Iskander, Fazil

Iskander, Fazil

▪ Abkhazian author
in full  Fazil Abdulovich Iskander 
born March 6, 1929, Sokhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now Abkhazia, Georgia]

      Abkhazian author who wrote in Russian and is best known for using humour and a digressive, anecdotal style in his often satirical portrayals of life in Soviet Abkhazia.

      Iskander, who was raised in Abkhazia, graduated from the Gorky Literary Institute in Moscow in 1954. He subsequently settled permanently in Moscow. Though he is known mostly for his prose works, he started his career as a poet, publishing six volumes of verse between 1957 and 1966. Another collection of poetry, Put (“The Path”), was published in 1987.

      His first two collections of short stories, Zapretny plod (Forbidden Fruit, and Other Stories) and Trinadtsaty podvig Gerakla (The Thirteenth Labor of Heracles), were published in 1966. His stories are generally set in Abkhazia and are linked by recurring characters and incidents; often based on his experiences in Abkhazia during the 1930s and '40s, they are also partly autobiographical. By 1991 Iskander had published 19 collections of short stories.

      Iskander's first major work of satire, the novel Sozvezdiye kozlotura (1966; The Goatibex Constellation), focuses on the experiments in agricultural genetics conducted while Nikita Khrushchev (Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich) led the Soviet Union. Kroliki i udavy (1982; Rabbits and Boa Constrictors) is an allegory that comments satirically on totalitarianism; it has been compared to George Orwell (Orwell, George)'s Animal Farm. Iskander spent decades writing the epic novel Sandro iz Chegema (Sandro of Chegem), an unfinished collection of anecdotes loosely based on the often comic life of the Abkhazian character Uncle Sandro. It chronicles the collision of Soviet values with Abkhazian patriarchal village life. Able to publish only a highly abridged version in the Soviet Union in 1977, Iskander published a complete Russian-language edition in the West in 1978, followed by additional chapters in 1981. Restrictions on circulating his work to a Soviet audience were lifted in the late 1980s as part of Mikhail Gorbachev (Gorbachev, Mikhail)'s policy of glasnost. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Iskander wrote the novellas Pshada (1993) and Sofichka (1997).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fazil Iskander — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fazíl Abdúlovich Iskandér (en ruso: Фазиль Абдулович Искандер; 6 de marzo de 1929, Sujumi, Abjasia) es un escritor abjasio conocido en la antigua Unión Soviética por sus descripciones de la vida del Cáucaso escritas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fazil Iskander — Photographie de Fazil Iskander Fazil Abdoulovitch Iskander (en russe : Фазиль Абдулович Искандер) est un écrivain et poète russe d origine abkhaze, né le 6 mars 1929 à Soukhoumi en Abkhazie soviétique. Son père était d origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fazil Iskander — Fazil Abdulovich Iskander ( ru. Фазиль Абдулович Искандер; born 6 March 1929 in Sukhumi) is arguably the most famous Abkhaz writer, renowned in the former Soviet Union for his vivid descriptions of Caucasian life, mostly written in Russian. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Iskander — This article refers to the Russian made missile. For the Abkhaz writer, see Fazil Iskander. Iskander is also the Arabic version of the name Alexander, after Alexander the Great. Iskander (NATO reporting name SS 26 Stone) is a short range, solid… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • List of Russian language novelists — Russian Writers by Sergei Levitsky, 1856. This is a list of authors who have written works of fiction in the Russian language. The list encompasses novelists and writers of short fiction. For the plain text list, see Category:Russian novelists.… …   Wikipedia

  • Juri Elperin — (auch: Jurij Elperin, Pseudonym: Peter Trenck, * 24. Juni 1917 in Davos) ist ein russisch deutscher Übersetzer. Leben Juri Elperin entstammt einer jüdischen Familie. Sein Vater war Jurist und hielt sich bei Juri Elperins Geburt wegen eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • History of Ottoman Albania — History of Albania Prehistory …   Wikipedia

  • Abkhaz literature — The written Abkhaz literature appeared relatively recently in the beginning of the 20th century although Abkhaz oral tradition is quite rich.cite book |title= The Myth of the Non Russian|last= Haber|first= Erika|year= 2003|publisher= Lexington… …   Wikipedia

  • Totalitarianism — Part of the Politics series Basic forms of government Aristocracy Autocracy …   Wikipedia