana, on May 23, 1934. After they attempted to flee the roadblock, police opened fire, killing them.

 The legendary quality of Barrow's and Parker's careers is not difficult to understand, given the extreme desperation of the times. Their crime spree occurred at the height of the Great Depression, which hit particularly hard in states such as Oklahoma. Several bank robbers during this period became famous as “ Robin Hood” figures who struck back against the banks, which many people viewed as oppressive. The duo was depicted in the highly successful 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde, which spread the Bonnie and Clyde myth beyond the United States and helped to promote a kind of “gangster chic,” especially in fashion, in Europe and Japan.

John Philip Jenkins
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bonnie And Clyde — (album) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonnie and Clyde. Bonnie and Clyde Album par Serge Gainsbourg Sortie 1968 Durée 30:11 …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Bonnie and Clyde — For other uses, see Bonnie and Clyde (disambiguation). Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie and Clyde in March 1933, in a photo found by police at the Joplin, Missouri hideout. Clyde B …   Wikipedia

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  • Bonnie and Clyde (film) — Infobox Film | name = Bonnie and Clyde image size = 225px caption = film poster by Tom Chantrell director = Arthur Penn producer = Warren Beatty writer = David Newman Robert Benton Uncredited: Robert Towne Warren Beatty starring = Warren Beatty… …   Wikipedia

  • Bonnie and Clyde (album) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonnie and Clyde. Bonnie and Clyde Album par Serge Gainsbourg Sortie 1968 Durée 30:11 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bonnie and Clyde (film) — …   Википедия

  • The story of Bonnie and Clyde — Titre original The Story of Bonnie and Clyde Réalisation Tonya S. Holly Acteurs principaux Kevin Zegers Hilary Duff Langue(s) originale(s) anglais Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde — Infobox Single Name = The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde Artist = Georgie Fame from Album = B side = Beware of the Dog Released = 1967 Format = 7 Recorded = 1967 Genre = R B Length = 1:59 Label = CBS (CBS 3124) Writer = Mitch Murray Peter Callander… …   Wikipedia


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