sucrose


sucrose
/sooh"krohs/, n. Chem.
a crystalline disaccharide, C12H22O11, the sugar obtained from the sugarcane, the sugar beet, and sorghum, and forming the greater part of maple sugar; sugar.
[1855-60; < F sucre SUGAR + -OSE2]

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or table sugar

Organic compound, colourless, sweet-tasting crystals that dissolve in water.

Sucrose (C12H22O11) is a disaccharide; hydrolysis, by the enzyme invertase, yields "invert sugar" (so called because the hydrolysis results in an inversion of the rotation of plane polarized light), a 50:50 mixture of fructose and glucose, its two constituent monosaccharides. Sucrose occurs naturally in sugarcane, sugar beets, sugar-maple sap, dates, and honey. It is produced commercially in large amounts (especially from sugarcane and sugar beets) and is used almost entirely as food. See also sugar.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sucrose — Sucrose …   Wikipedia

  • Sucrose — Su crose , n. [F. sucre sugar. See {Sugar}.] (Chem.) A common variety of sugar found in the juices of many plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, sugar maple, beet root, etc. It is extracted as a sweet, white crystalline substance which is valuable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sucrose — (Saccharose, almindeligt sukker) er et kulhydrat (disaccharid) sammensat af glucose og fructose. Ved hydrolyse kan sucrose adskilles i disse bestanddele, hvorved fremkommer en blanding kaldet invertsukker …   Danske encyklopædi

  • sucrose — sucrose. См. сахароза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • sucrose — 1857, formed from Fr. sucre sugar (see SUGAR (Cf. sugar)) + chemical suffix OSE (Cf. ose) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sucrose — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ a compound which is the chief component of cane or beet sugar. ORIGIN from French sucre sugar …   English terms dictionary

  • sucrose — [so͞o′krōs΄] n. [< Fr sucre,SUGAR + OSE1] Chem. a pure crystalline disaccharide extracted from sugar cane or sugar beets and consisting of glucose and fructose joined together in the molecule …   English World dictionary

  • Sucrose — Saccharose Saccharose Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sucrose — A nonreducing disaccharide made up of d glucose and d fructose obtained from sugar cane, Saccharum officinarum (family Gramineae), from several species of sorghum, and from the sugar beet, Beta vulgaris (family Chenopodiaceae); the common… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sucrose — Strukturformel Kristallsystem monoklin sphenoidisch Allgemeines Name …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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