Harris, Zellig S.


Harris, Zellig S.

▪ American scholar
in full  Zellig Sabbetai Harris 
born Oct. 23, 1909, Balta, Russia
died May 22, 1992, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      Russian-born American scholar known for his work in structural linguistics. He carried the structural linguistic ideas of Leonard Bloomfield to their furthest logical development: to discover the linear distributional relations of phonemes and morphemes.

      Harris was taken to the United States as a child in 1913, and he received a B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. (1934) from the University of Pennsylvania, where he began teaching in 1931 and became Benjamin Franklin Professor of Linguistics in 1966.

      Harris's Methods in Structural Linguistics (1951) established his scholarly reputation as a theorist. In subsequent work on discourse analysis, Harris suggested the use of transformations as a means of expanding his method of descriptive analysis to cross sentence boundaries. Since Harris was Noam Chomsky's (Chomsky, Noam) teacher, some linguists have questioned whether Chomsky's transformational grammar is as revolutionary as it has been portrayed, but the two scholars developed their ideas in different contexts and for different purposes. For Harris, a transformation relates surface structure-sentence forms and is not a device to transform a deep structure into a surface structure, as it is in transformational grammar.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HARRIS, ZELLIG SABBETAI — (1909–1992), U.S. linguist. Harris was born in Russia and was taken to the United States as a child of four. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and joined the faculty there in 1931. In 1946 he founded the first linguistics… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Harris,Zellig Sabbatai — Harris, Zellig Sabbatai. 1909 1992. Ukrainian born American linguist who revolutionized linguistic study by developing mathematical linguistics and by pioneering an effort to understand speech and writing in social context. * * * …   Universalium

  • Zellig Sabbetai Harris — Zellig Harris Pour les articles homonymes, voir Harris. Zellig Sabbetai Harris (Balta, Ukraine, 23 octobre 1909 22 mai 1992) est un linguiste américain. Disciple de Leonard Bloomfield, il est connu pour ses travaux sur la linguistique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HARRIS (Z. S.) — HARRIS ZELLIG SABBETAI (1909 ) La recherche de Zellig Sabbetai Harris est intimement liée aux travaux de l’école américaine d’analyse distributionnelle qui a élaboré son programme pour la linguistique dans les années 1930 et 1940, sous… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Harris — (William Wade) (v. 1865 1929) prêcheur libérien qui fit de nombreux adeptes en Côte d Ivoire (1914 1915). Le harrisme compte auj. encore des fidèles. Harris (Zellig Sabbetai) (né en 1909) linguiste américain d origine ukrainienne, tenant de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zellig Harris — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Harris. Zellig Sabbetai Harris (Balta, Ukraine, 23 octobre 1909 22 mai 1992) est un linguiste américain. Disciple de Leonard Bloomfield, il est connu pour ses travaux sur la linguistique structuraliste et l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Harris — noun 1. United States author who wrote the stories about Uncle Remus (1848 1908) • Syn: ↑Joel Harris, ↑Joel Chandler Harris • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author 2. United States linguist (born in Ukraine) who developed mathematical linguistics… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zellig Harris — noun United States linguist (born in Ukraine) who developed mathematical linguistics and interpreted speech and writing in a social context (1909 1992) • Syn: ↑Harris, ↑Zellig Sabbatai Harris • Instance Hypernyms: ↑linguist, ↑polyglot …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zellig Sabbatai Harris — noun United States linguist (born in Ukraine) who developed mathematical linguistics and interpreted speech and writing in a social context (1909 1992) • Syn: ↑Harris, ↑Zellig Harris • Instance Hypernyms: ↑linguist, ↑polyglot …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zellig Harris — Zellig Sabbetai Harris (October 23, 1909 May 22, 1992) was an American linguist, mathematical syntactician, and methodologist of science. Originally a Semiticist, he is best known for his work in structural linguistics and discourse analysis and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.