Rawlings, Jerry J.

Rawlings, Jerry J.

in full  Jerry John Rawlings  
born June 22, 1947, Accra, Ghana

      military and political leader in Ghana who twice (1979, 1981) overthrew the government and seized power. His second period of rule (1981–2001) afforded Ghana political stability and competent economic management.

      Rawlings was the son of a Scottish father and a Ghanaian mother. He was educated at Achimoto College and the military academy at Teshie. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Ghanaian Air Force in 1969 and became a flight lieutenant and expert pilot, skilled in aerobatics. In June 1979 Rawlings and other junior officers led a successful military coup with the purported aim of purging the military and public life of widespread corruption. He and his Armed Forces Revolutionary Council ruled for 112 days, during which time the former heads of state, General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong (Acheampong, Ignatius Kutu) and General Fred W.K. Akuffo, were tried and executed. Rawlings then yielded power to a freely elected civilian president, Hilla Limann, who promptly retired Rawlings from the air force.

      Rawlings continued to be a popular figure, however, and on December 31, 1981, after two years of weak civilian rule during which Ghana's economy continued to deteriorate, Rawlings overthrew Limann's government, accusing it of leading the nation “down to total economic ruin.” Rawlings established a Provisional National Defense Council as the new government and imprisoned Limann and some 200 other politicians. “Peoples' Defense Committees” were set up in neighbourhoods, as were workers' councils to monitor production in factories. When the failure of these and other populist measures had become clear by 1983, Rawlings reversed course and adopted conservative economic policies, including dropping subsidies and price controls in order to reduce inflation, privatizing many state-owned companies, and devaluing currency in order to stimulate exports. These free-market measures sharply revived Ghana's economy, which by the early 1990s had one of the highest growth rates in Africa. In 1992, in the first presidential elections held in Ghana since 1979, Rawlings was chosen as president. He was reelected in 1996 and stepped down from the presidency in early 2001.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Rawlings, Jerry J(ohn) — born June 22, 1947, Accra, Ghana Ruler of Ghana (1981–2001). Of Scottish and Ghanaian descent, Rawlings, then a junior air force officer, first overthrew the government in 1979, but he yielded power to a freely elected civilian president, Hilla… …   Universalium

  • Rawlings, Jerry J(ohn) — (n. 22 jun. 1947, Accra, Ghana). Gobernante de Ghana (1981–2001). De ascendencia escocesa y ghanesa, Rawlings derrocó por primera vez al gobierno de su país en 1979, cuando era un joven oficial de la fuerza aérea, pero después cedió el poder a un …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jerry Rawlings — Jerry John Rawlings President Jerry John Rawlings President of Ghana (1st President of the 4th Republic) In office 7 January 1993 – 7 January 2001 …   Wikipedia

  • Jerry John Rawlings — Jerry John Rawlings, auch J.J. genannt (* 22. Juni 1947 in Accra), war von 1981 bis 2001 Präsident von Ghana. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Erster Putsch 3 Zweiter Putsch 4 Aktuelles …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Rawlings — (Jerry John) (né en 1947) capitaine et homme politique ghanéen; chef de l état depuis 1981 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • jerry — jerry1 /jer ee/, adj. Building Trades Slang. of inferior materials or workmanship. [1875 80; short for JERRY BUILT] jerry2 /jer ee/, n., pl. jerries. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a chamber pot. [1820 30; short for JEROBOAM] * * * (as used in expressions) …   Universalium

  • Jerry — /jer ee/, n., pl. Jerries. Chiefly Brit. Informal. 1. a German. 2. Germans collectively. [1910 15; GER(MAN) + Y1] /jer ee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Gerald, Gerard, Jeremiah, and Jerome …   Universalium

  • Jerry — (as used in expressions) Falwell, Jerry L. Herman, Jerry Leiber, Jerry Lewis, Jerry Lewis, Jerry Lee Payton, Walter (Jerry) Rawlings, Jerry J(ohn) Rice, Jerry (Lee) Seinfeld, Jerry West, Jerry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jerry Rawlings — (2009) Jerry John Rawlings, auch J.J. (Junior Jesus) genannt (* 22. Juni 1947 in Accra), war von 1981 bis 2001 Präsident von Ghana. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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