yaksha


yaksha

▪ Hindu mythology
also spelled  Yaksa,  Sanskrit  masculine singular Yakṣa, feminine  singular  Yakṣī, or Yakṣinī, 

      in the mythology of India, a class of generally benevolent nature spirits who are the custodians of treasures that are hidden in the earth and in the roots of trees. Principal among the yakshas is Kubera (q.v.), who rules in the mythical Himalayan kingdom called Alakā.

      Yakshas were often given homage as tutelary deities of a city, district, lake, or well. Their worship, together with popular belief in nagas (serpent deities), feminine fertility deities, and mother goddesses, probably had its origin among the early Dravidian peoples of India. The yaksha cult coexisted with the priest-conducted sacrifices of the Vedic period, and continued to flourish during the Kuṣāna period.

      In art, sculptures of yakshas were among the earliest of deities, apparently preceding images of the bodhisattvas and of Brahmanical deities, whose representation they influenced. They were the prototypes also for the attendants of later Hindu, Buddhist, and Jaina art.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yaksha — (Sanskrit यक्ष, IAST|yakṣa , yakkha in Pāli ) is the name of a broad class of nature spirits, usually benevolent, who are caretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the earth and tree roots.cite web url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article… …   Wikipedia

  • Yaksha — aus Mathura, 1. 2. Jhd. n. Chr. Yaksha (Sanskrit: Yakṣa; Pali: Yakkha) ist die Bezeichnung einer weitläufigen Klasse von Naturgeistern oder Göttern niederen Ranges im Hinduismus und Buddhismus. Die weibliche Form dieser Wesen wird Yakṣī/Yakkhī… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yaksha — Yak sha, n. [Skr.] (Hindoo Myth.) A kind of demigod attendant on Kuvera, the god of wealth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Yaksha —   [ jakʃa; Sanskrit »Gestalt«, »Gespenst«] der, / s oder Yak|shini, weibliche Form Yạkshi, schon in vorvedischer Zeit im alten Indien verehrte volkstümliche Berg oder Baumgottheit, Fruchtbarkeitsdämon, Schutzgeist. Im Hinduismus sind die Yakshas …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yaksha — Rouleau grec soutenu par un Yaksha indien, Amaravati, IIIe siècle, Musée national de Tōkyō. Yaksha (Sanskrit यक्ष, yakṣa , yakkha en Pāli) est le nom d’une grande classe d’esprits de la nature, habituellement bienveillants, qui sont les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • yaksha — (fem. yakshi)    In the VEDA a yaksha was a deity or divinity. Later the term designated certain semidivine beings. These yakshas could change form at will; they lived in caves, mountains, forests, trees, bodies of water, and even magic cities in …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • YAKSHA —    a species of gnome in the Hindoo mythology …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • yakshá — यक्ष …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yāksha — याक्ष …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yakshá-tā — यक्षता …   Indonesian dictionary


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