Orhon River


Orhon River
or Orkhon River

River, northern Mongolia.

It is 698 mi (1,123 km) long and rises from the slopes of the Hangayn Mountains. It flows east, then north past Karakorum. The 8th-century funerary stelae discovered in the river's valley in 1889 contain some of the oldest known Turkic writing, called the Orhon inscriptions. The river is navigable for shallow-draft vessels only in July and August.

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river, Asia
Orhon also spelled  Orkhon, or Orchon,  
 river in north-central Mongolia. The river lies entirely within Mongolia and rises from the heavily forested slopes of the Hangayn Mountains. It flows east out of the mountains and then turns north, past Karakorum, the ancient capital of the Mongol empire. The Orhon is separated from the Selenge River by a massif. Both rivers flow northeast to meet at Sühbaatar, a trade centre just south of the border with Russia. The Selenge then continues northward into Russia. Funerary stelae dating from the 8th century and containing some of the oldest known writing in a Turkic language were discovered near Karakorum in 1889 and are known as the Orhon inscriptions.

      The Orhon River is 700 miles (1,130 km) long and is navigable for shallow-draft vessels only in July and August. The river has a drainage area of some 51,000 square miles (132,000 square km). The primary tributaries are the Tuul, Haraa, and Yöröö rivers, all of which rise in the Hentiyn Mountains and enter the Orhon from the right. The Tuul river flows past Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, on its way to the Orhon. Because of unreliable rainfall and harsh winters, agriculture along the Orhon River is limited to subsistence farming.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orhon inscriptions — ▪ epigraphy Orhon also spelled  Orkhon,         oldest extant Turkish writings, discovered in the valley of the Orhon River, northern Mongolia, in 1889 and deciphered in 1893 by the Danish philologist Vilhelm Thomsen. They are on two large… …   Universalium

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

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  • Mongolia — /mong goh lee euh, mon /, n. 1. a region in Asia including Inner Mongolia of China and the Mongolian People s Republic. 2. Also, Nei Monggol. See Inner Mongolia. 3. Outer, former name of Mongolian People s Republic. * * * Mongolia Introduction… …   Universalium

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  • Karakorum — /kahr euh kawr euhm, kohr , kar /, n. a ruined city in central Mongolian People s Republic: capital of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century. * * * Ancient capital, Mongol empire. Its ruins lie on the upper Orhon River in north central Mongolia.… …   Universalium

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