Sucre


Sucre
/sooh"krdde/, n.
1. Antonio José de /ahn taw"nyaw haw se" dhe/, 1793-1830, Venezuelan general and South American liberator: 1st president of Bolivia 1826-28.
2. a city in and the official capital of Bolivia, in the S part. 57,090.
3. (l.c.) a cupronickel coin and monetary unit of Ecuador, equal to 100 centavos. Abbr.: S.

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Judicial capital (pop., 2001: 193,873), Bolivia.

Founded by the Spanish (с 1539) on the site of a Charcas Indian village, it became the capital of the Charcas territory of Upper Peru in 1561 and in 1609 the seat of an archdiocese. Many of its colonial churches survive. It was an early scene (1809) of the revolt against Spain. The Bolivian declaration of independence was signed there in 1825, and it became the capital in 1839. An effort to move the capital to La Paz in 1898 precipitated a civil war, which left the two cities sharing capital status. Sucre is also the seat of the national supreme court. It is a growing commercial centre. The University of San Francisco Xavier, one of the oldest universities in South America, was founded there in 1624.

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 judicial capital of Bolivia. ( La Paz is the country's administrative capital.) Sucre lies in a fertile valley crossed by the Cachimayo River 9,153 feet (2,790 metres) above sea level. It was founded in 1539 by the conquistador Pedro de Anzúrez on the site of a Charcas Indian village and has been variously called La Plata (the Spanish colonial name), Charcas, and Chuquisaca (the former indigenous name for the site, probably meaning “headquarters of the Charcas”). Many colonial churches survive, including the 17th-century Basílica Metropolitana and the churches of La Recoleta, San Lazaro, La Merced, San Miguel, and Santa Clara.

      In 1561 the city became the capital of Charcas audiencia (judicial and military territory of Upper Peru) and in 1609 the seat of an archdiocese. An early (1809) revolutionary centre, the city became the capital of Bolivia in 1839. The following year it was renamed in honour of the liberator Antonio José de Sucre (Sucre, Antonio José de). In 1898 an effort to move the capital to La Paz resulted in a civil war. The outcome was a compromise: Sucre remained the capital in name and law and the seat of the Supreme Court, but the executive and legislature moved to La Paz.

      Sucre is home to several museums, including the Casa de la Libertad, which displays Bolivia's Declaration of Independence; a textile museum; and a children's museum. One of the oldest universities in South America, Universidad Mayor, Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier (St. Francis Xavier University), was founded in Sucre in 1624. The city contains many examples of Spanish colonial architecture and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1991.

      Roads to Potosí, Cochabamba, and Santa Cruz and secondary roads to nearby valleys have made Sucre a commercial and agricultural centre of growing importance. Industrial establishments include an oil refinery and a cement plant. Extensive dinosaur tracks have been found at the cement quarry and other nearby sites. Pop. (2001) 193,876.

      departamento, northern Colombia, in the Caribbean coastal plain, crossed by the Cauca (Cauca River) and San Jorge rivers. Except for low hills in the north, the entire department is composed of lowlands. Cattle raising is widespread. Principal crops include rice, corn (maize), bananas, and tobacco. Shrimp trawlers operate in the Gulf of Morrosquillo. There are some cement factories. The Cartagena–Medellín highway traverses Sucre from north to south, passing through Sincelejo, the departmental capital. Area 4,215 square miles (10,917 square km). Pop. (2007 est.) 792,377.

      estado (state), northeastern Venezuela, bounded north and west by the Caribbean Sea and east by the Gulf of Paria. The territory of 4,556 sq mi (11,800 sq km) is traversed by the northeastern highlands. Despite rugged terrain and excessive dryness in the west, Sucre is one of Venezuela's important agricultural states. Among leading crops are cacao, sweet potatoes, bananas, coconuts, and coffee. Fishing is important in the Caribbean, and an important seafood industry has been developed, particularly in Cumaná, the state capital and a commercial port and regional industrial centre. Sucre's mineral resources include asphalt from Lake Guanoco, salt from the Península de Araya, and gypsum from near Macuro. Pop. (2007 est.) 916,646.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • sucré — sucré, ée (su kré, krée) part. passé de sucrer. 1°   Rendu doux avec du sucre. Votre café est sucré. Un verre d eau sucrée. 2°   Il se dit des fruits, des légumes qui sont fort doux, qui ont le goût du sucre. Ces fruits sont très sucrés. 3°   Par …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • SUCRE (A. J. de) — SUCRE ANTONIO JOSÉ DE (1795 1830) Figure marquante, Sucre peut être considéré comme le Saint Just des guerres d’indépendance hispano américaines. Il est le compatriote de Bolívar, et son fidèle lieutenant, le suivant dans toutes ses campagnes; sa …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sucre — SÚCRE s.m. Unitate monetară în Ecuador. [< sp. sucre]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 01.10.2005. Sursa: DN  SUCRE SÚCR/ s. m. unitate monetară a statului Ecuador. (< sp. sucre) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Sucre [3] — Sucre, 1) Hauptstadt des Depart. Chuquisaca in Bolivia (Südamerika) und eine der drei Hauptstädte der Republik, 2694 m ü. M., in einer von Bergen geschützten Ebene, am Cochimayo, einem Nebenfluß des Pilcomayo, hat gut gebaute, meist einstöckige… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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