Xiangtan


Xiangtan
/shyahng"tahn"/, n. Pinyin.
a city in E Hunan, in S China. 300,000.
Also, Hsiangt'an, Siangtan.

* * *

China
Wade-Giles romanization  Hsiang-t'an 

      city, eastern Hunan (Henan) sheng (province), China. It is situated on the Xiang River at its confluence with the Lian River, 22 miles (35 km) south of Changsha, the provincial capital. Xiangtan has good communications by water in Hunan as far as Hengyang to the south and Shaoyang to the southwest.

      Xiangtan was first established in the early 6th century CE but it was subordinate to Changsha. Originally some distance south of the present city site, it was moved to its present site in 749 and has remained a county under the same name ever since, except for a brief interval in the 13th and 14th centuries when it became an independent prefecture. In 1950 the city of Xiangtan was established by separating the administrative seat of the county, along with its surrounding area, from the county proper. Shaoshan, the birthplace of Mao Zedong, located in the northwestern part of the county, was set off initially as a district subordinate to Xiangtan and later (1990) was made a city unto itself.

      Xiangtan was opened to foreign trade in 1905. With the construction of the northern section of the Hankou-Guangzhou (Canton) railway in 1918, however, Xiangtan was bypassed, since the rail line went through Zhuzhou (formerly a small market town under its jurisdiction) to the east. Xiangtan did not get its own rail link until 1957, when a line stretching westward from Zhuzhou to Loudi was opened. That line subsequently was extended to Shaoyang to the southwest and to Xinhua to the west, and the line from Xinhua later was continued westward to Guiyang (in Guizhou (Kweichow) province).

      The city has continued to be a major river port and is the main market and collecting centre for the rich rice area of the Lian river valley. Traditionally it was a great centre of the medicinal-herb business, the effects of its trade stretching far into Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, and Guangdong provinces. Before 1949 the city's only modern industries were the generation of electricity and the manufacture of electric equipment.

      The old city—the commercial centre and port—was located on the west bank of the Xiang River. Since 1949 a major new industrial city has grown up on the east bank. This includes a large cotton-textile industry and a large electric wire and cable plant as well as an electrical equipment plant that makes a wide range of products. There is also a large iron and steel complex, built in the late 1950s. Xiangtan remains a commercial centre for the agricultural produce of southern and southwestern Hunan. However, the city has also become the most important base of heavy industry in Hunan, its output of iron and steel, electrical machinery, textiles, and chemicals constituting a significant portion of the province's total production. In addition, it is a centre for rice milling and is a major producer of hog bristles, and it has a university. Pop. (2002 est.) 561,706.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xiangtan — Xiāngtán · 湘潭 Localisation de la préfecture de Xiangtan (en ja …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xiangtan —   [ɕiaȖ ], Siangtan, Stadt in der Provinz Hunan, China, am unteren Xiang Jiang (Flusshafen), rd. 500 000 Einwohner; Verwaltungs und Handelszentrum mit Eisen und Stahlindustrie (lokale Erzvorkommen), Bau von Elektromotoren, Baumwollverarbeitung,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Xiangtan — Lage in der Provinz Hunan Xiangtan (湘潭市) ist eine bezirksfreie Stadt im Osten der chinesischen Provinz Hunan. Sie liegt an der Mündung des Flusses Lian Shui 涟水 in den Xiang Jiang. Sie hat einen Flusshafen und einen Bahnhof. Sie hat Textil und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xiangtan — Infobox Settlement name =Xiangtan official name = other name = native name = nickname = settlement type =Prefecture level city total type = motto = translit lang1=Chinese translit lang1 type=Chinese translit lang1 info=湘潭 translit lang1… …   Wikipedia

  • Xiangtan — 湘潭 Municipalidad de Xiangtan Municipalidad de China …   Wikipedia Español

  • Xiangtan — Original name in latin Xiangtan Name in other language Hsiang t an ch eng, Hsiang t an hsien, Hsiang t an shih, Hsiang tan, Hsiang t’an ch’eng, Hsiang t’an hsien, Hsiang t’an shih, Siangtan, Siangtanhsien, Sjantan , Xiangtan, Сянтань State code… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Xiangtan — or Hsiang t an or Siangtan geographical name city SE China in E Hunan on the Xiang S of Changsha population 441,968 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Xiangtan — (Hsiangt´an) ► Ciudad del centro sur de China, en la provincia de Hunan; 441 968 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Xiangtan — Anden stavemåde for Siangtan …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Xiangtan — Xiang•tan or Siangtan [[t]ˈʃyɑŋˈtɑn[/t]] n. pin geg a city in E Hunan, in S China. 441,968 …   From formal English to slang