Seleucid dynasty


Seleucid dynasty
Macedonian Greek dynasty (312–64 BC) founded by Seleucus I Nicator.

Carved from the empire of Alexander the Great, the Seleucid domain stretched from Thrace to the border of India and included Babylonia, Syria, and Anatolia. Seleucus was succeeded in 281 by Antiochus I Soter, who reigned until 261. He was followed by Antiochus II (r. 261–246), Seleucus II Callinicus (r. 246–225), Seleucus III (r. 225–223), and Antiochus III (the Great; r. 223–187). Under the last, the empire was at its height. Resistance to the power and spread of Hellenistic culture soon began to manifest itself in the Asian lands. Antiochus III's encounter with the Romans signaled decline, especially after the defeat of 190. The decline accelerated after the death of Antiochus IV (r. 175–164), who lost Judaea to the Maccabees. The efforts of Demetrius I and Antiochus VII could not forestall the dynasty's inevitable end at the hands of the Roman Pompey the Great in 64 BC.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SELEUCID DYNASTY — (305–141 B.C.)    Dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator, who was one of the generals in the army of Alexander the Great. In the struggles over the succession to Alexander’s empire, Seleucus obtained most of the Asiatic territories and all of… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Seleucid Empire — The Seleucid Empire /sə lusɪd/ (312 63 BC) was a Hellenistic empire, i.e. a successor state of Alexander the Great s empire. The Seleucid Empire was centered in the near East and at the height of its power included central Anatolia, the Levant,… …   Wikipedia

  • dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty …   Universalium

  • seleucid — I. sə̇ˈlüsə̇d, sə̇lˈyü noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: New Latin seleucides, from Seleucus I died 280 B.C. Macedonian general and founder of the Seleucid dynasty + Latin ides, masculine patronymic suffix more at id : a member of a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seleucid — [sə lo͞o′sid] n. pl. Seleucids or Seleucidae [sə lo͞o′si dē΄] [< L Seleucides < Gr Seleukidēs] a member of a dynasty founded by Seleucus I and ruling (312 364? B.C. ) over S Asia Minor & the region between the Mediterranean Sea & the Indus… …   English World dictionary

  • Seleucid — 1803, in reference to dynasty founded in Syria 312 B.C.E. by Seleucus Nicator, general of Alexander. It lasted until 65 B.C.E. The Seleucidan Era, a local reckoning in the East (maintained by Syrian Christians) usually is dated to Sept. 1, 312… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Seleucid Empire —    The large Greek controlled imperial realm that replaced the short lived empire of Alexander the Great in Mesopotamia and other sectors of the Near East in the late fourth century b.c. Soon after Alexander s untimely passing (caused perhaps by… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Seleucid — noun Etymology: New Latin seleucides, from Seleucus I Date: 1851 a member of a Greek dynasty ruling Syria and at various times other Asian territories from 312 B.C. to 64 B.C. • Seleucid adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Seleucid — /si looh sid/, n., pl. Seleucidae / si dee /, adj. n. 1. a member of a Macedonian dynasty, 312 64 B.C., that ruled an empire that included much of Asia Minor, Syria, Persia, Bactria, and Babylonia. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Seleucids or… …   Universalium

  • Seleucid — adj. of or pertaining to the Seleucids or their Asian dynasty n. member of a Macedonian dynasty which ruled various area in Asia Minor and the Middle East between 321 64 BC …   English contemporary dictionary


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