- Hammerstein, Oscar, II
born July 12, 1895, New York, N.Y., U.S.died Aug. 23, 1960, Doylestown, Pa.U.S. lyricist, musical-comedy author, and producer.Grandson of the opera impresario Oscar Hammerstein (1846–1919), he studied law at Columbia University before beginning his theatre career. Among his early musicals are Rose Marie (1924; music by Rudolf Friml), The Desert Song (1925; music by Sigmund Romberg), and the Jerome Kern musicals Sunny (1925) and Show Boat (1927), the latter a musical theatre landmark. In the early 1940s he began a famous collaboration with Richard Rodgers; the two soon became the preeminent figures in the American musical theatre, creating among others Oklahoma! (1943, Pulitzer Prize), Carousel (1945), State Fair (1945), South Pacific (1949, Pulitzer Prize), The King and I (1951), and The Sound of Music (1959). They formed the publishing firm Williamson Music, and from 1949 were theatrical producers as well.
* * *▪ American lyricist, librettist and producerborn July 12, 1895, New York, N.Y.died Aug. 23, 1960, Doylestown, Pa., U.S.U.S. lyricist, musical comedy author, and theatrical producer influential in the development of musical comedy and known especially for his immensely successful collaboration with the composer Richard Rodgers (Rodgers, Richard).The grandson of the opera impresario Oscar Hammerstein, he studied law at Columbia University before beginning his career in the theatre. Between 1920 and 1959 he wrote all or part of about 45 musical dramas for stage, film, or television. Until he became exclusively Rodgers' librettist in 1943 Hammerstein wrote lyrics for several other composers, among them Vincent Youmans, Rudolf Friml, Sigmund Romberg ( "Lover Come Back to Me" ; "Softly, As in a Morning Sunrise" ), and Jerome Kern ( "All the Things You Are" ; "The Last Time I Saw Paris" ). Among Hammerstein's best known early works are Rose Marie (1924; music by Friml); The Desert Song (1925; music by Romberg); and the Jerome Kern musicals Sunny (1925) and Show Boat (1927), which includes the perennial favourites, "Ol' Man River" and "Only Make Believe" .After a period of less successful writing for films he teamed with Richard Rodgers in creating Oklahoma! (1943; winner of the Pulitzer Prize, 1944), Carousel (1945), and South Pacific (1949; Pulitzer Prize in 1950), combining bright tunes with relatively sophisticated stories—a blend then unfamiliar to the stage but later widely adopted. Hammerstein's lyrics are often marked by a simplicity and sensitivity perhaps best exemplified by "If I Loved You" (from Carousel).Rodgers and Hammerstein formed a music publishing firm, Williamson Music, Inc., and from 1949 were theatrical producers for their own works as well as for those of many others. Other musical comedies with Rodgers include The King and I (1951), The Sound of Music (1959), Flower Drum Song (1958), and the film State Fair (1945).
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Hammerstein, Oscar I — (1847 1919) Born in Berlin, Oscar Hammerstein I ran away from his Prussian home in 1863 and worked in a cigar factory on his arrival in the United States, because he could not find employment as a musician. An enterprising young man,… … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (1895 1960) Born in New York City to a theatrical family, Oscar Hammerstein went to Columbia University, where he met Richard Rodgers. In 1918, Hammerstein became a stage manager for his uncle, and in 1920 he wrote the play Always You. With… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Hammerstein,Oscar — Ham·mer·stein (hămʹər stīn , stēn ), Oscar. 1846? 1919. German born American operatic manager who founded opera houses in Harlem (1888) and Manhattan (1906). His grandson Oscar Hammerstein II (1895 1960), a lyricist, collaborated on many musicals … Universalium
Hammerstein, Oscar II — (1895 1960) American librettist. He was the grandson of Oscar Hammerstein who built theatres and opera houses in New York City. He collaborated with Richard Rodgers and produced musicals including Oklahoma, South Pacific, The King and I and… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (12 jul. 1895, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–23 ago. 1960, Doylestown, Pa.). Letrista de comedias musicales y productor estadounidense. Nieto del empresario operístico Oscar Hammerstein (1846–1919), estudió derecho en la Universidad de Columbia antes… … Enciclopedia Universal
Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (1895–1960) American librettist. Hammerstein was born in New York and named after his grandfather, who had built ten theatres and opera houses in the city. The young man was a gifted librettist; he collaborated on the book for successes such… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (1895–1960) American dramatist and lyric writer, known for his collaborations with Jerome Kern and Richard Rodgers … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Oscar Hammerstein II — Oscar Hammerstein (rechts) mit Richard Rodgers] (links) und Irving Berlin (1948) Oscar Hammerstein II (* 12. Juli 1895 in New York City; † 23. August 1960 in Doyle … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oscar Hammerstein I — (left) with conductor Cleofonte Campanini in New York 1908. Oscar Hammerstein I (8 May 1847 – 1 August 1919) was a businessman, theater impresario and composer in New York City. His passion for opera led him to open several opera houses, and he… … Wikipedia
Oscar Hammerstein II — For collaborative work with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein. Oscar Hammerstein II Hammerstein watching hopefuls being auditioned on stage at the St. James Theatre Background information … Wikipedia