- Cullen, William
died Feb. 5, 1790, Kirknewton, near EdinburghScottish physician and professor.One of the first to teach in English rather than Latin, he was celebrated for his clinical lectures, which he gave in the infirmary from his own notes instead of a text. He taught that life was a function of nervous energy and that muscle was a continuation of nerve. His influential classification of disease included febrile diseases, nervous diseases, diseases produced by bad bodily habits, and local diseases.
* * *▪ Scottish physician and professorborn April 15, 1710, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scot.died Feb. 5, 1790, Kirknewton, near EdinburghScottish physician and professor of medicine, best known for his innovative teaching methods.After attending the University of Glasgow and the new medical school at Edinburgh, Cullen returned to Hamilton. He spent eight years in private clinical practice, attending without fee those too poor to afford his services. In 1740 he received his M.D. from Glasgow and several years later obtained permission to deliver a series of independent lectures on chemistry and medicine, the first to be offered in Great Britain. He was elected to the chair of medicine at Glasgow in 1751. In 1755 Cullen returned to the University of Edinburgh, where he was later appointed to the chair of the institutes (theory) of medicine and eventually became sole professor of medicine, the position he held until shortly before his death.Cullen taught that life was a function of nervous energy and that muscle was a continuation of nerve. He organized an influential classification of disease (human disease) (nosology) consisting of four major divisions: pyrexiae, or febrile diseases; neuroses, or nervous diseases; cachexiae, diseases produced by bad bodily habits; and locales, or local diseases. He was most famous, however, for his innovative teaching methods and forceful, inspiring lectures, which drew medical students to Edinburgh from throughout the English-speaking world. He was one of the first to teach in English rather than in Latin, and he delivered his clinical lectures in the infirmary, lecturing not from a text but from his own notes. His First Lines of the Practice of Physic (1777) was widely used as a textbook in Britain and the United States.
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CULLEN William — (1712 1798) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/historiamedicina/personas/cullen.htm]: Célebre médico inglés, considerado el menor de su época autor de First Lines of Physic, uno de los libros más consultados a lo largo de varias generaciones… … Diccionario médico
Cullen, William — (1710–1790) The great Enlightenment systematizer of illnesses, especially psychiatric, Cullen was born in Hamilton, Scotland, into the family of an estate official of the Duke of Hamilton. After years of study and itinerant work as a… … Historical dictionary of Psychiatry
Cullen, William — (15 abr. 1710, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Escocia–5 feb. 1790, Kirknewton, cerca de Edimburgo). Médico y profesor escocés. Uno de los primeros en enseñar en inglés en vez de latín. Fue celebrado por sus clases clínicas que dictaba en la enfermería a… … Enciclopedia Universal
CULLEN, WILLIAM — physician, born at Hamilton; studied in Glasgow; held successively the chairs of Chemistry, the Institutes of Medicine, and Medicine in Edinburgh University; author of several medical works; did much to advance the science of medicine; the… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
William Cullen — William Cullen. William Cullen (* 15. April 1710 in Hamilton, Lanarkshire; † 5. Februar 1790 in Kirknewton (Schottland)) war ein schottischer Mediziner und Chemiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Cullen, Baron Cullen of Whitekirk — William Douglas Cullen, Baron Cullen of Whitekirk, KT, PC, FRSE, Hon FEng (born 18 November 1935), is one of the senior members of the Scottish Judiciary. He was appointed as Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session in 2001 … Wikipedia
Cullen — Cullen, William, einer der berühmtesten engl. Aerzte des vorigen Jahrh., geb. 1712 in einem Dorfe der schott. Grafschaft Lanark, war zuerst Wundarzt, studierte später in Edinburg Medicin, wurde 1746 Professor der Chemie in Glasgow, dann Professor … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Cullen — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cullen est un patronyme d’origine écossaise producteur de diverses homonymies : Sommaire 1 XIXe siècle 2 XXe siècle … Wikipédia en Français
William Cullen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir William Cullen Bryant. William Cullen. William Cullen, né le 15 avril 1710 et décédé le 5 février 1790 … Wikipédia en Français
William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… … Universalium