/snef"rooh/, n.fl. c2920 B.C., Egyptian ruler of the 4th dynasty.
* * *▪ king of Egyptalso spelled Sneferuflourished 25th century BCEfirst king of ancient Egypt of the 4th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2575–c. 2465 BCE). He fostered the evolution of the highly centralized administration that marked the climax of the Old Kingdom (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2575–c. 2130 BCE).Snefru came from a family in Middle Egypt, near Hermopolis (Hermopolis Magna), and probably ascended the throne by marrying the royal heiress, his predecessor's daughter. Records of his reign are sparse, but it is clear from extensive cemeteries around his own and his son's pyramids that members of the royal family were appointed to the highest administrative offices. The office of vizier became especially important, and its holders were princes very close to the succession.Royal annals of the Old Kingdom state that Snefru led an extensive raid southward into Nubia, where he captured much booty. Later in his reign a smaller raid was conducted westward against the Libyans, and in the Sinai (Sinai Peninsula) two reliefs of the king attest his presence in the turquoise mines. Excavations in the valley temple of one of Snefru's pyramids at Dahshūr, southwest of Cairo, disclosed the earliest list of nomes (nome) (administrative and governmental divisions of Egypt), although the actual organization of the country probably occurred earlier. The list also shows that the king held extensive estates throughout Egypt.Snefru built two large pyramids at Dahshūr. The first pyramid, called the Blunted (or Bent) Pyramid, was begun with steep sides. When structural faults became evident, the angle was sharply reduced, producing the bent appearance of the structure. This monument was the first attempt to build a true pyramid. Some years later Snefru successfully built a true pyramid, called the Red Pyramid, north of the first, which perhaps became the king's burial place. Both monuments stand today.After a 24-year reign, Snefru was succeeded by his son Khufu, the renowned builder of the Great Pyramid at Al-Jīzah (Jīzah, Al-) (see Pyramids of Giza (Giza, Pyramids of)). Later Middle Kingdom (Egypt, ancient) (1938–c. 1630 BCE) tradition viewed Snefru's reign as a golden age. The king was pictured as a beneficent ruler, and numerous places named for him kept their names long after his death. He also became the central or secondary figure of a number of popular tales.
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Snefru — Snefru это криптографическая однонаправленная хеш функция, предложенная Ральфом Мерклом. (Само название Snefru, продолжая традиции блочных шифров Khufu и Khafre, также разработанных Ральфом Мерклом, представляет собой имя египетского… … Википедия
Snefru — est une fonction de hachage cryptographique inventée par Ralph Merkle en 1989 alors qu il travaillait pour le compte de Xerox au centre de recherche de Palo Alto. Tout comme Khufu et Khafre, les deux chiffrements conçus par Merkle, Snefru porte… … Wikipédia en Français
Snefru — is a cryptographic hash function invented by Ralph Merkle which supports 128 bit and 256 bit output. It was named after the Egyptian Pharaoh Sneferu, continuing the tradition of the Khufu and Khafre block ciphers.The original design of Snefru was … Wikipedia
Snefru — Der Name Snefru bezeichnet: eine alternative Schreibweise des altägyptischen Pharaos Snofru eine Hashfunktion, siehe Snefru (Hashfunktion) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Snefru — Esnofru, o Snefru, fue el primer faraón de la cuarta dinastía egipcia (2.639 um 2.604 a.C.), perteniciente al Imperio Antiguo. Otros nombres de este faraón son : ● Horus Neb Maat (Nb m3 t) (Nombre de Horus) ● Hor us de oro (Bjk nbw) ● Snfrw… … Enciclopedia Universal
Snefru — (reigned c. 2615–2592 BC) First king of Dynasty 4 of unknown origin. His mother, Meresankh I, bore the title of queen mother but not queen, so his father is unlikely to have been Huni, last ruler of the previous dynasty. He built possibly… … Ancient Egypt
Snefru — /snef rooh/, n. fl. c2920 B.C., Egyptian ruler of the 4th dynasty … Useful english dictionary
Snefru (Hashfunktion) — Snefru (benannt nach dem ägyptischen Pharao Sneferu) ist eine von Ralph Merkle entwickelte kryptologische Hashfunktion, die für beliebig lange Nachrichten einen Hash Wert von 128 bzw. 256 Bit Länge berechnet. Eli Biham und Adi Shamir konnten mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Snefru (disambiguation) — * Snefru is a cryptographic hash function invented by Ralph Merkle which supports 128 bit and 256 bit output. * Snefru is an Egyptian Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh. (spelled Sneferu here) … Wikipedia
Egypt, ancient — Introduction civilization in northeastern Africa dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article… … Universalium