Francesco Di Giorgio


Francesco Di Giorgio

▪ Italian artist
in full  Francesco Maurizio Di Giorgio Martini, or Di Martino 
 (baptized Sept. 23, 1439, Siena, republic of Siena [Italy]—d. 1502, Siena), early Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, and designer.

      Remarkably versatile, a kind of Renaissance homo universale, Francesco combined the bold investigation of the humanist scholars with the conservative lyricism of the Sienese school. His early works were manuscript illuminations, furniture panels, and two monumental altarpieces: the “Coronation of the Virgin” (1471) and “The Nativity” (1475). “The Nativity” shows that Francesco was greatly influenced by Florentine artists of the period, especially Andrea del Verrocchio.

      Francesco is remembered chiefly as an architect and an architectural theorist. He translated Vitruvius and wrote an original work on architecture, Trattato di architettura civile e militare, which discusses city planning and military architecture, anticipating some of the architectural theories of the high Renaissance. By 1477 he was in the service of Duke Federico da Montefeltro, in Urbino, where he may have participated in the design and decoration of parts of the palace of Urbino, and built 136 military fortresses. His architectural masterpiece is Santa Maria del Calcinaio, Cortona (commissioned 1484), which, however, is now greatly altered. As a sculptor he is best known for four bronze figures for the high altar of Siena Cathedral (1489–97) and for a series of bronze reliefs showing Verrocchio's influence. (They have also been attributed to the young Leonardo da Vinci.) He also designed fortifications, battle machinery, and weapons and is thought to have originated the land mine.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Francesco di Giorgio — Martini (baptised September 23, 1439 – 1502) was an Italian painter of the Sienese School, a sculptor, an and theorist, and a military engineer who built almost seventy fortifications for the Duke of Urbino. Born in Siena, he apprenticed as a… …   Wikipedia

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  • FRANCESCO DI GIORGIO MARTINI — (1439 1502) Près de son maître Vecchietta, Francesco di Giorgio apprit la peinture et la sculpture, qu’il pratiqua surtout au début de sa carrière, avant de se consacrer à l’architecture civile et militaire. Jusqu’en 1475, il dirigea un atelier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francesco di Giorgio Martini —   [fran tʃesko di dʒɔrdʒo ], italienischer Baumeister, Bildhauer, Maler und Kunsttheoretiker, Martini, Francesco di Giorgio …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Francesco di Giorgio Martini — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martini. Extrait du carnet d ingénieur de Francesco di Giorgio Martini (1470) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francesco di Giorgio Martini — Schachpartie (Fragment), vor 1500 Santa Maria delle Grazie al Calcinaio bei Cortona Francesco di Giorgio, genauer Francesco di Giorgio Martini (getauft am …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giorgio — is a male Italian given name (and sometimes a surname) and may refer to:urname* Eusebio da San Giorgio, Italian painter * Francesco di Giorgio, Italian painter * Francesco Giorgio, Italian writer * Frank Di Giorgio, Canadian city councillor *… …   Wikipedia


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