industrial-organizational psychology


industrial-organizational psychology
or I-O psychology

Application of the concepts and methods of experimental, clinical, and social psychology to the workplace.

I-O psychologists are concerned with such matters as personnel evaluation and placement, job analysis, worker-management relations (including morale and job satisfaction), workforce training and development (including leadership training), and productivity improvement. They may work closely with business managers, industrial engineers, and human-resources professionals.

* * *

formerly called  industrial psychology 

      application of concepts and methods from several subspecialties of the discipline (such as learning, motivation, and social psychology) to business (industry) and institutional settings.

      The study of industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology originated in the United States in the early 1900s through the work of psychologists Hugo Münsterberg (Münsterberg, Hugo) and Walter Dill Scott (both of whom were trained by German physiologist and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt (Wundt, Wilhelm)), while its practical application developed largely through the work of American industrial engineer Frederick W. Taylor (Taylor, Frederick W.). I-O psychology grew rapidly after World War I and even more so after World War II.

      Some I-O psychologists develop methods for personnel selection and training, while others analyze managers' styles and effectiveness or study ways to improve workplace morale, job satisfaction, and productivity. The field of I-O psychology contributed to the development of human factors engineering, or ergonomics, which involves designing equipment (e.g., displays for airplane cockpits and automobile dashboards, computer keyboards, or home appliances) that can be operated safely and efficiently. See also applied psychology.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Промышленная и организационная психология (industrial / organizational psychology) — П. и о. п. имеет дело с людьми на рабочих местах. Она занимается выяснением того, какое влияние оказывают на людей структура промышленной орг ции, принятые в ней порядки, товарищи по работе, менеджеры, а тж физ. и соц. производственная среда.… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Industrial and organizational psychology — Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • industrial and organizational psychology — UK US noun [U] (ABBREVIATION I/O psychology) HR ► the study of how workers feelings about working conditions affect their job satisfaction and performance, and ways in which to make improvements: »Industrial organizational psychology explores not …   Financial and business terms

  • industrial and organizational psychology — industrial psychology; organizational psychology The application of psychological concepts to the issues and problems that arise in business, industry, and other organizational settings. An understanding of individual and group psychology is… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • organizational psychology — UK US (UK also organisational psychology) noun [U] HR, WORKPLACE ► INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY(Cf. ↑industrial psychology) …   Financial and business terms

  • organizational psychology — See industrial and organizational psychology …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • Organizational behavior management — (OBM) is an important aspect of management studies the subject which is studied in first year of management studies is known as organizational behaviour (OB). OBM is the result of applying the psychological principles of applied behavior analysis …   Wikipedia

  • Psychology — (from Greek gr. ψῡχή, psȳkhē , breath, life, soul ; and gr. λογία, logia ) is an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. Psychologists study such phenomena as perception, cognition, emotion …   Wikipedia

  • Organizational commitment — in the fields of Organizational Behavior and Industrial/Organizational Psychology is, in a general sense, the employee s psychological attachment to the organization. It can be contrasted with other work related attitudes, such as job… …   Wikipedia

  • Organizational Behavior Management — (OBM) is the result of applying the psychological principles of Applied behavior analysis and the Experimental analysis of behavior to organizations to promote worker safety and other benefits.The areas of application may include systems analysis …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.