Frisch, Max

Frisch, Max

▪ Swiss author
in full  Max Rudolf Frisch 
born May 15, 1911, Zürich, Switz.
died April 4, 1991, Zürich

      Swiss dramatist and novelist, noted for his depictions of the moral dilemmas of 20th-century life.

      In 1933 Frisch withdrew from the University of Zürich, where he had studied German literature, and became a newspaper correspondent. After touring southern and eastern Europe from 1934 to 1936, he returned to Zürich, where he studied architecture. Frisch worked as an architect after service in the Swiss army during World War II. He abandoned architecture in 1955 to devote himself full-time to writing.

      Frisch's play Santa Cruz (1947) established the central theme found throughout his subsequent works: the predicament of the complicated, skeptical individual in modern society. One of Frisch's earliest dramas is the morality play Nun singen sie wieder (1946; Now They Sing Again), in which Surrealistic tableaux reveal the effects caused by hostages being assassinated by German Nazis. His other historical melodramas include Die chinesische Mauer (1947; The Chinese Wall) and the bleak Als der Krieg zu Ende war (1949; When the War Was Over). Reality and dream are used to depict the terrorist fantasies of a responsible government prosecutor in Graf Öderland (1951; Count Oederland), while Don Juan oder die Liebe zur Geometrie (1953; Don Juan, or The Love of Geometry) is a reinterpretation of the legend of the famous lover of that name. In his powerful parable play Biedermann und die Brandstifter (1958; The Firebugs, also published as The Fire Raisers), arsonists insinuate themselves into the house of the weak-willed, complacent Biedermann, who allows them to destroy his home and his world rather than confront them. Frisch's later plays include Andorra (1961), with its theme of collective guilt, and Biografie (published 1967; Biography), which deals with social relationships and their limitations.

      Frisch's early novels Stiller (1954; I'm Not Stiller), Homo Faber (1957), and Mein Name sei Gantenbein (1964; A Wilderness of Mirrors) portray aspects of modern intellectual life and examine the theme of identity. His autobiographical works include two noteworthy diaries, Tagebuch 1946–1949 (1950; Sketchbook 1946–1949) and Tagebuch 1966–1971 (1972; Sketchbook 1966–1971). His later novels include Montauk: Eine Erzählung (1975), Der Mensch erscheint im Holozän (1979; Man in the Holocene), and Blaubart (1982; Bluebeard).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frisch, Max — (1911 1991)    Playwright. Frisch began his writing career as a journalist in his native Zurich, but he did not begin writing plays until he had established himself as a licensed architect in the 1940s. He continued to practice architecture while …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Frisch, Max — ► (1911 91) Novelista y dramaturgo suizo en lengua alemana. Sus obras plantean el problema del burgués que duda de los valores que representa: No soy Stiller, Pongamos que me llamo Gantenbein. Obras dramáticas: Don Juan o el amor a la geometría …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frisch, Max (Rudolf) — born May 15, 1911, Zürich, Switz. died April 4, 1991, Zürich Swiss dramatist and novelist. Originally a journalist, he later worked as an architect, a career he abandoned for writing in 1955. He is noted for his Expressionist depictions of the… …   Universalium

  • Frisch, Max (Rudolf) — (15 may. 1911, Zürich, Suiza 4 abr. 1991, Zürich). Dramaturgo y novelista suizo. En un comienzo se desempeñó como periodista, para dedicarse luego a la arquitectura, carrera que abandonó en 1955 para consagrarse a la literatura. Se distingue por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Max Frish — Max Frisch Erreur d’expression : mot « en » non reconnuErreur d’expression : mot « en » non reconnu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Max Frisch — Born May 15, 1911 Zurich, Switzerland Died April 4, 1991 (aged 79) Zurich, Switzerland O …   Wikipedia

  • Max Frisch — Nombre Max Rudolf Frisch Nacimiento 15 de mayo …   Wikipedia Español

  • FRISCH (M.) — FRISCH MAX (1911 1991) Romancier, essayiste et auteur dramatique suisse de langue allemande, Max Frisch est né à Zurich dans une famille d’origine autrichienne. Il entreprend tout d’abord des études littéraires qu’il doit interrompre, en 1933, à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Frisch — Frisch, Karl von Frisch, Max Frisch, Otto R. Frisch, Ragnar * * * (as used in expressions) Frisch, Karl von Frisch, Max (Rudolf) Frisch, Ragnar (Anton Kittil) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MAX — ● MAX o MAdrid LinuX es un Sistema Operativo basado en Knoppix (que a su vez está basado en Debian GNU/Linux creado por la Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Madrid. Este Sistema Operativo puede utilizarse en modo Live DVD, y también… …   Enciclopedia Universal