Camillus, Marcus Furius


Camillus, Marcus Furius
died 365 BC

Roman soldier and statesman.

He allegedly defeated the Gauls after their sack of Rome (с 390), for which he was honoured as the city's second founder. Awarded four triumphs and made dictator five times, he enjoyed his greatest victory in 396, over the Etruscans at Veii. Though a patrician, he adopted reforms beneficial to the army and the plebeians (367).

* * *

▪ Roman soldier
died 365 BC
 Roman soldier and statesman who came to be honoured after the sack of Rome by the Gauls (c. 390) as the second founder of the city.

      Camillus celebrated four triumphs and served five times as dictator of Rome. His greatest victory was as dictator in 396 BC, when he conquered the Etruscan city of Veii. He was again appointed dictator in 390, when the Gauls had captured Rome, and he is said to have defeated the invaders. That victory, however, was probably invented to counterbalance Rome's defeat by the Gauls at the Allia River the same year. Thereafter he fought successfully against the Aequi, Volsci, Etruscans, and Gauls.

      Although a patrician conscious of his class interest, he introduced pay for the army at the siege of Veii, and, realizing the need to make concessions to the plebeians, he accepted the Licinian–Sextian reform laws in 367. Although Roman writers may have exaggerated his achievements, Camillus clearly played a dominant role in Rome's recovery in the decades after the Gallic sack of the city.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CAMILLUS, MARCUS FURIUS —    a famous patrician of early Rome; took Veii, a rival town, after a ten years siege; retired into voluntary exile at Ardea on account of the envy of his enemies in Rome; recalled from exile, saved Rome from destruction by the Gauls under… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Marcus Furius Camillus (consul en 8) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marcus Furius Camillus. Marcus Furius Camillus est un homme politique des débuts de l Empire romain. Il est consul en l an 8 et l un des amis proches du futur empereur Tibère. Il est le père de Livia Medullina… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcus Furius Camillus (consul of 8 AD) — For the Roman statesman from 446 – 365 BC, see Marcus Furius Camillus. Marcus Furius Camillus, the consul of 8, was a close friend of the emperor Tiberius. He was the father of Livia Medullina who was betrothed to Claudius allegedly at Tiberius s …   Wikipedia

  • Marcus Furius Camilius — Marcus Furius Camillus Pour les articles homonymes, voir Camille et Marcus Furius Camillus (consul en 8). Marcus Furius Camillus dit Camille, est un général et homme d État romain, né vers 446 av. J. C., d une famille patricienne sans renommée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcus Furius Camillus — (* um 446 v. Chr.; † 365 v. Chr.) war ein Politiker und Feldherr der römischen Republik, der auch „zweiter Gründer Roms“ genannt wird. Allerdings sind zahlreiche Einzelheiten seines Lebens von der späteren Überlieferung ausgeschmückt worden.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus Furius Camillus (Konsul 8) — Marcus Furius Camillus war ein römischer Politiker und Senator in der ersten Hälfte des 1. Jahrhunderts n. Chr. Camillus stammte aus der altpatrizischen Familie der Furii. Seine Söhne waren Marcus Furius Camillus, Arvalbruder im Jahr 37, und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus Furius Camillus (II) — was a Roman governor of Africa proconsularis province who inflicted a crushing defeat on the Numidian rebel Tacfarinas in a pitched battle in 17 AD. For this victory, the emperor Tiberius (ruled 14 37 AD) awarded him insignia triumphalia… …   Wikipedia

  • MARCUS Furius Camillus — vide Camillus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Marcus Furius Camillus — Francesco Salviati, Triumph of Furius Camillus, Fresco in the Salone dei Cinquecento, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy. Plutarch, Camillus: Camillus ... assumed more to himself than became a civil and legal magistrate; among other things, in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Marcus Furius Camillus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Camille et Marcus Furius Camillus (consul en 8). Marcus Furius Camillus Pays République Romaine Titre Général Faits d armes 396 : Siège de Véies …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.