Prix de Rome


Prix de Rome
in full Grand Prix de Rome

Art scholarship awarded by the French government.

First established in 1666 by Louis XIV and Charles Le Brun, it enables young French painters, sculptors, architects, engravers, and musicians to study in Rome. Grand-prize winners in each artistic category study at the Académie de France in Rome for four years. Many of the greatest French artists and musicians of past centuries have been prizewinners, including Jean-Honoré Fragonard, Jacques-Louis David, Hector Berlioz, and Claude Debussy. The prizes are still being awarded, though their prestige has diminished.

* * *

▪ art scholarship
in full  Grand Prix de Rome 

      any of a group of scholarships awarded by the French government between 1663 and 1968 to enable young French artists to study in Rome. It was so named because the students who won the grand, or first, prize in each artistic category went to study at the Académie de France in Rome.

      As part of his official patronage of the arts, King Louis XIV established an art academy in Rome called the Académie de France. This move was prompted by Charles Le Brun (Le Brun, Charles), who had previously been instrumental in founding France's Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture) in Paris in 1648. In 1666 French statutes decreed that the newly established Grand Prix de Rome should preferably be awarded to prizewinning pupils from the Royal Academy. The original prizes were awarded to students of painting and sculpture. Prizes for architecture were awarded regularly after about 1720. Many of the greatest French artists and architects of the 18th century went to Rome as prizewinners, including the painters Antoine Coypel, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and Jacques-Louis David and the sculptors François Girardon, Clodion, and Jean-Antoine Houdon.

      During the French Revolution the Académie de France was closed from 1792 until 1801, when it reopened in the magnificent Villa Medici building. In the 19th century prizes for engravers and musicians were added; the most famous prizewinners of that century were the painter J.-A.-D. Ingres, the sculptors Pierre-Jean David d'Angers and Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, the architect Tony Garnier, and the composers Hector Berlioz, Charles Gounod, Georges Bizet, and Claude Debussy.

      The Prix de Rome competitions and awards diminished in prestige and importance during the 20th century and were discontinued altogether by André Malraux (Malraux, André), the French minister of cultural affairs, following the student riots of 1968. However, various organizations and groups subsequently adopted the prize's name for their own competitions, and by the early 21st century there were several Prix de Rome scholarships awarded around the world.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prix de rome — Palais Mancini, Rome, par Giovanni Battista Piranesi, 1752 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix de Rome — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Prix de Rome (homonymie). Prix de Rome Palais M …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix de Rome — Villa Medici in Rom Der Prix de Rome oder Rompreis war eine erstmals im 17. Jahrhundert von der Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture an bildende Künstler verliehene Auszeichnung, die mit einem Stipendium und einem mehrjährigen Aufenthalt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prix de Rome — This article concerns the French government prize. For similarly named prizes aimed at other countries nationals, see Prix de Rome (disambiguation). The Prix de Rome was a scholarship for art students. It was created in 1663 in France under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Prix de Rome — noun an annual prize awarded by the French government in a competition of painters and artists and sculptors and musicians and architects; the winner in each category receives support for a period of study in Rome • Hypernyms: ↑award, ↑accolade,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Prix de Rome (musique) — Prix de Rome Palais Mancini, Rome, par Giovanni Battista Piranesi, 1752 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix de rome (course hippique) — Le Prix de Rome est une course hippique de plat se déroulant au mois de novembre sur l Hippodrome de Capannelle, près de Rome (Italie). C est une course de Groupe I internationale réservée aux chevaux de 3 ans et plus. Elle se court sur la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix de Rome belge — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Prix de Rome (homonymie). Prix de Rome Prix remis Bourse d étude Description Récompense artistique Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix de Rome américain — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Prix de Rome (homonymie). Prix de Rome américain « Rome Prize » Prix remis Bourse d étude Description Récompense artistique Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix de Rome néerlandais — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Prix de Rome (homonymie). Prix de Rome Prix remis Bourse d étude Description Récompense artistique Pays …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.