- Achinese War
(1873–1904) Armed conflict between The Netherlands and the Muslim sultanate of Acheh in northern Sumatra.The Dutch considered the sultanate to be within their northern Sumatran sphere of influence and invaded it. Although the sultan capitulated, the Achinese people engaged the Dutch in a prolonged and costly guerrilla war, which the Dutch were able to win only by researching the area and devising a new "castle strategy" that relied on fortified bases.
* * *▪ Southeast Asian history(1873–1904), an armed conflict between The Netherlands and the Muslim sultanate of Acheh (now Aceh) in northern Sumatra that resulted in Dutch conquest of the Achinese and, ultimately, in Dutch domination of the entire region. In 1871 The Netherlands and Britain had signed a treaty that recognized Dutch influence in northern Sumatra in return for Dutch confirmation of Britain's right of equal trade in the Indies.The Dutch, considering Acheh as within their sphere of influence, decided to conquer the area and sent two expeditions to Acheh in 1873. The palace was seized and shortly afterward the Achinese sultan died. The Dutch suspended military operations and concluded a treaty with the new sultan, who recognized Dutch sovereignty over the area. He was unable to control his subjects, however, and Dutch forces became involved in a prolonged guerrilla war in the countryside. This war, however, drained the colonial treasury, and public opinion in The Netherlands became increasingly critical of the colonial administration.The administration later realized that their ignorance of the region had led them to commit serious errors. C. Snouck Hurgronje (Snouck Hurgronje, Christiaan), professor of Islāmic studies at the University of Leyden, was invited to undertake a thorough study of Acheh and published a book in 1893–94 on the Achinese. A “castle strategy,” which provided fortified bases for the Dutch troops, was then introduced. Under the leadership of J.B. van Heutsz, who was appointed military and civil governor of Acheh in 1899, the kingdom was quickly subdued. The conquest of the entire region was accomplished by van Heutsz in 1904.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Achinese War — (1873–1907) A protracted but low level and sporadic conflict waged by the Muslim population of Acheh in northern Sumatra against Dutch rule. Acheh had been an independent sultanate for four centuries before the subjugation of Sumatra by the… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Achinese — /ah cheuh neez , nees , ach euh /, n., pl. Achinese. Atjehnese. * * * One of the main ethnic groups on the island of Sumatra, Indon. In the 13th century the Achinese became the first people in the archipelago to adopt Islam. After expelling the… … Universalium
war — war1 /wawr/, n., v., warred, warring, adj. n. 1. a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. 2. a state or period of armed hostility or active military… … Universalium
Banda Aceh — ▪ municipality, Indonesia kotamadya (municipality), capital of Aceh semiautonomous province, Indonesia. It is located on the Aceh River at the northwestern tip of the island of Sumatra, facing the Andaman Sea. (Andaman Sea) Banda Aceh is… … Universalium
Ketuanan Melayu — United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) Youth Chief Hishammuddin Hussein brandishing the kris (dagger), an action seen by some as a defense of ketuanan Melayu … Wikipedia
Malay race — This article is about the Malay race. For the Malay ethnic group, see Malays (ethnic group). For other uses, see Malay (disambiguation). Area historically regarded as being inhabited by the original Austronesian people and later migrations The… … Wikipedia
ISO 639:a — L ISO 639 définit une codification des noms de langues, La liste des codes ISO 639 est présentée dans 26 séries de tableaux alphabétiques regroupant les codes suivants : Code ISO 639 3 à trois lettres (alpha 3) ; dont le présent article … Wikipédia en Français