- Joinville, Jean, sire de
died Dec. 24, 1317, JoinvilleFrench chronicler.A member of the lesser nobility of Champagne, Joinville became friends with Louis IX while taking part in the Seventh Crusade (1248–54). His famous Histoire de Saint Louis, completed с 1309, is a prose chronicle that provides a supreme account of that Crusade, including vivid descriptions of the financial hardships, the dangers of sea voyages, the ravages of disease, the confusion and lack of discipline in the Crusading army, and Muslim customs. On his return he was made seneschal of Champagne and divided his time between the royal court and his fief of Joinville.
* * *▪ French authorborn c. 1224, Joinville, Champagnedied Dec. 24, 1317, Joinvilleauthor of the famous Histoire de Saint-Louis, a chronicle in French prose, providing a supreme account of the Seventh Crusade (1248–54).A member of the lesser nobility of Champagne, Joinville first attended the court of Louis IX at Saumur (1241), probably as a squire. The young Joinville took the crusader's cross at the same time as the King (1244) and set out with him (August 1248) on his expedition to Egypt, from where the crusaders planned to attack Syria. Captured with the entire army, Louis and Joinville were ransomed, and Joinville became friends with Louis during the King's subsequent stay at Acre. They returned to France in 1254. While in Syria, Joinville wrote the first draft of a minor work, his Credo, a rather naive statement of belief that was probably revised later. Made seneschal of Champagne on his return, he became an expert in court procedures and seems to have divided his time between the royal court and his fief of Joinville. He refused to accompany the King on his fatal crusade to Tunis (1270), having previously told him that it was folly. Joinville lived to testify for the canonization of the King (1282) and to see it enacted (1298); he controlled his domain until his death at 93.Preliminary drafts of Joinville's major work, the Histoire de Saint-Louis (The History of St. Louis, or The Life of St. Louis), may have been begun as early as the 1270s, but the final form was commissioned by Jeanne of Champagne and Navarre, wife of King Philip IV the Fair. It was not completed at the time of her death (1305) and so was presented in 1309 to her son Louis X. The Histoire is a personal account, which, in the course of setting forth the exploits of his idol, King Louis IX, reveals Joinville himself as a deeply moving man: simple, honest, straightforward, affectionate. He makes no attempt to conceal his occasional cowardice, his lack of piety, his tactlessness, or his garrulity. Although the short narratives of Louis's early life and of his later reign, death, and canonization are valuable because of the author's proximity to them, the heart of the book lies in its lengthy central section, the account of the Crusade. Besides telling the financial hardships, the dangers of sea voyages, and the ravages of disease, he vividly describes the confusion and lack of discipline in the crusading army. A blunt adviser, Joinville paints his king's sublime unworldliness against his own frank humanity. In addition, the book describes Muslim customs.The original manuscript of the work disappeared from all records shortly after its composition. The Histoire was first printed and modernized from an inferior manuscript in 1547.
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Joinville, Jean, Sire de — • Seneschal of Champagne, historian, b in 1225; d. at Joinville, 1317 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Joinville, Jean, sire de — (ca. 1224–1317) Jean, sire de Joinville, is best known as the author of a lively and vivid biography of Louis IX (St. Louis), a narrative based on his personal memoirs of his friendship with the king and their exploits in the Seventh Crusade… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
JOINVILLE, JEAN, SIRE DE — French chronicler, seneschal of Champagne, born in Châlons sur Marne; author of the Vie de St. Louis ; followed Louis IX. in the crusade of 1248, but refused to join in that of 1270; he lived through six reigns, and his biography of his… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Jean, Sire de Joinville — Jean, Sire de Joinville † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jean, Sire de Joinville Seneschal of Champagne, historian, b. in 1225; d. at Joinville, 1317. His family held an important place in the feudal system of Champagne in the eleventh… … Catholic encyclopedia
Joinville — (Jean, sire de) (v. 1224 1317), chroniqueur français. Officier royal de Champagne, il accompagna Saint Louis en égypte (1248). Ses Mémoires relatent, avec naïveté, l histoire de ce roi … Encyclopédie Universelle
jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… … Universalium
Jean — Fr. /zhahonn/ for 1, 2; /jeen/ for 3, n. 1. born 1921, Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 1964. 2. a male given name, form of John. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet Jean Boulogne Jean Baptiste Poquelin… … Universalium
Jean De Joinville — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joinville. Jean de Joinville Jean de Joinville par Merry Joseph Blondel Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Jean de joinville — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joinville. Jean de Joinville Jean de Joinville par Merry Joseph Blondel Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
JOINVILLE (J. de) — JOINVILLE JEAN DE (1224 1317) Sénéchal de Champagne, Jean de Joinville participa en 1248 à la Septième Croisade où il connut rapidement des difficultés financières, et passa au service du roi, dont il devint le confident et le conseiller. Pris… … Encyclopédie Universelle