Glenn, John H., Jr.


Glenn, John H., Jr.

▪ American astronaut and politician
in full  John Herschel Glenn, Jr. 
born July 18, 1921, Cambridge, Ohio, U.S.
 
 the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the Earth, completing three orbits in 1962. (Soviet cosmonaut Yury Gagarin (Gagarin, Yury Alekseyevich), the first person in space, made a single orbit of the Earth in 1961).

 Glenn joined the U.S. Marine Corps in 1943 and flew 59 missions during World War II and 90 missions during the Korean War. He was a test pilot from 1954 and was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1959. Of the seven U.S. military pilots selected in that year for Project Mercury astronaut training, he was the oldest. Glenn served as a backup pilot for Alan B. Shepard, Jr., and Virgil I. Grissom, who made the first two U.S. suborbital flights into space. Glenn was selected for the first orbital flight, and on February 20, 1962, his space capsule, Friendship 7, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Its orbit ranged from approximately 99 to 162 miles (159 to 261 km) in altitude, and Glenn made three orbits, landing in the Atlantic Ocean near The Bahamas.

      Glenn retired from the space program and the Marine Corps in 1964 to enter private business and to pursue his interest in politics. In 1970 he sought the Democratic nomination for a U.S. Senate seat in Ohio but lost narrowly in the primary. He was elected U.S. senator from that state in 1974 and was reelected three times thereafter. Glenn was unsuccessful, however, in his bid to become the 1984 Democratic presidential candidate.

      On October 29, 1998, Glenn returned to space as a payload specialist on a nine-day mission aboard the space shuttle Discovery. The oldest person ever to travel in space, Glenn at age 77 participated in experiments that studied similarities between the aging process and the body's response to weightlessness.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glenn John McQueen — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Findet Nemo Originaltitel: Finding Nemo Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 2003 Länge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Glenn, John Herschel,Jr. — Glenn (glĕn), John Herschel, Jr. Born 1921. American astronaut and politician. On February 20, 1962, aboard Friendship 7, he became the first American to orbit the earth. He served as U.S. senator from Ohio for four consecutive terms (1974 1998) …   Universalium

  • Glenn, John H(erschel), Jr. — born , July 18, 1921, Cambridge, Ohio, U.S. U.S. astronaut and senator. He flew 59 missions as a Marine Corps pilot in World War II and 90 during the Korean War. The oldest of the seven astronauts selected in 1959 for the Mercury project s… …   Universalium

  • Glenn, John H(erschel), Jr. — (n. 18 jul. 1921, Cambridge, Ohio, EE.UU.). Astronauta y senador estadounidense. Participó como piloto del Cuerpo de infantes de marina en 59 misiones de la segunda guerra mundial, y 90 misiones durante la guerra de Corea. Siendo el mayor de los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John H. Glenn — John Glenn Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 2. April 1959 (1. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 Start erster Raumflug: 20. Februar 1962 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Herschel Glenn — John Glenn Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 2. April 1959 (1. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 Start erster Raumflug: 20. Februar 1962 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Herschel Glenn Jr. — John Glenn Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 2. April 1959 (1. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 Start erster Raumflug: 20. Februar 1962 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Glenn — Land (Organisation): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 2. April 1959 (1. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John H. Glenn — John Glenn Pour les articles homonymes, voir Glenn. John Glenn Astronaute Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Glenn McQueen — Glenn John McQueen (24 de diciembre de 1960, Toronto, Canadá 29 de octubre de 2002, Berkeley, California) fue un director y supervisor de animación digital. Vida privada Empezó su carrera en Pacific Data Images, pero en 1994 se trasladó a Pixar,… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.