Borsippa


Borsippa
Ancient city, Babylonia.

Located southwest of Babylon (near modern Al-Ḥillah, Iraq), its proximity to that capital helped it become an important religious centre. Hammurabi built or rebuilt the temple at Borsippa, dedicating it to the deity Marduk. During the reign of Nebuchadrezzar II, the city reached its greatest prosperity. Borsippa was destroyed by Xerxes I in the early 5th century BC and never fully recovered.

* * *

▪ ancient city, Iraq
modern  Birs , or  Birs Nimrud 

      ancient Babylonian city southwest of Babylon in central Iraq. Its patron god was Nabu, and the city's proximity to the capital, Babylon, helped it to become an important religious centre. Hammurabi (reigned 1792–50 BC) built or rebuilt the Ezida temple at Borsippa, dedicating it to Marduk (the national god of Babylonia); subsequent kings recognized Nabu as the deity of Ezida and made him the son of Marduk, his temple becoming second only to that of Marduk in Babylon.

      During Nebuchadrezzar II's reign (605–562 BC), Borsippa reached its greatest prosperity. An incomplete and now ruined ziggurat built by Nebuchadrezzar was excavated in 1902 by the German archaeologist Robert Koldewey. The ziggurat appears to have been destroyed by an extremely hot fire, probably caused by the spontaneous combustion of reed matting and bitumen originally placed in the core of the structure for internal support. Borsippa was destroyed by the Achaemenian king Xerxes I in the early 5th century and never fully recovered.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Borsippa — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Borsippa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las ciudades de la antigua Mesopotamia. La ciudad de Borsippa es una de las más occidentales. Borsippa fue una importante ciudad de la antigua Mesopotamia (Iraq), que se levantó en las orillas de un lago a unos 18… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Borsippa — (modern Birs Nimrud site, Iraq) was an important ancient city of Sumer, built on both sides of a lake about 17.7 km (11 miles) southwest of Babylon, on the east bank of the Euphrates. The site of Borsippa is now called Birs Nimrud , identifying… …   Wikipedia

  • BORSIPPA — BORSIPPA, the modern Birs Nimrud, city in Babylonia, south of the city of Babylon and the river Euphrates, and connected with Babylon by the Barsip canal. In medieval times it was known as Burs (a similar form occurs in Av. Zar. 11b; Kid, 72a).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Borsippa — (babylon. Barsip, auch Bursip, bei Strabon Borsippa, bei Ptolemäus Barsita), die Schwesterstadt Babylons, auf der rechten, westlichen Euphratseite gelegen. Stadtgott war Nebo, dessen Haupttempel, genannt »das ewige Haus«, einen den »sieben… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Borsippa — (a. Geogr.), Stadt am linken Ufer des Euphrat, in Babylonien, wo die Chaldäer eine Schule der Astronomie hatten. Hier Tempel des Apollo u. der Artemis. Vielleicht so v.w. Barsita bei Ptolemäos; nach ihr wurde die chaldäische Secte Borsippeni… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Borsippa — (assyr. Barsib oder Barsip), im Altertum südwestl. Vorstadt von Babel, wo die Astronomie bes. gepflegt wurde; Ruinen (Birs Nimrud) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • BORSIPPA — urbs Babyloniae, olim Dianae et Apollini sacra, in qua maximum lanifieium est, et maxima vespertilionum multitudo in esum conditur, Strabo l. 16. Steph. Βόσιππα feminin. gener. aut neutri plurais fcribit …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Borsippa — 32°23′31.19″N 44°20′30.08″E / 32.3919972, 44.3416889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Borsippa — Bọrsippa   [griechisch], akkadisch Bạrsip, Bạrsib, heute Bịrs Nimrud, alte babylonische Stadt im heutigen Südirak, 15 km südlich von Babylon, mit dem Borsippa durch einen Kanal verbunden war; heute Ruinenhügel (Ausgrabungen 1854 durch H.… …   Universal-Lexikon