deru-


deru-
Also dreu-. To be firm, solid, steadfast; hence specialized senses “wood,” “tree,” and derivatives referring to objects made of wood.
Derivatives include tree, trust, betroth, endure, and druid.
1. Suffixed variant form *drew-o-.
a. tree, from Old English trēow, tree, from Germanic *trewam;
b. truce, from Old English trēow, pledge, from Germanic *treuwō.
2. Variant form dreu-.
a. true, from Old English trēowe, firm, true;
b. trow, from Old English trēowian, trūwian, to trust;
c. trig1, from Old Norse tryggr, firm, true;
d. troth, truth; betroth, from Old English trēowth, faith, loyalty, truth, from Germanic abstract noun *treuwithō;
e. trust, from Old Norse traust, confidence, firmness, from Germanic abstract noun *traustam;
f. tryst, from Old French triste, waiting place (< “place where one waits trustingly”), probably from a source akin to Old Norse denominative treysta, to trust, make firm. a-f all from Germanic *treuwaz.
3. Variant form *drou-. tray, from Old English trēg, trīg, wooden board, from Germanic *traujam.
4. Suffixed zero-grade form *dru-ko-.
a. trough, from Old English trog, wooden vessel, tray;
b. trug, from Old Norse trog, trough. Both a and b from Germanic *trugaz.
5. Suffixed zero-grade form *dru-mo-.
a. trim, from Old English trum, firm, strong;
b. shelter, from Old English truma, troop. Both a and b from Germanic *trum-.
6. Variant form *derw-. tar1, from Old English te(o)ru, resin, pitch (obtained from the pine tree), from Germanic *terw-.
7. Suffixed variant form *drū-ro-. dour, duramen, duress, durum; dura mater, endure, indurate, obdurate, from Latin dūrus, hard (many of whose English derivatives represent a semantic cross with Latin dūrāre, to last long; see deuə-).
8. Lengthened zero-grade form *drū-. drupe, dryad; dryopithecine, germander, hamadryad, from Greek drūs, oak.
9. Reduplicated form *der-drew-, dissimilated with suffix in *der-drew-on. dendro-, dendron; philodendron, rhododendron, from Greek dendron, tree.
10. druid, from Latin druides, druids, probably from Celtic compound *dru-wid-, “strong seer” (*wid-, seeing; see weid-), the Celtic priestly caste.
11. O-grade form *doru-. deodar, from Sanskrit dāru, wood, timber.
 
[Pokorny deru- 214.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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