tatami


tatami
/teuh tah"mee/, n., pl. tatami, tatamis.
(in Japanese houses) any of a number of thick, woven straw mats of uniform dimensions, about three feet by six feet (91 cm by 183 cm), the placing of which determines the dimensions of an interior.
[1895-1900; < Japn, n. use of v.: to fold up]

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plural  tatami,  or  tatamis,  

      rectangular mat used as a floor covering in Japanese houses. It consists of a thick straw base and a soft, finely woven rush cover with cloth borders. A tatami measures approximately 180 by 90 cm (6 by 3 feet) and is about 5 cm (2 inches) thick. In shinden and shoin domestic architecture, tatami completely cover the floor.

      From primitive times, the floor has remained the common surface for sitting and sleeping in Japanese architecture. To protect the floor and the tatami, outdoor footwear is left in the genkan, or entrance hall, before entering. Tatami are susceptible to wear and must be replaced on occasion. Because the floor has an intimate quality for the Japanese, its characteristics are important in establishing the interior space. Thus, the standardized size of the mat has created an important modular unit in the development of Japanese architecture; for example, the shoji, or outer sliding partition doors, are approximately as high as the tatami are long. The number of mats required to cover the floor is often used to indicate the size of a room: e.g., a two-mat room, a six-mat room. The placement of objects in the tokonoma, an alcove for the display of art, and the construction of the garden are considered from the eye level of a person seated on a tatami.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tatami — [ tatami ] n. m. • 1904; tatames plur. 1830; mot jap. ♦ Tapis, natte couvrant le sol des locaux où l on pratique les sports de combat japonais. Des tatamis. ● tatami nom masculin (japonais tatami) Tapis épais fait de nattes en paille de riz… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tatami — tatámi s. n. Trimis de siveco, 19.07.2006. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  TATÁMI s.n. 1. Covor gros, un fel de rogojină, pe care se practică unele lupte marţiale, ca judo, jiu jitsu, karate etc. 2. Aşternut de pai pentru plajă. (< fr. tatami)… …   Dicționar Român

  • tatami — 1610s, from Japanese tatami …   Etymology dictionary

  • tatâmi — s. m. 1. Tecido de palha entrelaçada, usado como tapete ou revestimento. 2. Superfície destinada à prática de alguns esportes de combate, como o judô. = TAPETE • Sinônimo geral: TATAME   ‣ Etimologia: japonês tatami …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Tatami — Tatami: Das in jüngster Zeit ins Dt. aufgenommene Substantiv bezeichnet eine »mit Stroh gefüllte Matte, die als Unterlage für ↑ {{link}}Futons{{/link}} u. Ä. dient«. Das zugrunde liegende gleichbed. jap. tatami ist eigentlich die Bezeichnung für… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • tatami — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: deporte Alfombra especial acolchada sobre la que se practican los deportes de lucha como el yudo y el kárate: Sobre el tatami Guadalupe se transforma en una persona muy agresiva …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • tatami — [tə tä′mē] n. pl. tatami or tatamis [Jpn < nominal form of tatamu, to fold up, pile up] a floor mat woven of rice straw, used traditionally in Japanese homes for sitting on, as when eating …   English World dictionary

  • tatami — tatàmi m <G ja> DEFINICIJA sport strunjača, podloga za istočnjačke borilačke sportove (judo, karate, itd.); originalna od rižine slame, danas od gume, sintetike i sl. ETIMOLOGIJA jap …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • tatami — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n ndm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} mata słomiana, którą pokrywa się podłogi w domu japońskim <jap.> {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • tatami — (De or. jap.). m. Tapiz acolchado sobre el que se ejecutan algunos deportes, como el yudo o el kárate …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Tatami — Ein traditionelles Washitsu mit Shoji (Schiebewänden) und Tatami Tatami (jap. 畳, traditionell auch 疊, 疉 oder 疂) ist eine Matte aus Reis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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