John I Tzimisces


John I Tzimisces

▪ Byzantine emperor
born 925
died Jan. 10, 976, Constantinople
 Byzantine emperor (969–976) whose extension of Byzantine influence into the Balkans and Syria and maintenance of domestic tranquillity assured the prestige and stability of the empire for his immediate successors.

      Descended from an aristocratic Armenian family, John was related through his mother to the general, and later emperor, Nicephorus II Phocas. He entered the imperial army and fought with Nicephorus against the Arabs in Cilicia and Syria. Having helped Nicephorus gain the throne, he was rewarded with the supreme command of Byzantine forces in the East. His ambition for the throne later led him into the conspiracy with his mistress, Theophano (the Emperor's wife), that led to the assassination of Nicephorus in December 969. Forced to do penance by Polyeuctus, patriarch of Constantinople, in order to receive the imperial crown, John banished Theophano to a convent and punished the murderers.

      John I strengthened the empire by coupling diplomatic skill with military strength. In 970 he married Theodora, sister of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, the legitimate claimant to the throne, to offset challenges to his rule at home. When the Bulgars (Bulgar) attacked the empire in 971, he led his forces against their capital, captured their tsar, and forced them to recognize Byzantine suzerainty. In July 971 he defeated the Russian prince Svyatoslav, ending threats to Byzantine rule in the north. To preserve the Byzantine position in the West, he arranged a marriage between one of his relatives and the future Holy Roman emperor Otto II. Turning to the East, he reduced the Fāṭimid (Fāṭimid Dynasty) strength around Antioch in 974–975, taking Antioch, Damascus, and other cities in Syria. Before he could retake Jerusalem he died, probably of typhoid.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John I Tzimiskes — or Tzimisces, ( gr. Ιωάννης Α΄ Τζιμισκής, Iōannēs I Tzimiskēs ; hy. Հովհաննես Ա Չմշկիկ, Hovhannes Ayp Chmshgig ; circa 925 January 10, 976) was Byzantine Emperor from December 11, 969 to January 10, 976. Background John s real family name was… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John XIII — Infobox Pope English name=John XIII birth name=Giovanni Crescenzi term start=October 1, 965 term end=September 6, 972 predecessor=Leo VIII successor=Benedict VI birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|972|9|6|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Juan I Tzimisces — Emperador del Imperio bizantino Moneda que representa a Juan I, protegido por Dios y la Virgen Maria. Reinado 969 976, con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Byzantine Empire — the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Empire in A.D. 476. Cap.: Constantinople. * * * Empire, southeastern and southern Europe and western Asia. It began as the city of Byzantium, which had grown from an ancient Greek colony… …   Universalium

  • Nicephorus II Phocas — born 912, Cappadocia died Dec. 10/11, 969, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (963–969). A powerful military commander, he fought the Arabs in the east, liberated Crete from its Arab rulers (961), and gained control of the eastern Mediterranean.… …   Universalium

  • Theophanu — (960 ndash; June 15, 991) (Greek: Θεοφανώ Theophano), also spelled Theophania, Theophana or Theophano, was born in Constantinople, and was the wife of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor. FamilyOtto I, Holy Roman Emperor had requested a Greek princess… …   Wikipedia

  • Tagma (military) — The tagma ( el. τάγμα, pl. tagmata ) is a term for a military unit of battalion size. The best known use of the term however refers to the elite regiments comprising the central imperial army of the middle and late Byzantine Empire. History and… …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Dorostolon — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Dorostolon partof=the Rus Byzantine War date=971 place=Dorostolon (modern flagicon|Bulgaria Silistra, Bulgaria) result=Byzantine victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1=John I Tzimisces… …   Wikipedia

  • Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor — Otto II redirects here. For the Margrave of Brandenburg, see Otto II, Margrave of Brandenburg. For the King of Hungary, see Otto II of Hungary. For the Duke of Andechs and Merania, see Otto II of Andechs and Merania. For the Count of Oldenburg,… …   Wikipedia

  • Trajan's Wall — ( Valul lui Traian in Romanian) is a complex of valla in Eastern Europe: in Romania, Moldova and Ukraine.Contrary to the name and popular belief, the ramparts were not built by Romans during Trajan s reign.RomaniaThere are three valla in Romania …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.