- Washington, Harold
died Nov. 25, 1987, ChicagoU.S. politician and mayor of Chicago (1983–87).He practiced law and served as a city attorney (1954–58). He was elected successively to the Illinois legislature (1965–76), the state senate (1976–89), and the U.S. House of Representatives (1980–83). In 1983 he campaigned for mayor of Chicago on a platform of reform and an end to city patronage; with his election, he become the first African American to hold that post. He was reelected to a second term in 1987 but died soon after.
* * *▪ American politician and lawyerborn April 15, 1922, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.died November 25, 1987, ChicagoAmerican politician who gained national prominence as the first African American mayor of Chicago (1983–87).During World War II, Washington joined the army and served as an engineer in the South Pacific. After returning home in 1946, he graduated from Roosevelt University (B.A., 1949), earned a law degree from Northwestern University (1952), and established a private law practice in Chicago. He succeeded his father, a part-time Methodist minister, as Democratic precinct captain before working as a city attorney (1954–58) and a state labour arbitrator (1960–64). He then served in the Illinois House of Representatives (1965–76), the Illinois State Senate (1976–80), and the U.S. House of Representatives (1980–83).During his second term in Congress, Washington was persuaded by black leaders to enter the 1983 mayoral race in Chicago. Overcoming negative publicity—in 1970 his law license was suspended for failure to perform paid legal work and in 1972 he spent more than a month in jail for failing to file his federal income tax return for four years—and campaigning for reform and an end to city patronage, he won the Democratic nomination by upsetting incumbent Mayor Jane Byrne and Richard M. Daley, the son of four-term mayor Richard J. Daley (Daley, Richard J). In the general election Washington narrowly defeated Bernard Epton, a virtually unknown white Republican, in a record voter turnout tinged with racial overtones.Washington was often unable to implement his programs during his first term in office because the opposition in City Council controlled a majority of the 50 council seats. After a court ruled that several ward boundaries violated the law by disfranchising minority voters, new elections in those wards finally gave him control of the council in 1986. The following year he was easily reelected to a second term even though he had pushed through an unpopular $70 million property tax increase. Washington died in office seven months later.Additional ReadingAlton Miller, Harold Washington: The Mayor, the Man (1989); Paul Kleppner, Chicago Divided: The Making of a Black Mayor (1985); Malvin G. Holli and Paul M. Green, Bashing Chicago: Harold Washington's Last Campaign, Chicago, 1987 (1989); Gary Rivlin, Fire on the Prairie: Chicago's Harold Washington and the Politics of Race (1992).
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Washington, Harold — (15 abr. 1922, Chicago, Ill., EE.UU.–25 nov. 1987, Chicago). Político estadounidense y alcalde de Chicago (1983–87). Ejerció como abogado y fue fiscal de la ciudad (1954–58). Perteneció sucesivamente al poder legislativo de Illinois (1965–76), al … Enciclopedia Universal
Harold Lee Washington — (1981) Harold Lee Washington (* 15. April 1922; † 25. November 1987) war von 1983 bis zu seinem Tod der erste afroamerikanische Bürgermeister von Chicago. Der Demokrat war ab 1980 Mitglied des US Repräsentantenhauses und hatte im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Harold Washington Cultural Center — Infobox Theatre name = Harold Washington Cultural Center caption = address = 4701 S. Martin Luther King Drive city = Chicago, Illinois 60615 country = USA designation = latitude = longitude = architect = owner = capacity = 1000 type = opened =… … Wikipedia
Harold Washington Library — The Harold Washington Library Center is the central library for the Chicago Public Library System. It is named for former Mayor Harold Washington. It is located just south of the Loop L , at 400 S. State Street in Chicago. It is a full service… … Wikipedia
Harold Washington — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Washington. Harold Lee Washington Harold Lee Washington (15 avril 1922 à Chicago … Wikipédia en Français
Harold — /har euhld/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Alexander Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander 1st Earl Arlen Harold Barton Sir Derek Harold Richard Bloom Harold Clurman Harold Edgar Crane Harold Hart James Harold Doolittle… … Universalium
Harold — (as used in expressions) Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde Arlen, Harold Barton, Sir Derek H(arold) R(ichard) Harold George Belafonte, Jr. Bloom, Harold Clurman, Harold (Edgar) Crane, (Harold) Hart James Harold… … Enciclopedia Universal
Washington — /wosh ing teuhn, waw shing /, n. 1. Booker T(aliaferro) /book euhr tol euh veuhr/, 1856 1915, U.S. reformer, educator, author, and lecturer. 2. George, 1732 99, U.S. general and political leader: 1st president of the U.S. 1789 97. 3. Martha… … Universalium
Harold St. John — Nacimiento … Wikipedia Español