Tate, Allen

Tate, Allen

▪ American author
in full  John Orley Allen Tate 
born November 19, 1899, Winchester, Kentucky, U.S.
died February 9, 1979, Nashville, Tennessee
 American poet, teacher, novelist, and a leading exponent of the New Criticism. In both his criticism and his poetry, he emphasized the writer's need for a tradition to adhere to; he found his tradition in the culture of the conservative, agrarian South and, later, in Roman Catholicism, to which he converted in 1950.

      In 1918 Tate entered Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, where he helped found The Fugitive (1922–25), a magazine for a group of young poets known as the Fugitives (Fugitive). Tate introduced the Fugitives to the poetry of T.S. Eliot (Eliot, T.S.), whose attitudes toward modern life and whose emphasis on the hollowness of modern man found an echo in Tate's own themes. Tate contributed to the symposium I'll Take My Stand (1930), a manifesto defending the traditional agrarian society of the South.

      From 1934 Tate taught at Southwestern College in Memphis, Tennessee, the Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, Princeton University, and the University of Minnesota (1951–68). In 1943 he was named poetry consultant to the Library of Congress. He held the position, which later became known as the poet laureate consultant in poetry of the United States, for one year. Tate then joined The Sewanee Review, which acquired wide importance as a literary magazine under his editorship (1944–46).

      In Tate's best-known poem, “Ode to the Confederate Dead” (first version, 1926; rev. 1930), the dead symbolize the emotions that the poet is no longer able to feel. The poems written from about 1930 to 1939 broadened this theme of disjointedness by showing its effect on society, as in the sadly ironic “The Mediterranean” (1932). In his later poems Tate suggested that only through the subjective wholeness of the individual can society itself be whole. This view emerged tentatively in “Seasons of the Soul” (1943) and confidently in “The Buried Lake” (1953), both devotional poems.

      Tate's only novel, The Fathers (1938), refashioned the Jason-Medea myth to promulgate agrarian beliefs. His Collected Poems was published in 1977; Essays of Four Decades appeared in 1969.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tate (surname) — Tate is a surname, and may refer to* Allen Tate, American poet * Brent Tate, Australian rugby league player * Catherine Tate, British comedian * Carla Tate, the female lead character from the movie The Other Sister * Cebe Tate, American farmer *… …   Wikipedia

  • Tate — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Allen Tate (1899–1979), US amerikanischer Schriftsteller Buddy Tate (1915–2001), US amerikanischer Jazzmusiker Catherine Tate (* 1968), britische Schauspielerin Cullen Tate (1896–1947), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tate — tate. (Voz expr.). interj. Cuidado, poco a poco. U. t. repetida. || 2. U. para denotar haber venido en conocimiento de algo en lo que no se había caído o no se había podido comprender. U. t. repetida. * * * Tate, Henry Tate, The * * * (as used in …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Allen — allén (ant.) adv. Allende. * * * allén. adv. l. p. us. allende (ǁ de la parte de allá). * * * Allen, Woody * * * (as used in expressions) Allen, Ethan Allen, Richa …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tate, (John Orley)Allen — Tate (tāt), (John Orley) Allen. 1899 1979. American writer and editor. A leading exponent of New Criticism, he edited the Sewanee Review (1944 1946) and is known especially for his poetry, including “Ode to the Confederate Dead” (1926). * * * …   Universalium

  • Allen D. Candler — Allen Daniel Candler (* 4. November 1834 in Auraria, Lumpkin County, Georgia; † 26. Oktober 1910 in Atlanta, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Georgia. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und politischer Aufstieg 2 Gou …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allen Ferdinand Owen — (* 9. Oktober 1816 im Wilkes County, North Carolina; † 7. April 1865 in Upatoi, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1849 und 1851 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Georgia im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Noch in seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allen Fisher — (born 1944) is a poet, painter, publisher, teacher and performer associated with the British Poetry Revival.Fisher was born in London and started writing poetry in 1962. His early long project Place was published in a series of books and… …   Wikipedia

  • Tate — [tāt] 1. (John Orley) Allen 1899 1979; U.S. poet & critic 2. Nahum 1652 1715; Brit. poet & dramatist, born in Ireland: poet laureate (1692 1715) …   English World dictionary

  • Allen Tate — John Orley Allen Tate (November 19, 1899 February 9, 1979) was an American poet, essayist, and social commentator, and Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, 1943 1944.Allen Tate was born near Winchester, Kentucky the son… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.