tibia


tibia
tibial, adj.
/tib"ee euh/, n., pl. tibiae /tib"ee ee'/, tibias.
1. Anat. the inner of the two bones of the leg, that extend from the knee to the ankle and articulate with the femur and the talus; shinbone. See diag. under skeleton.
2. Zool.
a. a corresponding bone in a horse or other hoofed quadruped, extending from the stifle to the hock.
b. (in insects) the fourth segment of the leg, between the femur and tarsus. See diag. under coxa.
[1685-95; < L tibia lit., reed pipe]

* * *

bone
also called  shin 
 inner and larger of the two bones of the lower leg in vertebrates—the other is the fibula. In humans the tibia forms the lower half of the knee joint above and the inner protuberance of the ankle below. The upper part consists of two fairly flat-topped prominences, or condyles, that articulate with the condyles of the thighbone, or femur, above. The attachment of the ligament of the kneecap, or patella, to the tibial tuberosity in front completes the knee joint. The lateral condyle is larger and includes the point at which the fibula articulates. The tibia's shaft is approximately triangular in cross section; its markings are influenced by the strength of the attached muscles. It is attached to the fibula throughout its length by an interosseous membrane.

      At the lower end of the tibia there is a medial extension (the medial malleolus), which forms part of the ankle joint and articulates with the talus (anklebone) below; there is also a fibular notch, which meets the lower end of the shaft of the fibula.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tibia — [ tibja ] n. m. • 1541; mot lat. « flûte », puis « os » à l époque impériale ♦ Le plus gros des deux os de la jambe, en forme de prisme triangulaire. Tibia et péroné. Fracture du tibia. Partie antérieure de la jambe, où se trouve le tibia. Tibias …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tibia — TÍBIA, tibii, s.f. Os lung şi gros al piciorului, situat între genunchi şi gleznă, lângă peroneu, cu care formează scheletul gambei. [pr.: bi a] – Din fr., lat. tibia. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  TÍBIA s. (anat.) fluier,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Tibia — Tibia …   Википедия

  • Tibia — (lat.) bezeichnet das Schienbein den Unterschenkel bei Gliederfüßern, siehe Tibia (Gliederfüßer) eine Gattung von Meeresschnecken, siehe Tibia (Schnecken) ein antikes Rohrblattinstrument, siehe Aulos eine Knochenflöte namentlich: Tibia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tibia — f. anat. Hueso par, largo y voluminoso que se halla en la parte anterior e interna de la pierna, junto al peroné. Se articula con el fémur por la parte superior, con el astrágalo (del pie) por la parte inferior y con el peroné, por el lateral.… …   Diccionario médico

  • Tibia —   [lateinisch, eigentlich »ausgehöhlter Stab«] die, /...biae,    1) Anatomie: das Schienbein (Bein). Bei Insekten die Schiene als Teil des Beins.    2) Musik: ursprünglich eine altrömische Knochenflöte, später lateinische Bezeichnung für ein dem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • tibia — (n.) lower leg bone, 1726, from L. tibia shinbone, also pipe, flute, in which sense it originally came into English (1540s). Of unknown origin. The Latin plural is tibiæ …   Etymology dictionary

  • tibia — tȋbia ž DEFINICIJA glazb. 1. pov. a. prvobitno koštana svirala b. puhaći instrument s dvostrukim jezičkom, ekvivalent grčkom aulosu 2. kod orgulja, jedan od registara iz skupine flauta ETIMOLOGIJA lat. tibia …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • tibia — (Del lat. tibĭa). 1. f. Anat. Hueso principal y anterior de la pierna, que se articula con el fémur, el peroné y el astrágalo. 2. Zool. Una de las piezas, alargada en forma de varilla, de las patas de los insectos, que por uno de sus extremos se… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • tibia — [tib′ē ə] n. pl. tibiae [tib′ē ē΄] or tibias [L < ?] 1. the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and the ankle; shinbone: see SKELETON 2. a corresponding bone in the leg of other vertebrates 3. the fourth… …   English World dictionary

  • Tibia — Tib i*a, n.; pl. {Tibi[ae]}. [L.] 1. (Anat.) The inner, or preaxial, and usually the larger, of the two bones of the leg or hind limb below the knee. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) The fourth joint of the leg of an insect. See Illust. under… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.