Waugh, Evelyn


Waugh, Evelyn

▪ English author
in full  Evelyn Arthur St. John Waugh 
born October 28, 1903, London, England
died April 10, 1966, Combe Florey, near Taunton, Somerset
 English writer regarded by many as the most brilliant satirical novelist of his day.

      Waugh was educated at Lancing College, Sussex, and at Hertford College, Oxford. After short periods as an art student and schoolmaster, he devoted himself to solitary observant travel and to the writing of novels, soon earning a wide reputation for sardonic wit and technical brilliance. During World War II he served in the Royal Marines and the Royal Horse Guards; in 1944 he joined the British military mission to the Yugoslav Partisans. After the war he led a retired life in the west of England.

      Waugh's novels, although their material is nearly always derived from firsthand experience, are unusually highly wrought and precisely written. Those written before 1939 may be described as satirical. The most noteworthy are Decline and Fall (1928), Vile Bodies (1930), Black Mischief (1932), A Handful of Dust (1934), and Scoop (1938). A later work in that vein is The Loved One (1948), a satire on the morticians' industry in California.

      During the war Waugh's writing took a more serious and ambitious turn. In Brideshead Revisited (1945) he studied the workings of providence and the recovery of faith among the members of a Roman Catholic landed family. (Waugh was received into the Roman Catholic Church in 1930.) Helena, published in 1950, is a novel about the mother of Constantine the Great, in which Waugh re-created one moment in Christian history to assert a particular theological point. In a trilogy—Men at Arms (1952), Officers and Gentlemen (1955), and Unconditional Surrender (1961)—he analyzed the character of World War II, in particular its relationship with the eternal struggle between good and evil and the temporal struggle between civilization and barbarism.

      Waugh also wrote travel books; lives of Dante Gabriel Rossetti (Rossetti, Dante Gabriel) (1928), Edmund Campion (Campion, Saint Edmund) (1935), and Ronald Knox (Knox, Ronald) (1959); and the first part of an autobiography, A Little Learning (1964). The Diaries of Evelyn Waugh, edited by Michael Davie and first published in 1976, was reissued in 1995. A selection of Waugh's letters, edited by Mark Amory, was published in 1980.

Additional Reading
Biographies include Christopher Sykes, Evelyn Waugh (1975); Martin Stannard, Evelyn Waugh, 2 vol. (1986–92); Selina Hastings, Evelyn Waugh (1994, reissued 2002); John Howard Wilson, Evelyn Waugh: A Literary Biography (1996– ); Douglas Lane Patey, The Life of Evelyn Waugh: A Critical Biography (1998), perhaps the finest biography; and David Wykes, Evelyn Waugh: A Literary Life (1999). Martin Stannard (ed.), Evelyn Waugh: The Critical Heritage (1984, reprinted 1997), collects reviews of both first and later editions. Alain Blayac (ed.), Evelyn Waugh: New Directions (1992); Frederick L. Beaty, The Ironic World of Evelyn Waugh (1992); and George McCartney, Evelyn Waugh and the Modernist Tradition (1987, reprinted 2004), are critical studies.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Waugh, Evelyn — ► (1903 66) Novelista británico. En su obra predomina la intención crítica. Autor de Retorno a Brideshead (1945) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Waugh, Evelyn —  (1903–1966) English novelist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Waugh, Evelyn (Arthur Saint John) — Waugh (wô), Evelyn (Arthur Saint John). 1903 1966. British writer whose satirical novels, such as Decline and Fall (1928) and Vile Bodies (1930), lampoon high society. His later works, notably Brideshead Revisited (1945), reflect his interest in… …   Universalium

  • Waugh, Evelyn (Arthur St. John) — born Oct. 28, 1903, London, Eng. died April 10, 1966, Combe Florey, near Taunton, Somerset English novelist. After an Oxford education, he devoted himself to solitary, observant travel and the writing of novels, soon earning a wide reputation for …   Universalium

  • Waugh, Evelyn (Arthur St. John) — (28 oct. 1903, Londres, Inglaterra–10 abr. 1966, Combe Florey, cerca de Taunton, Somerset). Novelista inglés. Después de estudiar en Oxford, emprendió viajes solitarios y contemplativos y escribió novelas que pronto establecieron su reputación… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Waugh — Waugh, Evelyn …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Evelyn Waugh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh Fotografía por Carl Van Vechten (1940) …   Wikipedia Español

  • WAUGH (E.) — WAUGH EVELYN (1903 1966) Si Evelyn Waugh commence sa carrière littéraire comme un chroniqueur caustique du Londres mondain de l’entre deux guerres, il s’oriente, après sa conversion au catholicisme (1930), vers des œuvres plus sérieuses, reflets… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Evelyn Waugh — Infobox Writer name = Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh caption = Evelyn Waugh, as photographed in 1940 by Carl Van Vechten birthdate = 28 October 1903 birthplace = London, England deathdate = 10 April 1966 (aged 62) deathplace = Taunton, Somerset,… …   Wikipedia

  • Evelyn Waugh — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Waugh (homonymie). Evelyn Waugh …   Wikipédia en Français


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